LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
REPORT OF THE
LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
REPORT OF THE
SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY
BUILDING AND GROUNDS
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
ENDING JUNE 30
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
This volume is for sale by the
SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS
Government Printing Office
Washington, D. C.
Price, 40 cts.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress . . . ; 4
List of officers 5
Report of the Librarian 7
Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds. 153
Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 167
Ib. Appropriation acts, 1916-17 171
II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 177
III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Acces-
sions, 1915-16 211
The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece
Plan of the cellar Facing page 6
Plan of the basement Facing page 6
Plan of the first or main floor Facing page 6
Plan of the second floor Facing page 6
Plan of the attic Facing page 6
FORM OF GIFT OR BEQUEST TO THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
"To THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, TO BE PLACED IN THE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND ADMINISTERED THEREIN BY THE
LIST OF OFFICERS
LIBRARIANS SINCE THE INCEPTION OF THE LIBRARY
1802-1807 John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and
180^-1815 ^Patrick Magruder, Clerk of the House of Representatives
1815-1829 George Watterston
1820-1861 John Silva Meehan
1861-1864 John G. Stephenson
1864-1897 (June 30) Ains worth Rand Spofford
1897 (J u h i}~ January 17, 1899 John Russell Young
1899 (April 5) Herbert Putnam
HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress
APPLETON PRENTISS CLARK GRIFFIN Chief Assistant Librarian
Allen Richards Boyd Chief Clerk
Jessica Louise Farnum Secretary
Reading Room Frederick William Ashley, Superintendent ; Hugh
Alexander Morrison, John Graham Morrison, chief assistants
Division of Bibliography Herman Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief
Card Division Charles Harris Hastings, Chief
Catalogue Division Charles Martel, Chief; Clarence W. Perley, chief
Division of Documents Henry John Harris, Chief
Legislative Reference James David Thompson, in charge
Division of Maruscripts Gail lard Hunt, Chief
Division of Maps and Charts Philip Lee Phillips, Chief
Division of Music Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, Chief
Order Division Theodore Wesley Koch, Chief
Division of Periodicals William Adams Slade, Chief
Division of Prints Richard Austin Rice, Acting Chief
Semitic Division Israel Schapiro, in charge
Smithsonian Deposit Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian
Institution); Francis Henry Parsons, assistant in charge
Law Library James David Thompson, Law Librarian
6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
THORVALD SOLBERG Register of Copyrights
ARTHUR CRISFIELD Assistant Register of Copyrights
LIBRARY BRANCH, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
Printing James H. Brodnax, foreman
Binding R. C. Lohmeyer, foreman
LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS
FRANK LLOYD AVERILL Superintendent
Wade H. Rabbitt Chief Clerk
Charles Benjamin Titlow Chief Engineer
Damon Warren Harding Electrician
John Vanderbilt Wiirdemann Captain of the watch
THE LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington, D. C., December 4, 1916
SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my report as
Librarian of Congress for the year ending June 30, 1916.
The report of the Superintendent of the Library Building
and Grounds (and Disbursing Officer) follows, beginning at
page 153. That of the Register of Copyrights is, as usuaj,
attached as Appendix II.
It had been my purpose to devote the (customary) intro-
ductory paragraphs to a consideration of the present state
of our collections; i. e., an estimate of our resources in ma-
terial as compared with the total to which we owe a duty.
To be significant, however, and truly instructive, such an
estimate must involve considerable detail ; and the inclusion
of it, added to the necessary statements of routine, would, it
was found, add unduly to the bulk of the report. I therefore
reserve it for a later occasion. In its stead I insert a some-
what full analysis of the operations of the Legislative Ref-
erence Service, which in completing its second year has com-
pleted also the period* (a long, added to a short, session)
which seemed necessary as a test of its utility. But I rele-
gate this to the end of the report, so that the customary
statistics of routine may be encountered promptly.
C4394 16 2
8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
There have been no new appointments to important posi-
tions. The return, however, of Mr. J. David Thompson, who
was able to resume his work in the Legislative Reference
Division at the opening of the session, assured to the conduct
of that Division the qualities I had noted in my last Report
as so invaluable. Upon his recommendation the work itself
was more definitely subdivided, questions involving law, to
which he has given particular oversight, being assigned to
one group of investigators, and the rest to another. Among
the higher assistants in the Division the only important
change has been the substitution of Dr. P. A. Speek for
Dr. J. G. Ohsol, who resigned in January to accept a higher
salary with the Federal Trade Commission.
I must note, however, as a loss to one branch of the work
the indexing the death, last May, of Mrs. A. M. Munson.
She was no longer directly in our service, but the qualities
which she had shown in it the specific work she had done
in it had left her in effect a continuing part of its structure.
And her interest and good will were such that we should have
had recourse to her in any problem requiring outside counsel.
The combination in her of a thorough preliminary education,
a specialized training, a free and flexible intelligence, a power
of close application, and a precision in detail, was notably
adapted to work such as this. And her death is a severe
deprivation to the scientific treatment of the problems which
The death in November last of the Chief of our Division
of Prints, Mr. A. J. Parsons, was followed within a few
weeks by that of one of his three chief assistants, Miss Lucy
Ogden, who had been many years in- the Division; a woman
of cultivation, refined and rendered definite by foreign
travel, an intelligent and loyal worker, and with the pleas-
antest of dispositions toward her associates and the public.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 9
For the conduct of the Division the Library fortunately
did not have to go outside to seek a successor to Mr.
Parsons, for in Prof. Richard A. Rice it had at hand an
expert perfectly equipped who was willing to bridge over
the exigency. He is now, therefore, Acting Chief of the
Division, and as such extends to its operations as a whole
the counsel and direction that for some years past he has
rendered to its development in certain branches.
The Chief Cataloguer, referring to resignations, makes
appreciative mention of the service of two of his assist-
ants Mrs. A. F\ Stevens and Miss Julia Gregory who for
years have been a main reliance in the higher technical
work of that Division. I heartily concur in the apprecia-
tion the more because it is not merely in itself just, but
recognizes a type of service little obvious to the general
public but, in a research library, fundamental and far-
reaching in its consequences ; for while a question answered
at the Issue Desk may have but a single and momentary
importance, a specification given in a catalogue contains
a direction which is permanent, and in our catalogue
cards, which become part of the apparatus of over 2,000
libraries, becomes also widely influential.
The call upon the National Guard for active service at
the border drew from our staff at the outset no less than 17
employees. Twelve were retained in active service and
their places in the Library are being held for them. Of the
twelve, seven were from the Copyright Office.
Among other changes (merely regrading) in the Copyright
Office, some were incidental to the departure from our Service,
on May 6, of Ernest Bruncken, who, since November i, 1909,
had occupied the position of Assistant Register except for
the period of the second session of the Sixty-third Congress
(through June, 1915), when he was temporarily assigned to
the Legislative Reference Division. His place has been
io Report of the Librarian of Congress
filled as it had been during that period by the promotion
of Arthur Crisfield, a veteran employee of the Office.
In my estimates submitted last October I again recom-
mended attention to the injustice of the salaries paid in our
lower grades, particularly from $900 down (to $360). Over
half of our staff were still receiving under $800 per annum,
and of these practically all from $600 upward are adults.
In the ensuing appropriation bill (for the year now current)
the recommendation was recognized by the increase of $60
(per annum) each in the salaries from $720 to $900, inclusive.
Small as it is, this increase affecting no less than no posi-
tions is a decided encouragement. As shown below, there
remain still recommendations for further or different
advances, to which I shall ask the attention of Congress at
the next opportunity.
NOTE. Since the above was written the resignation has
been presented of Dr. E. M. Borchard, who leaves us on
November i to assume a responsible legal position with the
National City Bank of New York. His duties with us will
for the present be assumed by Dr. Thompson, who is familiar
with them from a previous experience.
I have also to note two significant accessions to our staff,
viz, of Mr. Theodore W. Koch, recently librarian of the Uni-
versity of Michigan, who comes to take charge of our Order
Division, and of Dr. A. Palmieri, who comes to us from the
Harvard Library, to assist in systematizing and perfecting
our collection of Slavic literature.
The following table exhibits the appropriations and ex-
penditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright Office
for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the preceding
fiscal year and the year now current. Included also are
the appropriations for the equipment and care of the build-
ing and ground?, expended by the Superintendent.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Object cf appropriations
Library and Copyright Office:
$264, 1 20- oo
$264, 1 20-00
Distribution of card indexes
34, 968. 33
o 40, 709. 86
a 40, 302. 42
Increase of Library
9 98, ooo. oo
98, ooo. oo
b 7.- 307- 79
Total Library and Copyright
Building and grounds:
Care and maintenance, includ-
ing Sunday service
79 459- 83
Fuel, light, and miscellaneous . .
Furniture and shelving
e 16,991 -85
Resurfacing west driveway and
repairs to stone curb
4, ooo. oo
Refitting boiler room and coal
2, 500. OO
Total Building and grounds. .
Printing and binding (allotment
c 200,629. 24
C 200, 518.49
Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard
d 2, 972. 45
a Appropriations 1915 includes credits of $1,468.33 on account of sales of cards to Govern-
ment institutions. Appropriation 1916 includes $1,120.66 credits en account of sales tf
cards to Government institutions and $89.20 yet to be credited. Expenditures 1916
($40,302.42) offset by subscriptions covered into the Treasury ($69,504.92).
b Appropriations 1915 includes credits 65 cents on account of sales of photoduplications
to Government institutions and credit of $5.30 through return of photostat spools.
Appropriations 1916 includes credits of $1.30 on account of sales of photoduplications to
Government institutions and a credit of $5.85 through return of photostat spools. In-
cludes also a credit of $0.64 on account of refund of defaulting contractor.
c Allotment 1915 includes credits of $629.24 on account of sales of cards to Government
institutions. Allotment 1916 includes credits of $480.26 on account of sales of cards to
Government institutions and $38.23 yet to be credited. Allotment 1916 does not
include $9,000 provided in deficiency act approved September 8, 1916.
d Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800.
< Expenditures include outstanding indebtedness.
/Offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($112,986.85).
Q Exclusive of $2 ,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new books
of reference for that body.
12 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The appropriations for 1915-16 varied from those in the
preceding year in the following particulars :
Legislative Reference :< The item made to read:
To enable the librarian of Congress to employ com-
petent persons to gather, classify, and make available,
in translations, indexes, digests, compilations, and
bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon legis-
lation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress
and committees and Members thereof, $25,000.
Card Indexes: Appropriation increased from $33,500 to
$395oo- The item made to read :
For service in connection with distribution of card
indexes and other publications of the Library, including
the following salaries now authorized and being paid:
Chief of division, $3,000; chief assistant, $1,800;
assistants one $1,600, three at $1,500 e'ach, three at
$1,400 each, three at $1,200 each, two at $1,100 each,
three at $1,000 each; and for services of assistants at
salaries less than $1,000 per annum and for piecework
and work by the hour, $15,600, including not exceeding
$500 for freight charges, expressage, traveling expenses
connected with such distribution, and expenses con-
nected with such distribution, and expenses of attend-
ance at meetings when incurred on the written authority
and direction of the Librarian, $39,500.
Increase of the Library of Congress: The item made to
For purchase of books for the Library, and for freight,
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other
expenses incidental to the acquisition of books by pur-
chase, gift, bequest, or exchange, to continue available
during the fiscal year nineteen hundred and seventeen,
$90,000, together with the unexpended balance of the
sum appropriated for this object for the fiscal year
nineteen hundred and fifteen;
For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000;
For purchase of new books of reference for the
Supreme Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 13
and purchased by (he marshal of the Supreme Court,
under the direction of the Chief Justice, $2,000;
For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and news-
In all, $100,000.
The appropriations for 1916-17 include the following
changes and additional provisions:
General Administration: The salary of i stenographer
and typewriter increased, $780 to $840.
Bibliography Division: The following salaries increased:
i stenographer and typewriter, $900 to $960; i assistant,
$780 to $840.
Binding Division: The salary of i assistant increased,
$900 to $960.
Catalogue Division: The following salaries increased: 4
assistants, $860 to $920; 13 assistants, $780 to $840.
Congressional Reference Library: The following salaries
increased: i assistant, $900 to $960; i assistant, $780
Document Division: The following salaries increased: i
stenographer and typewriter, $900 to $960; i assistant,
$780 to $840.
Mail and Delivery Division: i additional assistant at
$600; salary of i assistant increased, $720 to $780.
Map Division: The salary of i assistant increased,
$780 to $840.
Music Division: The following salaries increased: 2
assistants, $780 to $840.
Order Division: The following salaries increased: 2 assist-
ants, $780 to $840.
Periodical Division: The following salaries increased: i
stenographer and typewriter, $900 to $960; 5 assistants,
$780 to. $840.
14 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Reading Room: 2 additional assistants at $600 each.
The following salaries increased: 25 assistants, $780 to
$840; i attendant Senate Reading Room, $900 to $960; i
attendant Representatives' Reading Room, $780 to $840;
2 attendants cloak rooms, $720 to $780; i attendant Toner
Library, $900 to $960; i attendant Washington Library,
$900 to $960; 2 watchmen, $720 to $780; 5 assistants,
$900 to $960.
Smithsonian Deposit: The salary of i messenger increased,
$720 to $780.
Copyright Office: The following salaries increased: 18
clerks, $900 to $960; 2 clerks, $800 to $860; 10 clerks, $720
to $780; i porter, $720 to $780.
Card Indexes: 2 additional assistants, i at $1,100 and i
The appropriation for services of assistants at salaries less
than $1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the
hour, increased from $15,600 to $17,000;
A total increase for the Card Index Service of $3,500
($39>5 to $43>ooo).
Increase of the Library of Congress: The item made to
read "For purchase of books for the Library, including
payment in advance for subscription books and society pub-
Library Building and Grounds: 4 additional positions: i
property clerk, $900; 2 watchmen at $900 each; i car-
penter at $900.
For Fuel, Lights, Repairs, etc. : The item made to include
the following: "$4,000 for waterproofing parts of east
driveway over machinery, and $2,000 for temporary
repairs and painting of roof." Increased from $14,000
Report of the Librarian of Congress 15
The following additional provisions :
For resurfacing west driveway and repairs to stone curb in
Library grounds, $4,000.
For refitting of boiler room and coal vaults, $2,500.
Library estimates, 1916-17: The following positions asked
for in the estimates for 1916-17 were not granted:
Semitic Division: Two assistants, at $900 each $i, 800
Increases of salary recommended, not granted :
5 assistants from $900 to $ i , 200 ; granted to $960 . . $ i , 200
9 assistants from $1,000 to $1,080; not granted . . 720
30 assistants from $960 to $i ,080; not granted .... 3, 600
1 attendant (Senate Reading Room) from $900 to
$1,080; granted to $960 120
2 assistants from $900 to $ i, 080; granted to $960. . 240
1 messenger from $840 to $900; not granted .... 60
53 assistants from $780 to $900; granted to $840. . 3, 180
2 assistants from $720 to $900; granted to $780. . 240
2 watchmen (reading room) from $720 to $900;
granted to $780 240
i telephone operator (reading room) from $660 to
$900; not granted 240
i assistant from $580 to $600; not granted 20
8 assistants from $540 to $600; not granted 480
28 junior messengers from $420 to $480; not
granted i, 680
14$ positions 12, 020
10 clerks from $1,000 to $1,080; not granted 800
18 clerks from $900 to $1,080; granted to $960 . . 2, 160
2 clerks from $800 to $900; granted to $860 .... 80
10 clerks from $720 to $900; granted to $780 .... i, 200
2 clerks from $480 to $600; not granted 240
5 junior messengers from $360 to $480; not
47 positions 5, 080
190 positions in total 17,100
Increase of Library of Congress- (purchase of books) :
$100,000 recommended $90,000 granted.
1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full
as Appendix II, and is also separately printed by the Copy-
The principal statistics of the business done during the
year are as follows :
Fees received and applied
Registrations ($i ), including certificates
Registrations (50 cents), photographs, no certificates
Registrations (50 cents), renewals
For copies of record
For assignments and copies of same
For notices of user
i, 556. oo
For indexing transfers of proprietorship
Total number of deposits received (material of all classes, including dupli-
Total number of registrations
Total communications received, including parcels, but excluding deposits
Total communications se^ out (including letters written)
The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treasury
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copy-
right Office. They form a regular revenue of the Govern-
ment, however, and a net revenue over the direct expenses
of the office, as appears from the comparison following :
COPYRIGHT OF RECEIPTS
Receipts and ex- Fees covered in during the fiscal year 1915-16, as above. . $112, 986. 85
Salaries, as stated $102, 552. 47
Stationery and sundries i, 064. 63
Net cash earnings.
103. 617. 10
Q,3 6 9- 75
Report of the Librarian of Congress 17
The amount expended for salaries ($102,552.47) includes
the sum of $4,680 paid in salaries to certain employees who
have been classifying and crediting the old deposits received
prior to 1897. This expenditure is chargeable to arrears.
The current expenses of the Office are therefore considerably
more than met by the current receipts.
The above statement includes all disbursements except the
cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only cash
receipts. In addition to cash fees, the copyright business
brings each year to the government, in articles deposited,
property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During
the past fiscal year 201,802 such articles were received.
The value of those drawn up into the collections of the
Library far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings.
The work of the Copyright Office is divided into two
parts: (i) The current business, covering applications re-
ceived since the reorganization of the Office under the
Register in 1897; ( 2 ) The arrears, the classification, credit-
ing, and indexing of the entries and deposits prior to 1897
(i. e., from 1870, when the copyright business was first
placed under the Librarian of Congress).
On the xoth day of July, 1916, when the report of the Current c t>y
Copyright Office was submitted, the remittances received
up to the third mail of the day had been recorded and
acknowledged; the account books of the bookkeeping divi-
sion were written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts
rendered to the Treasury Department were settled up to
and including the month of June, while earned fees to June
30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copy-
right applications received up to and including June 30 had
been passed upon and refunds made.
The total unfinished business for the full 19 years from
July i, 1897, to June 30, 1916, amounts to but $1,383.27,
against a total completed business for the same period of
1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
At the close of business on July 10, 1916, the works
deposited for copyright registration up to and including
June 30 had all been recorded, as well as a large part of the
publications received since that date.
The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, which since the trans-
fer of its publication from the Treasury Department to the
Library of Congress has been issued in four separate parts,
was continued in five annual volumes properly indexed.
Copyright busi- During the fiscal year about 2,150 articles received prior
ness prior to July
i, 1897 to July i , 1897, were examined preparatory to being credited
to their respective entries, and 1,037 were duly credited.
During the past 19 years the business done by the Office
was as follows:
Total number of entries 2, 051, 541
Total number of articles deposited 3, 642, 856
Total amount of fees received and applied $i, 649, 776. 15
Total expenditure for service $i, 409, 087. 75
Net receipts above expenses for service $240, 688. 40
During the 45 years since the copyright work became a
business of the Library of Congress the total number of en-
tries has been 2,932,397.
Elimination of Under authority of sections 59 and 60 of the Copyright
act of 1909, 18,357 volumes have been transferred to the
Library from the deposits in the Copyright Office during the
fiscal year; 5,452 books have been deposited in governmental
libraries in the District of Columbia, and 59,256 articles
have been returned to copyright claimants, including 12,177
books, 19 photographs, 13,753 prints, 8,642 periodicals, 13
dramatic or musical compositions, and 9,917 motion-picture
^Panama-Pacific Under the act of Congress approved September 18, 1913,
Branch Copyright f or the protection of foreign exhibitors at the Panama-
Pacific Exposition, of articles within the domain of patent
and copyright, a branch office was duly opened at San
Francisco for the registration of such articles.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 9
This branch office went out of existence by operation of
law on December 4, 1915, with the closing of the Panama-
Pacific International Exposition, on that date. Only a few
registrations were finally made. The total expenses in-
volved amounted to but $7.25, and the unexpended balance
of the $15,000 appropriated ($14,992.75) reverted to the
Treasury on December 31, 1915.
INCREASE OK THE LIBRARY: PRINTED MATERIAL*
(From the report of the Order Division, Mr. Ashley in general
supervision until October 15, 1916)
Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets made Contents of the
Library June 30,
in Tune, 1902, as accurate, the total contents of the Library, 191 5, and June 30,
inclusive of the Law Library, at the close of the past two
fiscal years, were as follows :
Contents of the Library
Manuscripts (a numerical state-
Maps and charts (pieces)
Music (volumes and pieces)
Printed books and pamphlets
Manuscripts (a numerical stateme
Maps and charts (volumes and p
Music (volumes and pieces)
nt not feasible)
Prints (pieces) .
* For Manuscripts, Maps, Music, and Prints see under those headings infra.
2O Report of the Librarian of Congress
ACCESSIONS: xhe accessions of books and pamphlets during the past
Books and pam-
phlets, by sources two years, in detail, classified by source, were as follows:
By purchase . .
By gift. . ,
By transfer from United States Government
libraries . .
j i 060
From the Public Printer by virtue of law
From the American Printing House for the
By International Exchange (from foreign
Gifts of the United States Government in all
its branches .
42 1 6
Gifts from State governments .
Gifts from local governments
Gifts from corporations and associations
& I=C, 7Q2
By exchange (piece for piece)
By priced exchange
3,9 2 5
Library of Congress publications (specially
Gain of volumes by separation in binding and
by binding of books and periodicals pre-
viously uncounted or uncounted in their
Total added books, pamphlets, and
1^2, 2 CO
By consolidation in binding
Duplicates sent in exchange . .
Returns of college and library catalogues
35, 2 36
88, i oi'
This includes 145 volumes added to the reserve collections.
b This includes 311 volumes added to the reserve collections.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 2 1
These tables indicate a considerable decrease in the net
accessions as compared with the preceding year, to be
accounted for in part by the practical closing of the sources
of supply in continental Europe and in part by unusually
large deductions of material through consolidation in
binding and through exchanges, transfers, and returns. The
eliminations, however, though considerably above the
average of recent years, were greatly exceeded in 1906,
1908, and 1909.
While no considerable collection of books was received by Gifts
gift, the aggregate of gifts from thousands of sources
private, corporate, and official reached the considerable
total of 28,285 volumes. Among these may be mentioned
"The collection of arms and armor of Rutherfurd Stuy-
vesant, 1843-1909, by Bashford Dean," one of 300 copies
printed, the gift of Mrs. Rutherfurd Stuyvesant.
Mrs. Whitelaw Reid gave a copy of:
The Royal commission on the losses and services of
American loyalists, 1783 to 1785, being the notes of Mr.
Daniel Parker Cokel M. P., one of the commissioners
during that period ; ed. by Hugh Edward Egerton . . .
Oxford, Printed for presentation to the members of the
Roxburghe club [by H. Hart, at the University press]
" Dedicated and presented to the president and mem-
bers of the Roxburghe club in memory of His excellency
the Hon. Whitelaw Reid."
One of the reprints made to replace a part of the origi-
nal edition, lost when the "Arabic" was sunk. cf. slip
The artist Jan V. Chelminski presented a fine copy of his
work entitled :
" Iv'armee du duche de Varsovie, par Jan V. Chel-
minski; texte par le commandant A. Malibran" . . .
Paris, J. Leroy et cie, 1913.
Mr. H. Yamawaki, Commissioner General of Japan to
the Panama-Pacific Exposition, presented a set of "Japanese
22 Report of the Librarian of Congress
temples and their treasures," three portfolios of plates of
architectural monuments, sculpture, painting, and allied
arts, with text.
The following letter is a gratifying evidence of interest
in the Library taken by a resident of India, who gives a
number of bool^s in the Hindi language :
ist Sbrawan 1973
The LIBRARIAN, PUBLIC LIBRARY
(read Library of Congress)
Washington, D. C., U. S. A.
DEAR SIR : While on a world tour last year I had the
good fortune of spending some months in your beautiful
country, when I visited your world famous Library as
Though greatly struck with the variety and richness
of the "literary treasures stored in your institution, I
must confess I discovered with something like a shock
the total absence of any books in the living languages
of India. In order to introduce at least one of these
languages to the vast numbers of your readers, I am
taking this opportunity of presenting, on behalf of the
Nagri Pracharni Sabha, a literary research society in
Benares, a set of their publications, as well as a few
books on my own behalf.
I hope that you would be good enough to accept these
books and place them in a prominent position in your
Library in order to attract the attention of, and create
interest in, your various visitors.
My desire is to introduce this language in your land
through your Library. It is essential that I should men-
tion here that the get-up and binding of the books are
not up to your mark. A poor land like ours can not
afford to sell literature in costly prints and bindings.
Moreover, allow me to remind you of the famous words
of the still more famous Swami Vivekananda : " The
East carries diamonds wrapped in rags," and I do not
doubt that competent scholars would discover rare gems
in these books.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 23
I would further state that the books are all in the
Hindi language, which is well known as one of the most
ancient of the living languages of the world. It is a lan-
guage spoken by about 1 25,000,000 people, and is unsur-
passed for beauty of expression and depth of thought.
I might mention here that one of the sets sent
' 'Prithvi Raj Raso" in three volumes, dates from the
thirteenth century Vikrama i. e., twelfth century after
Christ while others date from the various centuries
after that up to the present time.
When I find any indication of some interest in these
books taken by yourself and other friends, I shall be glad
to induce other publishers of Hindi books to send you
their publications as well.
Inclosed please find the bill of lading of the case of
books sent through Messrs. Balmer, Lawrie & Co.
Meanwhile, I remain
SHIVA PRASAD GUPTEE
Naudan Saluis St., Benares City, U. P. India
American importing publishers gave some 83 imported
works, including 43 from the John Lane Company, 23 from
the Frederick A. Stokes Company, and 8 from the Funk
and Wagnalls Company.
Mr. P. Lee Phillips, Chief of the Division of Maps and
Charts, gave a valuable supplement to Cushing's "Initials
and pseudonyms," in five folio manuscript volumes, the
results of many years of research by the giver.
My report for 1914-15, in reviewing the growth of our PURCHASES:
East Asiatic collections, made briefest mention of an under- collection*
taking then in progress to supplement and symmetrize the
collections, an obligation not merely to American scholar-
ship and in particular to the immediate needs of the scientific
bureaus of the government but also to the development of
American influence in the Orient. For both the project
and its execution in detail the Library is indebted to the
interest and enterprise of Dr. Walter T. Swingle, of the
Bureau of Plant Industry, in the practical benefits of whose
64394 16 3
24 Report of the Librarian of Congress
visit to the Far East in the spring and summer of 1915 on
behalf of the Department of Agriculture we were permitted
Dr. Swingle has long been actively concerned in the
development of our collections and well acquainted with
their contents; he took with him a photographic catalogue
of the oriental works in the libraries of Washington and
Chicago. To his own impressions of oriental literature he
brought the advice and counsel of native scholars in China
and Japan. His commission to purchase for us resulted in
adding to our shelves 271 Chinese works in 13,061 chiian
(books) bound in 4,945 volumes, 1 76 Japanese works bound
in 770 volumes, 3 Korean works bound in 7 volumes; 2 sets
of Chinese and 9 sets of Japanese periodicals (2,169 num-
bers) bound in 170 volumes; making a total of 5,892
volumes (1,409 volumes received between March 20 and
June 30, 1915, and 4,481 volumes received since July i,
The endeavor was to supplement our existing resources
along lines likely to prove important in the near future.
The more significant groups embraced in the present
acquisition were these :
( a ) Barly printed books. Block printing was practiced
in China centuries before the introduction of the art into
Europe, but the Library of Congress has hitherto pos-
sessed but few early specimens. In spite of the extreme
rarity of such books Dr. Swingle obtained enough
very ancient Chinese imprints to make our collection
notable, to be ranked among the best in Western
(6) Chinese historical and descriptive works published
during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and early sixteenth
centuries, covering the period of first contacts with
Europeans. These works are rare and very expensive,
but a considerable number covering the early part of
the Ming dynasty were secured, including at least one
very important work supposed in China to have been
Report of the Librarian of Congress 25
(c) Early Chinese dictionaries and encyclopedias.
Such works are of great value in tracing the introduc-
tion of plants, animals, arts, and industries into China
from Western Asia, Europe, and America. A few
printed prior to the discovery of printing in Europe
were obtained, and a very good collection of fifteenth
and sixteenth century reprints, the whole making a
collection of great value for historical and philological
investigations, probably the equal of any in Europe.
(d) Chinese works on natural history and pharma-
copoeias. These works are of the greatest importance
in tracing the introduction of European and American
plants and animals into China. Those secured, together
with those already in the Library of Congress and in the
Library of the Department of Agriculture, make the
Washington collection easily the best in America, and
probably better than any in Europe. Many of these
works are early editions, including some very early
imprints not included in any European collection.
(<?) Chinese geographical works. The already large
collection of these important works possessed by the
Library of Congress was increased by a number of
important items until at present the Library contains
about 418 such works. As the John Crerar Library
contains about 260 items of this class, the number
available in America is, excluding duplicates, probably
about 640, a number approached in Western countries
only in France, where the Paris Library has about 600
(/) Ts'ung shu or collection of reprints, individual
collections of the works of famous writers and works of
erudition by famous scholars. Many valuable additions
to these classes were secured. These works are highly
prized by the Chinese themselves, but a considerable
number of items were secured, some old editions dating
from the Ming dynasty or even earlier. Four of the
Ts'ung shu or general collections that were secured
included no fewer than 3,740 books, bound in 592
volumes. With this notable addition the Library of
Congress, already enriched by the purchases of 1913-14,
attains a prominent place among the repositories of
this most important class of Chinese literature.
26 Report of the Librarian of Congress
(<7) Writings of the great Sung dynasty philosopher
and critic, Chu Hsi (Chu fu tzu or Chufucius), 1130-
1200 A. D. A rather full collection was made of the
works of this famous man, second only to Confucius
in his influence on the Chinese mind. Several very old
editions of his works were secured besides representa-
tive modern reprints, the whole constituting a very
good collection of the works of this scholar, undoubtedly
the best in America.
Japanese liter a- Q^ Examples of ancient Japanese printing and old
Japanese works serving to elucidate Chinese works, or
written in the same general style.
(i) A few very valuable early Japanese imprints were
purchased, including a good copy of the oldest Japanese
printed work extant, probably dating from the begin-
ning of the thirteenth century.
(/) Writings of Kaibara (Kaibara Ekken), 1630
1714 A. D. A large collection was made of the works
of this popular philosopher, who occupies in Japan
much the same place as Franklin in America. Kaibara
was selected as a typical Japanese philosopher, critic,
and teacher, just as Chu Hsi was selected as typical of
the Chinese. Many of Kaibara's works were secured in
the original editions, some in later editions, and a com-
plete set of his writings in a modern Japanese reprint
was purchased. No such collection exists elsewhere
outside of Japan.
(k) Several sets of modern scientific or philosophic
Japanese journals, complete or nearly complete, were
purchased at very low prices.
Upon Dr. Swingle's detailed reports are based the following
references to some of the more notable items acquired by
Ancient Chi- Ancient Chinese books of the Sung and Yuan dynasties,
nese books . f ^ . -
printed long before the European invention 01 printing.
A number of rare old Chinese lexicographic works were
secured, some of them editions supposed up to now to have
been lost in China.
The Ch'ung pien kai ping wu yin pien is a phonetic dic-
tionary arranged according to a new and peculiar system
Report of the Librarian of Congress 27
and is considered to be one of the most noteworthy
Chinese lexicographic works of the thirteenth century.
It is one of the few important original works published
under the short-lived Kin dynasty of Tartars. The first
edition was published in the eighth year of the Emperor
T'ai Ho, 1208 A. D. The copy secured for the Library
of Congress is likewise a Kin edition, dated in the sixth
year of the Emperor Cheng Ta, 1229 A. D. This edi-
tion seems to be unknown to Chinese bibliographers,
though a later, Yuan dynasty edition is listed among the
treasures of the private library of the Manchu Emperor
Chien Lung. The copy secured for the Library of Congress
is of especial interest, as it contains impressions of seals
showing that it was once contained in the palace library of
the Ming emperors. It afterwards came into the posses-
sion of the famous scholar Li T'ien-fu, prime minister of
the Manchu Emperor K'ang Hsi from 1692-1699 A. D. The
fact that seal impressions of this character were placed in
the work shows that it was considered to be of great inter-
est and value by Chinese scholars.
The Tseng hsiu lu chu li pu yun lueh is a revision of a
famous rhyming dictionary first published about 1190
A. D. It was adopted by the Board of Ceremonies as the
standard for use in the State examinations. A single
volume of the Yuan dynasty edition, the second of the five,
published in 1361 A. D., was secured in Japan. No complete
set of this edition is known in China, the Fan family has
the third volume, and the Tin family the fourth, and now
the Library of Congress possesses the second volume,
while the first and fifth are not known to exist in any
library. Fortunately a complete facsimile reprint of this
edition, made in Japan, probably about the end of the
fourteenth century, was secured for the Library of Congress,
together with the single volume of the Chinese original.
An attempt was made to secure good early editions of the
works of the great Sung dynasty philosopher and schoolman
Chu Hsi, commonly called Chu tzu or Chu fu tzu (Chufu-
cius) , who was born 1 130 and died 1 200 A. D. He was one of
the last and easily the greatest of the manv brilliant Sung
28 Report of the Librarian of Congress
philosophers. Wylie says : ' ' The bold conception of the latter
(Chu Hsi) and the popularity of his style, have secured for
his writings a wonderful influence over the native mind. The
classics and histories passed under his revision and exposi-
tion, and his theory of the universe was destined henceforth
to mould the national belief ..." It is no exaggeration to say
that for the past 750 years his influence over the Chinese
people has been exceeded only by that of Confucius, and to
a considerable degree he made the now prevalent modern
Chinese interpretation of Confucius himself.
Two very ancient posthumous works by Chu Hsi were
obtained, consisting of supplementary collections of letters
and dispatches written by him but omitted from the earlier
collection probably published shortly after his death in 1 200
A. D. One volume is dated 124.5 in the preface; the other
1265. These books are apparently not now known in the
original edition and are of much bibliographic interest as
there has been a dispute of long standing in China as to
the number of books comprised in these works, a dispute
which can perhaps be settled definitely by the aid of these
ancient and perhaps original editions.
Another work by Chu Hsi, of which the early editions seem
to have been lost in China, is an Imperial Ming edition of
his commentary on the Shih Ching or Book of Odes dated
1447. The set secured is a fine sample of Ming printing,
with large black characters on white paper. It lacks one
of the six volumes, but in view of the importance of the
author and the fact that no copies of this edition were
known to the compilers of the Imperial Catalogue, it is a
find of unusual interest and value.
The pre-Columbian Chinese editions of herbals or Pen
ts'ao are of great interest in a study of the history of agri-
culture in the Orient, as they were printed before the possi-
bility of confusion through plants brought by the Portu-
guese to Macao or by the Spaniards to the Philippines.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 29
A copy of what seems to be an ancient edition of the
Tang i pen ts'ao, published by Wang Hao-ku in 1306, was
secured. It shows all the characteristics of a Yuan
dynasty printed book as to paper, type of characters, etc.
Another item of unusual interest is a very old illustrated
edition of the Cheng lei pen ts'ao of T'ang Shen-wei, dated
1302, but probably a Ming reprint as yet but imperfectly
known to bibliographers. This work was originally
published in 1108 and for five hundred years was the most
important treatise on materia medica in China, Korea,
and Japan. Numerous editions were published, but the
earlier ones are no longer extant. Bretschneider, who for
many years studied this class of work in China, never saw
a copy of it (Botanicon Sinicum i, p. 47). There is only a
very imperfect copy of the edition of 1469 in the Biblio-
theque Nationale at Paris. Another old edition of it
published in 1552 and a Japanese reprint of 1775 were also
secured while the Library of Congress already had two
other editions, one of about 1620 and the other a recent
facsimile reprint of the Sung edition of 1195. The
copy in the John Crerar Library in Chicago (1587) and
the one in Dr. Laufers personal library at the Field
Museum (1523) differ from any of the five in the Library of
Congress, so that American students have at hand no fewer
than seven different editions of this most important work.
Dr. Laufer after a thorough study of Chinese bibliographic
works lists 13 editions, but the Library of Congress now has
no fewer than 4 not appearing in his list. As an illustrated
pre-Columbian work on natural history it is of the very
highest interest in any study of the history of agriculture
in the Pacific area. A critical study of this work can now
be undertaken with some degree of assurance in America,
with a wealth of ancient texts at hand, in striking contrast
to the single imperfect copy in the Paris library.
30 Report of the Librarian of Congress
In addition to these ancient editions of Pen ts'ao numer-
ous Chinese and Japanese works of the same class,
though of later date, were also purchased. A rough count
shows over 30 such works, which together with the very
good collections already in the Library of Congress and in
the Library of the Department of Agriculture, make the
Washington collection equal to or superior to any in
In addition to the Sung and Yuan dynasties works large
numbers of early Ming dynasty works were secured. Only
a few of them can be noticed here.
A work reported in the Imperial Catalogue as lost is the
third enlarged edition of the Ta ming hui lien (Organization
of the Ming government) published in 1576. A copy was
secured in Japan, where doubtless the work had escaped
destruction. Some 20 out of the 228 books are missing,
but have been supplied so cleverly in manuscript that a
careful inspection is needed to detect the fact that they are
not printed. A copy of the original edition of this impor-
tant work on the machinery of governments in China
during the early part of the Ming dynasty, published in
1511, was also secured. These works are very interesting
because the first edition was finished before the Portuguese
reached the coast of China, while the second was printed
after the Europeans had already begun to exert an influence
on China. Another work of similar scope is Ta ming chi li,
a treatise on the constitution of the Ming dynasty, con-
sisting of 53 books bound in 36 volumes, with a preface
dated 1520. Several other works bearing on this important
part of Chinese history were secured. Kuo chao ming
shih lei yuan, a biographical compendium in 46 books
bound in 24 volumes, Huang yu k'ao, a work on the
Imperial Ming territories in 10 books bound in 4 volumes,
and Ching chi lei pien, a cyclopedia of political economy in
Report of the Librarian of Congress 31
100 books bound in 36 volumes, all three published during
the Ming dynasty, deserve mention in this connection.
By the help of Dr. H. K. Fung it was possible to complete Chinese
the Library of Congress set of the great Chinese encyclo-
pedia, T'u shu chi ch'eng. The missing 10 volumes were
obtained in the now very rare original edition published in
1728 and show the great seal of the Emperor, Ch'ien Lung,
doubtless having been once a part of his library.
It was another bit of good fortune to secure 2 volumes of
the great Ming encyclopedia, Yung lo ta tien, of which the
only remaining set was destroyed by fire during the siege of
the foreign quarter of Peking in June, 1900. Of this mag-
nificent work that originally consisted of some 22,000 volumes
there now remain only some few stray volumes that were
out of the Hanlin College at the time of the fire.
A work on the Chinese painters and their work prepared
under the direction of the famous Manchu Emperor, K'ang
Hsi, and furnished with a preface from his pen, was secured;
it is Pei wen chai shu hua pen. Wylie does not mention it,
but it seems to be a very full and valuable work. It consists
of 100 books bound in 64 volumes. Mendes Silva, in a
history of Chinese art published in the Journal Oriente,
Macao (vol. i, p. 93, March, 1915), says that numerous
Chinese treatises give the history of the two allied arts,
painting and calligraphy, among them perhaps the most
important being a great encyclopedia which the Emperor
K'ang Hsi ordered compiled in 1705 and which was pub-
lished in 1708 under the title Pei -wen chai shu hua Pu.
Among the more important books printed in Japan, the Andent jat>-
following may be noted: A copy of the oldest Japanese n
printed book extant, Senjaku-shu by Honen-Shonin (Genku).
This Buddhistic work, written in Chinese about 1196 by
Honen-Shonin, the founder of the J6d6 sect of Buddhists,
was so repugnant to the older sects that the Hieizan priests
in 1206 requested and obtained permission to destroy all the
32 Report of the Librarian of Congress
copies of the book they could lay their hands on, together
with the blocks from which it had been printed. A second
edition was printed in 1211 or 1212, and a third in 12^0 or
nese books 1249. According to Ernest Satow, "On the Early History
of Printing in Japan," (in Transactions of the Asiatic Society
of Japan, vol. 10, pt. i, p. 51, May, 1882), this work is the
earliest Japanese printed book of which copies have been
preserved, the earliest known printed work having been
issued in 1 172, only a few years before, but of this no copies
are known. The present work is in two volumes and is
made up in a most unusual style, each sheet, printed on one
side only and including two printed pages, being folded and
pasted half to the back of the second page of the preceding
sheet, half to the first page of the succeeding sheet, so that
the resulting volume seems to be composed of pages printed
on both sides but held together on the inner edges without
binding of any kind. This style of book is called Koya-
tsuzuri, after the ancient Koya-san monastery. The paper
is very lustrous and the characters are engraved with heavy
lines and printed with very black ink. Satow describes
another Buddhistic work, "The Ten Means of Salvation,"
published in 1248, doubtless very similar to this, in the
following terms : "The volume is printed on both sides of the
leaf, on a peculiar lustrous paper which differs in appearance
from the ordinary Japanese material, and the sheets instead
of being sewn as usual were originally pasted together at
their inner margins." Satow (id., p. 53).
It seems possible that the copy of the Senjaku^shu pur-
chased by Dr. Swingle is of the early thirteenth century and
may even be the original edition. At any rate, it is a copy
of the oldest printed book known in Japan and is printed in
the style of characters, on the quality of paper, and is bound
in the style of the period. It is doubtless the oldest Jap-
anese book in America, and if, as seems possible, it is one
of the few copies of the first edition that escaped destruc-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 33
tion by the Hieizan monks in 1206, it is the oldest Jap-
anese printed book extant. The copy is in the original
covers and in good condition, except that it lacks two pages
supplied in manuscript.
Apparently the next oldest book printed in Japan secured
by Dr. Swingle is a reprint of a Chinese rhyming dictionary,
Tseng hsiu hu chu li pu yunlueh, originally printed in China
in 1 162. The Japanese reprint, which, like all early Japanese
books, is wholly in Chinese characters, has the date 1162 at
the end of the preface.
Another Japanese reprint of an old Chinese rhyming dic-
tionary of the Yuan dynasty is the Yun fu chu'un yu, orig-
inally published in 1334, and according to Satow reprinted
in Japan about 1400. Wylie says that it seems to be the
oldest work extant with Liu Yuan's system of finals which
has been very generally followed since the middle of the
thirteenth century. The copy secured was found in the
possession of the San'en-zan Keisho^in Buddhist temple in
Tokyo, and each of the 10 volumes bears a label stating that
it is not to be removed outside the temple gate. The case in
which this work was kept was also secured.
Another item of interest among the Japanese books is a
very early copy of a work printed from movable type. vSuch
works are said to have been known in China during the Sung
dynasty and in 1403 a Korean Emperor had copper movable
type engraved for use in printing Chinese classics. Accord-
ing to Satow, movable type were introduced into Japan from
Korea and the first book printed from them in 1 596. Maribyo
kuwaishun is a reprint of a Chinese medical work made in
Japan from movable types in 1607. Dr. W. N. Whitney's
"History of medical progress in Japan" (Transactions of the
Asiatic Society of Japan, vol. 12, p. 245, July, 1885) gives a
very full list of Chinese and Japanese medical works, but of
this work only an edition of 1647 is listed. It seems to have
been the first medical work to be printed in Japan from
34 Report of the Librarian of Congress
movable types. It is, moreover, a work of some intrinsic
importance, being included among the 44 most important
Chinese and Japanese medical treatises, furnished to Whitney
by the Japanese Bureau of Education.
A comparatively modern Japanese work of unusual interest
is Moshi hinbutsu dzuko, "An inquiry into the objects men-
tioned in the She-king," with illustrations by Oka Gempo,
published in 1785. Legge in the Prolegomena to the She-
king (Chinese Classics, v. 4, pt. i,p. 180) says of this book:
"This is the work of a Japanese scholar and physician . . .
taking up first the grasses and plants, then trees, birds,
animals, insects, and fishes. . . . The plates are, in general,
exquisitely done and would do credit to any wood engraver
of Europe. The book, though not containing quite all the
objects mentioned in the She, has been of more use to me
than all the other books of the same class together."
The following sets of modern philosophic and scientific
Japanese periodicals were also acquired :
Tetsugaku Zasshi, the Philosophical Magazine, vols. i to 20, 1887 to
Y6mei-gaku, the Journal of the Yang-ming School of Philosophy in
Japan. 1896-1900. (No longer published.)
Ky6do Kenkyu, the Journal of Folklore in Japan, vols. 1-3, complete,
1913 to August, 1915.
Fuzoku Gwah6, Illustrated Journal of Japanese Life, 1889 to February,
I 9 I 3-
Zinruigaku Zasshi, Journal of the Tokyo Anthropological Society, 1886
tD February, 1914.
Chigaku Zasshi, The Geographical Journal, 1895 to June, 1915.
T6y6 Gakugei Zasshi, the Oriental Journal of Science and Art, 1892
tj June, 1915.
T6ky6 Gakushi Kaiin Zasshi, Journal of the Tokyo Academy of Science,
vols. 1-17. (No longer published.)
Gn>TS: Through Dr. Swingle a number of Chinese and Japanese
Japanese litera- works were presented, including the following of especial
An old-style examination paper for the highest grade of
literati rescued by Rev. Gilbert Reid from the burning
building of Hanlin College on June 23, 1900, and presented
Report of the Librarian of Congress 35
by him to the Library of Congress is of much interest, as it
is of undoubted authenticity and furthermore was held
under Hsu Tung, the president of the Hanlin College, a
noted xenophobe and friend of the Boxers, as is certified
by the letter from Dr. Reid accompanying the gift.
A valuable set of the publications of the International
Institute at Shanghai was also presented by the Director,
Rev. Gilbert Reid. Of particular interest is the Journal of
the Institute, containing many articles by Chinese scholars
of all schools and China's treaties with foreign powers and
A valuable gift by Dr. King Kwei Fung is Hui k'o shu mu,
a printed catalogue of the works comprised in the principal
Chinese ts'ung shu or collection of reprints; and a manu-
script card catalogue made by Dr. Fung of the ts'ung shu
contained in the above works, the cards being arranged by
the number of strokes in the first character of the title,
making it very easy to refer to the printed work and find
the works contained in any given ts'ung shu.
The St. Joseph College, at Macao, China, presented a num-
ber of valuable grammars and dictionaries in Chinese and
Portuguese printed by the college.
The Viscount Foukouba, of the Imperial household de-
partment at Tokyo, presented a copy of his work on the
citrus fruits of Kishu Province, Japan, one of the first mod-
ern works on the subject published in 1881, and now ex-
Purchased documentary material included the following : PURCHASKS-
Confederate States of America. Messages of the President. Feb. 3,
16, 17, 19 (2 messages), 20; Apr. 16, 21, 1863 (8 pieces).
Delaware. Journal of the House of Representatives, session of Janu-
ary, 1796. Journals of the Senate, sessions of November, 1792; Jan-
uary, 1793; May, 1793; January, 1794; January, 1795; November,
New Hampshire. Journals of the House of Representatives: Decem-
ber, 1788; June, 1791; November, 1791; December, 1795; June,
1799; December, 1799; June, 1800; June, 1811. Journals of the
36 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Senate: December, 1786; December, 1788; June, 1789; June, 1790;
November, 1791; June, 1794; December, 1795; June, 1797; June,
1798; November, 1798.
New Jersey. Votes and proceedings of the 2ist Assembly, 2d sitting,
New Jersey (Colony). Provincial congress, October, 1775. Journal of
the votes and proceedings of the Provincial congress of New-Jersey,
held at Trenton in the month of October, 1775.
Surveyor general. General instructions by the surveyor gen-
eral to the deputy surveyors of the eastern division of New Jersey.
North Carolina. Journal of the House of Representatives, November,
U. S. Continental congress, 1774, Extracts from the votes and pro-
ceedings of the American Continental congress. Containing the Bill
of rights; a list of grievances; occasional resolves, and the particulars
of the general association entered into by all the colonies. Pub. by
order of the Congress, October 25, 1774. Bristol [Eng.J: Reprinted
and sold by W. Pine.
1774. Extracts from the votes and proceedings of the American
Continental congress, held at Philadelphia on the 5th of September,
1774. Containing the Bill of rights, a list of grievances, occasional
resolves, the association, an address to the people of Great-Britain,
and a memorial to the inhabitants of the British American colonies.
Pub. by order of Congress. Philadelphia: Printed; Boston: Re-
printed by Edes and Gill and T. and J. Fleet, 1774.
1779. A circular letter from the Congress of the United States
of America to their constituents. Philadelphia: Printed September,
1779; Boston: Reprinted by order of the General assembly of the
state of Massachusetts Bay .
1779. Observations on the American revolution. Published
according to a resolution of Congress, by their committee. For the
consideration of those who are desirous of comparing the conduct of
the opposed parties, and the several consequences which have flowed
from it. Philadelphia: Printed; Providence: Reprinted and sold
by Bennett Wheeler, 1780.
Vermont. Journals of the General assembly, 1785, 1802, 1809.
Virginia. Journal of the constitutional convention held at Alexandria,
Americana Historical material relating to the western hemisphere
Blome, Richard. A description of the island of Jamaica, with the
other isles and territories in America, to which the English are re-
lated ... London, Printed by J. B. for Dorman Newman, 1678.
Board of general proprietors of the eastern division of New Jersey.
The case of the Proprietors of East New-Jersey, with the opinions of
counsel on the same. Newark, Printed by W. Tuttle & co., 1825.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 37
Church, Benjamin. The entertaining history of King Philip's war,
which began in the month of June, 1675. As also of expeditions
more lately made against the common enemy, and Indian rebels,
in the eastern parts of New- England; with some account of the
divine providence towards Col. Benjamin Church: by Thomas
Church, esq. his son. 2d ed. Boston: printed, 1716. Newport,
Rhode-Island, Reprinted and sold by S. Southwick, 1772. With
two plates engraved by Paul Revere.
Clinton, Sir Henry. Observations on Mr. Stedman's History of the
American war. London, Printed for J. Debrett, 1794; New York,
The Confederate States almanac, and repository of useful knowledge
for 1865. Mobile, H. C. Clarke .
Council of proprietors of the western division of New-Jersey. The
petitions and memorials of the proprietors of West and East Jersey
to the Legislature of New- Jersey. New York, Printed by S. Kollock
Dickinson, Jonathan. God's protecting providence, man's surest help
and defence in times of greatest difficulty and most imminent
danger, evidences in the remarkable deliverance of Robert Barrow ...
Faithfully related by one of the persons concerned therein, Jonathan
Dickenson ... 6th ed. London, 1787.
7th ed. London, 1790.
Goddard, William. The partnership; or, The history of the rise and
progress of the Pennsylvania chronicle . . . Philadelphia, Printed by
William Goddard in Arch street, 1770.
Jones, John Paul . Life of ... Giving a faithful account of the extraor-
dinary perils, voyages, adventures, etc. London, J. Fairburn, n. d.
Kelly, George Fox. Eight months in Washington; or, Scenes behind
the curtain. 1863.
Knights of the Order of the Sons of Liberty. Original by-laws.
Lincoln, Abraham. A letter from President Lincoln to General Joseph
Hooker, January 26, 1863. Philadelphia. 1879.
A narrative of affairs lately received from his Majesties Island of Ja-
maica: viz. I. Sir Thomas Linch's speech ... II. Samuel Bernard
. . . speech ... III. An humble address from his Majesties
council ... IV. The governour's speech at the proroguing the
assembly. London, Printed for Randal Taylor, 1683.
Prince, Thomas. Extraordinary events the doings of God, and mar-
vellous in Pious eyes, Sermon on the taking of the City of Louis-
bourg ... Bost. Printed: Lond. Reprinted, 1746.
[Welde, Thomas & Winthrop, John.] A short story of the rise, reign
and ruine of the Antinomians, Familist and Libertines, that infected
the churches of New England. Printed for Thos. Parkhurse, 1692.
Zarati, Augustin de. Historia del descubrimiento y Conquista del
Peru, con las cosas naturales que senaladamente alii se gallan, y los
sucessos que la anido. Orig. ed. Anvers, 1555.
38 Report of the Librarian of Congress
PURCHASES: Among many books acquired for the importance of their
Illustrated books ^
illustrations, the following may be noted:
A 'Beckett, Gilbert Abbott. The comic history of England. Lon-
don, Punch Office, 1847-8. 2 vols. ist ed.
- George Cruikshank's Table-book. London, Punch Office,
1845. ist. ed.
Cousin, Jean. Livre de perspectiue. Paris, 1560. Bound by Lortic.
Erasmus, Desiderius. Moriae encomium: or, A panegyrick upon
folly . . . Done into English and illustrated with above fifty curious
cuts, designed and drawn by Hans Holbeine. The second edition.
London, Printed for Charles Rivington, at the Bible and Crown in
St. Paul's church-yard, 1713.
Foote, Samuel. Bon mots of Samuel Foote and Theodore Hook,
edited by Walter Jerrold with grotesques by Aubrey Beardsley.
London, J. M. Dent and Company, 1894.
Fossati, Georgio. Recueil de di verses fables dessinees et gravees
par lui; en italien et en francois. Venise, Pecora, 1744.
Franks, Sir Augustus Wollaston. Notes on bookplates . . . No. i.
English dated bookplates, 1574-1800. [London] Printed for private
distribution [by A. Boot and son] 1887. (Author's autograph pre-
sentation copy to Albert Sutton, Dec. 1888. No more issued.)
Lamb, Charles. Bon-mots of Charles Lamb and Douglas Jerrold
edited by Walter Jerrold with grotesques by Aubrey Beardsley.
London, J. M. Dent and company, 1893.
Poetry of the Anti-Jacobin: comprising the celebrated political and
satirical poems, parodies, and Jeux-d 'esprit of George Canning, etc.
Ed. by C. Edmonds. 26. ed. London, 1854, G. Willis. 6 etch-
ings by Jas. Gillray.
Posthius, Johannes. Johan. Posthii Germershemii Tetrasticha in Ovidii
Metam. Lib. xv. qvibus accesserunt Vergilij Solis figurae elegan-
tiss. &iam primum in lucem editae. 1569.
Smith, Albert. The 'Struggles and adventures of Christopher Tadpole
at home and abroad, ist ed. London, Bentley, 1848. Portrait
of author and 32 etched plates by John Leech.
Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth (Beecher). Uncle Tom's cabin. Twenty-
seven illustrations by George Cruikshank. First English edition.
London, Cassell, 1852.
PURCHASES: Varying widely in subject matter, but having a common
uous interest as valuable acquisitions, are the following:
Dugdale, Sir Wm. Monasticon Anglican um: a history of the Abbies
and other Monasteries, Hospitals, Friaries and Cathedrals and Col-
legiate Churches, with their dependencies in England and Wales,
ed. by J. Caley, etc. 1817-30. 6 vols. in 8.
Heyrick, Thomas. Miscellany poems. Cambridge, Printed by John
Hayes for the author, 1691, Bound with: The submarine voyage.
A pindarick poem in four parts. Cambridge, Printed by John Hayes
for the author, 1691.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Hopkinson, Francis. Science. A poem. Philadelphia, Printed by
William Dunlap in Market Street, 1762.
Martialis, Marcus Valerius. Ex otio Negotium. Or, Martiall his
epigrams translated. With sundry poems and fancies, by R.
Fletcher . . . London, Printed by T. Mabb, for William Shears and
are to be sold at the Bible in Bedford street in Co vent-garden, 1656.
The Benedictional of Saint ^Ethelwold, Bishop of Winchester 963-
984, reproduced in facsimile from the manuscript in the library of
the Duke of Devonshire at Chatsworth and edited with text and
introduction by George Frederic Warner and Henry Austin Wilson.
Oxford, Privately printed for members of the Roxburghe Club, 1910.
Gerard, John. The herball, or General historic of plantes. Gathered
by John Gerarde . . . London, J. Norton, 1597. First edition.
Fuller, Thomas. The history of the worthies of England. London,
The receipts by transfer from governmental libraries in Transfers
the District of Columbia aggregated 21,860 volumes and
pamphlets, 38,758 periodical numbers, and 372 maps and
The accessions from this source included :
The White House
U. S. Senate
U. S. House of Representatives. . .
Department of State
Bureau of Rolls
Department of the Treasury
Bureau of the Mint
Department of War:
Army War College
Coast Artillery School
Surgeon-General 's Office
Bureau of Insular Affairs ....
Post Library at Fort Adams
Department of Justice
Department of the Navy
Naval War College
3 2 5
64394 16 4
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Department of the Interior
Bureau of Education
Bureau of Mines
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Bureau of Foreign and Do-
0? / O
Bureau of Standards
Bureau of Fisheries
Department of Labor:
Bureau of Labor Statistics. . .
Bureau of American Eth-
Pan American Union
Interstate Commerce Commis-
Civil Service Commission. . . .
O / O
Federal Reserve Board
Federal Trade Commission .
Panama Canal Commission .
Boundary Commission. . . .
Commission on Industrial
The number of volumes of surplus copyright deposits
transferred this year to other governmental libraries in the
District of Columbia was 5,589, chiefly current material.
The volumes selected by the beneficiary libraries (not
included in any of the foregoing statistical statements
Report of the Librarian of Congress 41
because they had never been incorporated in the permanent
collections of the Library of Congress) numbered as follows :
District of Columbia Public Library i, 713
Department of Commerce 758
Federal Trade Commission 647
U. S. Engineer School 535
Hygienic Laboratory 416
Bureau of Education 415
Department of Agriculture 335
Surgeon General 's Office 290
Patent Office 153
U. S. Soldiers' Home 144
Bureau of Standards 92
Bureau of Mines 58
Commissioner of Internal Revenue 24
Bureau of Fisheries 8
Interstate Commerce Commission i
DIVISION OP MANUSCRIPTS
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Hunt)
During the past year the accessions in the Manuscript
Division have kept up well with the average of recent years,
both in volume and importance. Speaking from the stand-
point of their value to historical science, such collections
as the papers of Alexander Hamilton, of General Sumter,
of William Learned Marcy, of J. C. Bancroft Davis, of S. F. B.
Morse, and the Taggart collection of documents relating to
the early history of the District of Columbia, the Beaure-
gard letter books, and the 360 log-books of 61 British war
vessels, running from 1808 to 1840, have enriched the
Library's stores to a noteworthy extent.
The Lincoln documents which have been placed with the
Library overshadow in interest any gifts of similar char-
acter which have been made in recent years. An apprecia-
tion of the gift is expressed in the acknowledgment of the
Librarian to the givers printed below.
The additions to the transcripts from foreign archives
have flowed in steadily, and, from the archives in Spain
especially, have assumed gratifying proportions.
42 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Through the temporary employment of an assistant, the
arrangement of the papers in the Division has been accele-
rated materially; indeed, in this important particular the
Division is now in better condition than it ever has been.
The output from the repair section and from the bindery
has continued satisfactorily. The proportion of collections
finally hound is increasing rapidly.
Hamilton pa- j n the annual report for 1915 mention was made of the
gift to the Library, by Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, of
Great Barrington, Massachusetts, of an interesting legal
paper written by his grandfather, Alexander Hamilton.
This paper proved to be the precursor of the transfer to
the Library of all the Alexander Hamilton papers in Dr.
Hamilton's possession that is to say, of the most important
group of Hamilton papers not already in the government's
possession. In 1848 the government bought the papers of
Alexander Hamilton from his descendants, and these have
constituted the main source of information concerning his
career. The intimate family and personal papers and the
papers used in his law practice were not included in the
purchase, however, and remained in the hands of the family
until recently. The greater part of Hamilton's life, after
his graduation from college, was spent as a lawyer. It was
from this, his chosen profession, that he stole the years
which he gave to the public service. Unlike many other
statesmen who were his contemporaries, he had no inherited
landed estate yielding him an income independent of his
public employment. He earned his subsistence by his
practice at the bar, and when he left it to accept military
or civil office his fortunes suffered. Because of his eminence
in public affairs, his law practice included many cases of a
public or political nature, and the law papers which develop
the facts of the cases and the heads of his arguments have
historical value. This is especially true of the large num-
ber of cases in admiralty in which he was employed as
Report of the Librarian of Congress 43
counsel. The Hamilton papers of a personal character re-la 1 1-
to his efforts to establish a country estate, his building
operations, and his family relations. Among the papers
are the decree of the French Assembly making him a citi-
zen of France ; a group of letters to his wife ; the final power
of attorney, which he gave to Church in preparation for the
fatal termination of his duel with Burr, and the two letters
he wrote to his wife, to be delivered to her if he fell. The
Government acquired the law papers by purchase, but the
personal papers were a gift from Dr. Hamilton. At the
same time Dr. Hamilton sent to the Library, Alexander
Hamilton's writing desk, with the request that it be trans-
ferred to the National Museum, where it now is.
The papers of General Thomas Sumter, of South Carolina, Sumter papers
were an unexpected discovery in that State, where they
had lain in private hands and unknown. They had been
brought together by General Sumter's son, Thomas Sum-
ter, jr., minister of the United States to Portugal, and were
acquired from Mrs. Mary Heriot Brounfield, of Summerville,
South Carolina. They are both official and personal in
character. The official papers date from October 6, 1780,
with Governor John Rutledge's letter, transmitting Sumter's
commission as brigadier general of South Carolina forces.
Rutledge's letters are numerous and important as military
history. There is a narrative of Sumter's campaign of 1780,
by Colonel William Hill, which Colonel Hill gave to General
Sumter in 1815. Letters from Generals Smallwood, Greene,
Marion, and others; several rare election addresses and
broadsides; and newspaper notices of General Sumter's
death, June i, 1832, complete the collection.
The papers of William Learned Marcy were deposited Marcy papers
with the Library, without relinquishment of title, by his
descendants, Mrs. Charles S. Sperry and her son, Charles S.
Sperry. Professor Max Farrand, of Yale, acted as the in-
termediary in the Library's behalf. Mr. Marcy held many
44 Report of the Librarian of Congress
public offices, from the local office of recorder of Troy, New
York, to the national office of Secretary of State. He saw
military sendee in the War of 1812 and later was Secretary
of War. He was Judge of the Supreme court of New York
and a Senator of the United States. He impressed himself
upon every position which he held. The papers date from
1806 to 1857, and, as they came to the Library, comprised
58 portfolios and 4 bound volumes. Included is Mr. Marcy's
commonplace book. It begins in 1808, when he was a
senior at Brown University. Marcy's diary from 1831 to
1857 is among the papers, which end with statements con-
cerning the manner of his death. Drafts of letters and
instructions during the Mexican War, many letters dealing
with New York politics, newspaper clippings relating to his
candidacy for the presidential nomination, drafts of diplo-
matic instructions in the Koszta case, and of Presidents'
messages which he wrote are a few of the more important
papers in the collection.
Bancroft Davis j o h n Chandler Bancroft Davis was the son of John Davis,
a Representative in Congress from Massachusetts (1824-
1834); Governor in 1834; Senator (1835-1841); Governor
again in 1841; and again Senator, from 1845 to 1853.
Early in his manhood Bancroft Davis was Secretary of Lega-
tion at London, and acted for a time as Charge d'affaires.
He was Assistant Secretary of State when Hamilton Fish
was Secretary of State and resigned in 1871 to act as agent
of the United States before the Geneva Tribunal of Arbi-
tration under the Treaty of Washington. He was Assistant
Secretary again in 1873 and in 1881. He was American
Minister at Berlin, Judge of the United States Court of
Claims, and Reporter of the Supreme Court of the United
States. He prepared the case of this government before
the Geneva Tribunal; he was the active continuous force
for this government's interests in the arbitration. After its
termination he turned over the official papers to the State
Report of the Librarian of Congress 45
department, but he kept the semi-official and personal
papers. They consist of four volumes of letters received,
four volumes of the journal, three press copy letter books
of letters sent, and four volumes of the Record. The cor-
respondence is with Lord Tenterden, the British agent;
Secretary Fish; the American ministers at London, Adams
and Schenck; the Minister at Paris, Washburne, and at Ber-
lin, George Bancroft, who was Bancroft Davis's uncle, and
many others. The character of the volumes labeled "Rec-
ord" is indicated by the first entry:
December 13, 1871. "I resigned my office as -Assist-
ant Secretary of State and left the Department. On
the morning of the i4th I left Washington for Geneva
to attend the Tribunal of Arbitration as Agent of the
United States. On the i5th I took passage for Mrs.
Davis and myself in the French steamer Washington.' 1
Mrs. Bancroft Davis accompanied her husband on his
mission, and its history includes a tribute to her intelligent
management of the social life of the Tribunal. But, in addi-
tion, she collaborated with her husband in making the valu-
able collection and record which have preserved the history
of the most noteworthy international arbitration of modern
times. The transfer of these papers to the government's
possession is due to Mrs. Davis's appreciation of the useful
purpose they will serve in being made accessible to scholars
in the science of which her husband was recognized as a
The papers of Samuel Finley Breese Morse are a gift to Morse papers
the Government from his son, Edward Lind Morse, and
were used by him in his recent work: "Samuel F. B. Morse;
His letters and journals," Boston and New York, 1914. Of
course, only a part of the papers appear in Mr. Morse's
book. The complete record of the career of the artist and
inventor is in the collected papers, which are now deposited
in this Division.
46 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Tanart papers ffa papers which Hugh T. Taggart collected are the accu-
mulations of a member of the bar of Washington, and an
Assistant United States Attorney, whose greatest interest
was in the history of the cities of Georgetown and Washing-
ton, upon which he became an authority. The papers which
he left, and which the Library has obtained from his estate,
include Minutes of the Proceedings of the Commissioners in
Georgetown, 1751-1789; Minutes of the Levy Court, 1835-
1847; the letter-book of Daniel Carroll of Duddington, 1787-
1799, and miscellaneous papers of Carroll; besides L'Enfant
notes, and interesting correspondence of Taggart himself.
p a - Several years ago the papers of General Pierre Gustave
Toutant Beauregard were offered to the government by a
dealer, who had obtained them, presumably, from General
Beauregard 's descendants. The original papers, however,
seemed to the holder to have such a high value in the auto-
graph market that they could not be brought within the
range of the very moderate sums which the government
pays when it buys collections of papers. A part of the col-
lection, however, comprised 51 volumes of General Beaure-
gard's letter books, dispatch books, private letter books,
and note books; and the holder of the papers consenting to
separate these from the rest of the collection, the Library
was able to acquire them. From the historical standpoint,
they are the cream of the collection. They begin in 1844
and come down to 1883. They embrace the whole period
of General Beauregard's service in the Mexican war; his
letter books from March 18, 1861 ; general orders and special
orders from 1861 ; his miscellaneous letters from January 23,
1 86 1, to April 27, 1865; recorded telegrams and indorse-
ments; private letter books; rough pencil notes made for
his Reminiscences; and scrapbooks of newspaper clippings.
In the report for 1915 was noted the acquisition of the
papers of Colonel and Judge Alfred Roman, of Louisiana,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 47
the friend and biographer of General Beauregard. It com-
prised many important letters from General Beauregard
concerning his military career, and forms a supplement to
the letter books more recently acquired.
The following correspondence, relative to the Lincoln auto- Lincoln
graphic documents, is given entire, without apology, for it
must be of interest to everyone :
2346 MASSACHUSETTS AVENUE
Washington, D. C.
April nth, igi6
To the LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS
DEAR MR. PUTNAM : I have the pleasure of delivering
into your custody this day the following documents in
the handwriting of Abraham Lincoln two copies of the
address delivered at Gettysburg, Pa., on Nov. i9th,
1863, and the Second Inaugural Address.
These manuscripts were owned by President Lin-
coln's Secretary, John Hay, and are presented to the
Government of the United States by his children, Helen
Hay Whitney, Alice Hay Wadsworth and myself.
Yours very sincerely
/s/ CLARENCE L. HAY
The Library received the following from Miss Helen
Nicolay, the daughter of John G. Nicolay, the co-author,
with John Hay, of the Life of Abraham Lincoln:
Washington, D. C.
April n, 1016
Mr. HERBERT PUTNAM
Librarian of Congress
DEAR MR. PUTNAM: It gives me great pleasure to
add this very characteristic Lincoln MS. the Memo-
randum of August 23, 1864 to the treasures of the
Manuscripts Division of the Library of Congress.
/s/ HELEN NICOLAY
4& Report of the Librarian of Congress
To these letters the following replies were sent :
APRIL n, 1916
DEAR MR. HAY: You have handed to me this morn-
ing, with your note stating that you do so in behalf of
your sisters, Mrs. Whitney and Mrs. Wadsworth, as
well as yourself, the original draft of Abraham Lincoln's
second inaugural address, and the two drafts, by him,
of his address at Gettysburg. Together with the memo-
randum (as to the improbability of his reelection)
coincidently presented by Miss Nicolay, they are, I
think, the most precious individual documents that have
been entrusted to me during the seventeen years that I
have been in charge of the Library priceless relics of
one of the noblest figures of history and I can not
refrain from coupling the formal acknowledgment,
which I enclose, with a warm appreciation of the patri-
otic action of yourself and your sisters, in making the
Government the permanent custodian of them.
We shall value them the more because of their asso-
ciation with your father, in whose possession they
remained so long treasured.
I beg that you will communicate this appreciation to
your sisters, with my wish that it were more adequate
to the occasion.
Very sincerely yours
/s/ HERBERT PUTNAM
CLARENCE L. HAY, Esq.
2346 Massachusetts A venue
Washington, D. C.
APRIL n, 1916
DEAR Miss NICOLAY: Your presentation to the
Library, this morning, of the memorandum by President
Lincoln, mentioned in the enclosed formal acknowledg-
ment, coincidently with the presentation by Mr. Hay
and his sisters of the two drafts of the Gettysburg
address and of the original draft of the second inaugural,
grouped into one occasion what I have expressed to
Mr. Hay as the most precious individual documents
Report of the Librarian of Congress 4^
that have been entrusted to me since I took office
seventeen years ago. An event such as this adds to
the office a relish upon which I need scarcely expatiate ;
and I could not refrain from adding to the formal
acknowledgment this more personal word of appre-
# * * ' * *
/s/ HERBERT PUTNAM
Miss HELEN NICOLAY
The documents thus generously presented to the Govern-
ment are: the two drafts of the Gettysburg Address, which
Mr. Lincoln prepared shortly before he delivered it ; the draft
of the second inaugural address; and the memorandum
which he prepared, August 23, 1864, in which he stated that
it seemed probable that he would lose the coming election,
in which event he would cooperate with the President-elect
to save the Union. This memorandum he sealed at the
time, and each member of the Cabinet, at his request,
indorsed it, without knowing what it contained. After the
election the seal was broken, and the memorandum read to
Soon after these documents were given to the Library,
another Lincoln manuscript the last words written by
him was sent to the Library, as a deposit, by Mr. Josiah
Hedden, of Spring Lake Beach, New Jersey, whose letter
26TH APRIL, 1916
GAILLARD HUNT, Esqre
Chief of Manuscripts
Library oj Congress, Washington, D. C.
DEAR SIR: The writer, a grandson of the late George
Ashmun, of Springfield, Massachusetts, is the holder of
the last writing and autograph of President Abraham
Lincoln, and deeming the Library of Congress the most
fit place for safe guarding and at the same time exhibit-
50 Report of the Librarian of Congress
ing it for the benefit of the public and those interested
in such an historic record, I, as representing the grand-
children of Mr. Ashmun, am desirous of loaning the
autograph to your Library if you are willing to accept
it. The facts as to how Mr. Ashmun came into posses-
sion of the card are authentic, and are briefly stated in
the enclosed newspaper article, which also shows a
photograph of the original, the manner in which It is
mounted and preserved, under glass, the frame being
i8X" * 14", and I would state the writing, though in
pencil, is almost as clear as on the evening it was
written. The autograph has never been outside of our
family, and, from its associations, we have always
considered it a priceless relic.
If you will advise me if your Library cares to have the
card as above, it will afford me much pleasure to entrust
it to your keeping, and I will forward it upon hearing
Very truly yours
/s/ JOSIAH HEDDEN
The following is an extract from the newspaper referred
to by Mr. Hedden the Springfield (Massachusetts) Sunday
Republican, of January 10, 1909:
About 8 o'clock that Friday evening Mr. Ashmun
called at the White House to see President Lincoln, and
found him about to set out with his official party for the
theater. Mr. Ashmun's close acquaintance with the
President served to give him an audience even at that
time, and when he had stated his errand Mr. Lincoln
told him to call and see him about it at 9 o'clock the
following morning. Mr. Ashmun assented to the ap-
pointment, but suggested that he would have difficulty
in gaining admittance to the President at that hour in
the morning unless he was equipped with a special note
of admittance. Thereupon Mr. Lincoln wrote the fol-
lowing note, which he gave to Mr. Ashmun, and then
started out for the theater:
Allow Mr. Ashmun & friend to come in at
9 a. m. to-morrow.
April 14, 1865.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 51
Within two hours from the time the card of admission
was written for Ashmun the derringer bullet from the
assassin's pistol had plunged through the brain of the
The transcripts from British sources continue to come in Transcri
steadily. They are from the Public Record Office (Colonial chives
Office, Audit Office, War Office, State papers Domestic,
and Home Office series); the British Museum, Additional
Manuscripts (Newcastle papers) ; Fulham Palace manu-
scripts and Lambeth Palace manuscripts. They date from
1577 to 1783, the greater number being for the period of
the middle of the eighteenth century. The most ancient
documents copied in Lambeth Palace are in 1595, and relate
to voyages and discoveries. The Lambeth Palace tran-
scripts include an account of Porto Rico.
The French archives received in the past year number
some 7,000 pages, from the Archives Nationales, Colonies,
being correspondence between the home office and colonial
officials in Louisiana chiefly with Bienville from 1731 to
The Spanish transcripts are all from the Archives of the
Indies at Seville. They number about 10,000 pages, and
pertain to the early history of the southwest. It is probable
that the work of copying for this part of our colonial history
will be completed during the next year, and that a considera-
ble beginning will have been made in transcribing documents
pertaining to the discovery, the revolution, and the admin-
istration of other Spanish colonies which are now a part of
the United States. The wealth of material in the Spanish
archives forbids any prognostication of the extent of pages
which will be covered before the work is finished, or the time
which it will occupy.
The various collections in the Manuscript Division were Manuscripts
used over 700 times during the fiscal year 1915-16.
The miscellaneous personal papers of statesmen, soldiers:
John Jordan Crittenden, William L. Marcy, John McLean,
Report of the Librarian of Congress
William Plumer, George B. McClellan, William T. Sherman,
the Breckinridge papers, and others were used 245 times.
Other collections were used as follows :
Papers of the Continental Congress .............................. 68
Washington ................................................... 59
Jefferson ...................................................... 47
Van Buren .................................................... 26
Polk .......................................................... 22
Jackson ........................................................ 16
Madison .................................................. .... 12
Hamilton ................................ ............... ...... 9
John Paul Jones ...................... ..................... ... 8
United States Navy ............................................ 10
Economic material ............................................. 16
Colonial material .............................................. 8
Virginia .................................... -. .................. 25
(And papers of other states from one to half a dozen times.)
House of Representatives collection ............................. 12
Journals and Diaries ............................................ 10
British transcripts ............................................. 39
French transcripts ............................................. 12
Stevens' Index and Facsimiles .................................. 12
Broadsides ..................................................... 23
Various miscellaneous collections ............................... 23
DIVISION OP DOCUMENTS
(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Harris)
During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1916, the acces-
sions to the Library through the Division of Documents
were as follows:
Received by virtue of law
Gifts of the Government of the
United States in all its branches .
Gifts of State governments
Gifts of local governments
Gifts of foreign Governments (inter-
Gifts of corporations and associations
Total recorded. ..
2 5 6
7 } 95
Report of the Librarian of Congress
By purchase, exchange, deposit, and
transfer (counted in Order Divi-
By binding periodicals
53. I2 3
In addition to the above, 961 maps and charts have been
received by official donation.
The total number of volumes and pamphlets handled
during the year was 53,123, as compared with 46,043 in
1914-15 and 42,064 in 1913-14. There has been the usual
variation in the number of items received from different
sources; the increase in the current year was due to special
receipts from want lists sent to countries with which the
United States maintains international exchange relations,
especially South American.
During the year special want lists were sent to the fol-
lowing countries: Barbados, Belgium, Canada, China, Colom-
bia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Egypt, Federated Malay states,
France, Great Britain, Italy, New Brunswick, Newfound-
land, New South Wales, Northwest Territory, Peru, Prince
Edward Island, Prussia, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Western
Pacific Islands. In addition, special want lists to complete
the files of official gazettes and legislative journals were sent
to: Amsterdam, Bermuda, British East Africa, British North
Borneo, Cyprus, Dublin, Falkland Islands, Federated Malay
States, Fiji, Gambia, Gibraltar, Gold Coast colony, Haiti,
Hong Kong, Labuan, Leeward Islands, Mauritius, Nether-
lands, Nederlandsch-Indie, Nigeria, Nyasaland Protecto-
rate, Papua, Sarawak, Seychelles, Shanghai, Sierra Leone,
Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda protectorate, Weihai
wei, Windward Islands, and Zanzibar.
54 Report of the Librarian of Congress
DOCUMENTS: j n addition to the regular consignments from the 92
countries on the international exchange list, the following
shipments of documents were received in response to special
requests: Alberta, 16 volumes and pamphlets; Argentina,
190 volumes and pamphlets; Bahamas, 20 volumes and
pamphlets; Barbados, 6 volumes; Bermuda, 17 volumes;
Bolivia, 198 volumes and pamphlets; Brazil, 133 volumes
and pamphlets; British Columbia, 10 volumes and pam-
phlets; British Guiana, 42 volumes; Cape of Good Hope, 129
volumes and pamphlets; Chile, 584 volumes and pamphlets,
and 64 maps; China, 162 volumes and pamphlets; Colom-
bia, 130 volumes and pamphlets; Costa Rica, 365 volumes
and pamphlets; Cuba, 196 volumes and pamphlets; Ecua-
dor, 148 volumes and pamphlets; Fiji, 54 volumes and pam-
phlets; France, 395 volumes and pamphlets; Italy, 42 vol-
umes and pamphlets; India and Provinces, 2,266 volumes
and pamphlets; Jamaica, 28 volumes and pamphlets;
Japan, 196 volumes and pamphlets; Mexico, n volumes;
Netherlands, 24 volumes; New South Wales, 761 volumes
and pamphlets; Orange River Colony, 6 volumes; Panama,
300 volumes and pamphlets; Peru, 456 volumes and pam-
phlets; Portugal, 429 volumes and pamphlets; Quebec, 64
volumes; Queensland, 157 volumes and pamphlets; Rhode-
sia, 59 volumes and pamphlets; Russia, 835 volumes and
pamphlets, and 6 maps; Scotland, 63 volumes; South
Australia, 58 volumes and pamphlets; Spain, 293 volumes
and pamphlets; Sudan, 14 volumes and pamphlets; Tasma-
nia, 15 volumes; Transvaal, 37 volumes and pamphlets;
Trinidad, 65 volumes; Union of South Africa, 77 volumes
and pamphlets; Venezuela, 294 volumes and pamphlets;
Victoria, 3 volumes; Weihaiwei, 12 pamphlets; and Western
Pacific Islands, 36 pamphlets^
Latin-American The special feature of the activities of the Division during
the year was an effort to complete the files of official pub-
lications of the Latin American countries. The visit of
Report of the Librarian of Congress 55
Dr. E. M. Borchard to these countries offered an oppor-
tunity to call the attention of their governments to the
needs of the Library in this field and the results of Dr.
Borchard's efforts were highly gratifying. The Library's
collection of Latin American documents may now be con-
sidered one of its important features. Among the valuable
items secured may be mentioned the series of volumes
containing the proceedings of the arbitration of a number
of boundary disputes, early issues of legislative journals
(especially those for Argentina), early volumes of official
gazettes (particularly the Venezuela Gazette 1827 to 1869),
long files of annual reports of ministries and a large number
of special monographs. It is hoped that the cordial rela-
tions established with the various South American govern-
ment offices will also lead to larger receipts in the future.
The number of countries on the international exchange list
was reduced from 92 to 91, at the request of one of the gov-
ernments which found itself, for special reasons, unable to
provide the facilities needed for the United States publica-
tions. Negotiations are now under way to establish a
The receipts of official publications of the states of the
United States were about the same as for the last few years.
The extent of the receipts since the creation of the Division
of Documents is as follows:
I O2 3
191 I 12
IQI2 17. .
. . o, 481;
. o, 6^4
101=; 16. .
. o, 6i<c
1008 o. .
. 3. X4.
The success of the Library in securing these publications
is, of course, due to the publication of the Monthly List of
State Publications compiled in this Division. As most of
the state legislatures meet in the odd-numbered years, the
64394 16 5
Report of the Librarian of Congress
point has apparently been reached when the number of
publications received is affected by the convening of the
During the year 7,433 volumes were sent to the bindery.
The number of duplicates eliminated and turned over to
the Order Division for exchange with other libraries was
18,417 (7,401 volumes and 11,016 pamphlets).
(From the report of the Law Librarian, Dr. Borchard)
The accessions during the year were as follows:
I,8 9 I
By gift and transfer
Total contents of Law Library ....
The most noteworthy accessions have been:
ARGENTINA. Jurisprudencia civil. Fallos y disposiciones de la
excma. Camara de apelaciones de la capital. Buenos Aires, 1882-
1914. 204 vols. Corrientes. Autos y sentencias del S. Tribunal de
justicia de la excma. C. de apelaciones ... Corrientes, 1901-1906.
14 vol. La Plata. Fallos de la Camara federal de apelacion de La
Plata. Buenos Aires, 1902-1909. (1902-1906.) 16 vols.
BOLIVIA. Coleccion oficial de leyes, decretos, ordenes, resoluciones
... La Paz, 1834-1865. (1825-1863.) 23 vols. El anuario. Pu-
blicado por Felix Reyes Ortiz ... La Paz, 1855-1914. (1855-1913.)
FRANCE. Journal des tribunaux de commerce ... Paris, 1852-1915.
PERU. Leyes y resoluciones ... Por Ricardo Aranda (and others).
Lima, 1870-1906. (1868-1905.) 17 vols. Quiros and Nieto. Colec-
cion de leyes, decretos y ordenes. Lima, 1831-1853. (1821-1851.)
Report of the Librarian of Congress 57
SPAIN. Coleccion legislativa ... (to complete sets). 1860-1897. 4 1
PERIODICALS. " El derecho, ' ' Revista de legislacion y jurisprudencia.
Lima, 1885-1909. (1885-1909.) 14 vols. Revista de direito civil,
commercial e criminal ... Dirigida pelo Dr. Antonio Bento de
Faria ... Rio de Janeiro, 1906-1915. 37 vols. Revista forense.
Doutrina, legislacao e jurisprudencia ... Bello Horizonte, 1904-
1914. 21 vols.
Special accessions by gift :
COSTA RICA. Coleccion de las leyes, decretos y ordenes ... 1851-
1913 (to complete sets). San Jose, 185 1-[ 19 14]. (Partly purchased).
24 vols. Boletin judicial. Organo del Departamento de justicia de
la Republica. San Jose, 1897-1910. 23 vols. Sentencias de la
corte de casacion . . . San Jose, 1906-1915. (1906-1915.) 19 vols.
CUBA. Coleccion legislativa. Habana, 1911-1915. (1905-1912.)
vols. 14-37. 2 4 vols. Jurisprudencia del Tribunal supremo. Ha-
bana, 1908-1915. (1899-1907.) 34 vols.
PANAMA (State). Leyes espedidas por la Asamblea lejislativa del
Estado de Panama. Panama, 1848-1903. (1848-1903.) (Title
varies.) 17 vols.
RUSSIA. Svod zakonov Rossiisko? Imperii (with supplements). Pet-
rograd, 1908-1915. 31 vols.
The plan of acquiring one copy of all session laws prior Slate Cession
laws and reports
to 1800, two copies from 1800 to 1839, and three copies
from 1840 to date has been carried forward substantially
during the year. The publication of our want list and dupli-
cate list has contributed greatly to filling our needs, so that
at the present moment our collections are nearly complete.
Our aim to complete three sets of the law reports of the
different states is also approaching fulfillment.
The lack of adequate shelf room at the Law Library to Rearrangement
accommodate the continual increase in the publication ofxjw '
legal literature of all classes has again necessitated the re-
moval of many books from the Law Library to the collec-
tions in the main building. Steel shelving would add
greatly to our accommodations for books, aside from other
advantages to be obtained from such shelving. Its need is
becoming more evident from year to year.
Nearly the entire collection of American and English Recataioguing
treatises has now been recatalogued, good progress in the E^faUaw
58 Report of the Librarian of Congress
work having been made. On the new printed cards the
subject headings adopted by the Library have been added,
and, as an increasing number of law libraries is subscribing
for our cards or using our scheme of subject headings,
printed in 1911, our work is aiding materially in bringing
about standardization among law-library catalogues. Dur-
ing the coming year the effort will be made to proceed with
the cataloguing of other parts of the collection.
Owing to insufficiency of personnel it was found impossible
during the year to resume the important work of cataloguing
the colonial statutes which was begun by Mr. White and
carried out for Connecticut and Massachusetts. By coop-
eration with the Catalogue Division it may be found possible
during the coming year to resume this work.
Supreme Court Much progress has been made in the binding of the United
States Supreme Court records and briefs into volumes follow-
ing the order in which the decisions are printed in the United
States reports. This has necessitated rebinding the Car-
penter collection, in which desired briefs and records are now
to be found only with difficulty. A large part of the work
still remains to be done; it will be continued until completed.
Foreign law While steady progress has been made in completing the
session laws, codes, law reports, compilations and treatises of
the countries of Europe and their colonies, the most note-
worthy feature of the year has been the important additions
which have been made to our collections of Latin American
law. By a joint arrangement between the Department of
Commerce and the Library of Congress, the Law Librarian
was enabled to make a trip of five months through the
countries of Latin America, in the course of which Argentina,
Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panama,
Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela were visited. In each country
the legal literature was considered with local lawyers and
scholars and the most desirable material purchased or received
as gifts. Large collections of legal material and official docu-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 59
ments were obtained by gift through the courtesy of various
national librarians and the heads of different government
departments. By reason of these accessions we possess
substantially complete sets of the session laws, law reports,
codes, important commentaries and treatises of the countries
visited except for state and provincial material in Argen-
tina, Brazil, and Venezuela and by aid of correspondence
and the assistance of local lawyers in the other countries of
Latin America our collections for these countries are rapidly
being augmented. It seems appropriate that occasion be
here taken to acknowledge the helpful service in the com-
pletion of the collections of the following gentlemen :
Argentina: Dr. Jose Leon Suarez, professor at the law
school of Buenos Aires, publicist, and jurist; Sefior Felix A.
Carrie, the Librarian of Congress; Dr. O. Staub, of the Inter-
national exchange office; Dr. Honorio Pueyrredon, Dr.
Estanislao Zeballos, and Dr. Luis M. Drago, jurists, and
Bolivia: Sefior Agustin de Rada, Secretary of the Cham-
ber of deputies; Manuel Ordonez Lopez, Secretary of the
Senate; Hon. Perry Belden, Charge d'affaires of the United
States; Dr. Bautista Saavedra, attorney at law; Dr. Manuel
Vicente Ballivian, Chief of the Bureau of statistics and inter-
national exchange; Dr. Alberto Cortadellas, Under-Secretary
of foreign affairs.
Brazil: Dr. Manoel Cicero Peregrino da Silva, Director of
the National library; Dr. Rodrigo Octavio, professor, publi-
cist, and jurist; and Senator Ruy Barbosa.
Chile: Sefior Carlos Silva Cruz, Director of the National
library; Dr. Julio Philippi, professor and attorney at law;
Dr. Enrique Fostor, Judge of the Supreme court ; Dr. Moists
Vargas, Under-Secretary of public works; Dr. Alejandro Al-
varez, Counselor of the foreign office; Dr. Castro Ruiz,
Under-Secretary of foreign affairs; and Sefior Manuel Fos-
ter, attorney at law.
60 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Colombia: Dr. Jose Vicente Concha, President of Colom-
bia; Dr. Arturo Quijano, jurist; and Hon. Thaddeus Thomp-
son, United States minister.
Costa Rica: Dr. Luis Anderson, statesman, diplomat, and
jurist; Dr. Leonidas Pacheco, Speaker of the House and
attorney at law; Sefior Julio Acosta, Minister of foreign
affairs; Sefior Carlos Pacheco, Chief of the International ex-
change office; Dr. Edward J. Hale, Minister of the United
States; and Dr. Manuel Aragon, professor at the university.
Cuba: Hon. William E. Gonzales, United States minister;
Dr. Pablo Desvernine, Minister of foreign affairs; and Dr.
Antonio S. Bustamante, professor, publicist, and jurist.
Panama: Hon. William Jennings Price, Minister of the
United States; Sefior Ernesto T. Lefevre, Minister of foreign
affairs; Sefior Juan B. Sosa, Minister of the interior; and Dr.
Harmodio Arias, publicist, and attorney at law.
Peru: Dr. Luis Ulloa, Director of the National library;
Dr. Manuel V. Villardn, attorney at law; Dr. Eleodoro Ro-
mero, Dean of the Law school; Dr. Victor M. Maurtua, pub-
licist, diplomat, and jurist; Dr. Arturo Garcia, Librarian of
the Ministry of foreign affairs.
Uruguay: Dr. Manuel B. Otero, Minister of foreign affairs;
Dr. Daniel Garcia Acevedo, publicist, and attorney at law;
Sefior Juan Daquo, Librarian of the Faculty of law; and
Mr. Arthur Schoenfeld, Secretary of the American legation.
Venezuela: Hon. Preston McGoodwin, Minister of the
United States; Dr. Manuel Segundo Sanchez, Director of the
National library; Dr. Demetrio Lossada Dias, Chief of Bu-
reau of the Ministry of foreign affairs; Dr. Pedro Arcaya,
Minister of the interior; Dr. Alfredo Machado-Hernandez
and Dr. Julio Blanco Uztariz, attorneys at law; Sefior F.
Jimenez Arraiz, Librarian of Congress; and Dr. Santiago
Key-Ayala, Librarian of the Ministry of foreign affairs.
Guide to foreign At the end of 1915 the " Guide to the law and legal litera-
ture of Spain" was published. The cooperation of Harvard
Report of the Librarian of Congress
by granting to Mr. Thomas W. Palmer, Jr., a Sheldon fellow-
ship for the preparation of this work has been mentioned
in the Annual reports of 1913 and 1914.
The Harvard Law School has promised to cooperate
further with us in the enterprise of publishing these guides
to foreign law by assigning another Sheldon fellowship to
a graduate student who shall devote a year to the necessary
study for the preparation of a "Guide to the law and legal
literature of France." The student is to be designated by
the University in 1917. It is proposed that he spend a por-
tion of the year in study in the Law Division of the Library
of Congress and complete his studies in France, thereupon
undertaking the preparation of the Guide under the direc-
tion of the Law Librarian on the order of the Guides for
Germany and Spain previously published.
On the basis of the studies made in South America and
the material acquired a "Guide to the law and legal litera-
ture of Argentina, Brazil, and Chile" is now in course of
preparation. It is hoped that the guide will be published
before the end of the fiscal year.
DIVISION OF MAPS AND CHARTS
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Phillips)
The following tables, A and B, respectively show the
number of accessions for the year and the total number of
pieces in the Map Division:
A Accessions, July I, 1915, to June jo, 1916
62 Report of the Librarian of Congress
TABLE B Total number of pieces in Map Division, June jo, igi6
sions, 19 1 6
Sheet maps including pocket maps
These tables do not include the total number of sheets
in the Sanborn insurance collection, the British Ordnance
survey, and the Egyptian survey, which number as follows:
Sanborn insurance maps
Accessions Since the publication of volume 3 of "A list of geographical
atlases," in 1914, 730 atlases, in 916 volumes, have been
added to the collection, making a total of 4,817 complete
atlases in 5,881 volumes. All these additions have been
catalogued and may eventually be printed as volume 4 to the
"List of geographical atlases."
The following are the most important accessions:
Aa, P. van der. Nouvel atlas. 1714.
Arnout, J. Paris, vues et monuments [1855?]
Atlantic Neptunes. (2 copies, i5th and i6th)
Atlas Catalan. 1375. Facsimile by J. A. C. Buchon & J. Tastu.
Bodenehr, G. Supplement ... zu dem atlas ctirieux [1738?]
Boyer, A. The draughts of the most remarkable fortified towns of
Braun, G. Theatre des cites du monde. 6 vols. in 2. [1564-1620]
Report of the Librarian of Congress 63
Brouckner, I. Der erste preussische seeatlas. 1749. Reprint. 1912.
Burr, D. H. American atlas. 1839.
Carey, H. C. and Lea, I. Complete historical, chronological and geo-
graphical American atlas. 1823.
Carey, M. American pocket atlas. 1813.
- General atlas. 1817.
- Picturesque views of American scenery. 1820.
Cellarius, A. Harmonia macrocosmica. 1708.
Chiquet, J. Nouveau atlas francois. 1719.
Cluver, P. Introductio in universam geographicam. 1641.
- Same. 1659.
- Same. 1697.
Collins, G. Great Britain's coasting pilot. 1723.
- Same. 1744.
Delarochette, L. S. d'A. South America. 1818.
Eight original water color sketches in Guadeloupe. 1820. ms.
Fay, T. S. Views of New York and environs. 1831.
Fer, N. de. Theatre de la guerre ... aux environs du Rhein. 1705.
Goos, P. Lighting colomne, or sea-mirrour. 1660-61..
Great Britain. India Office. [Indian atlas] 2 vols. 1827-1862.
Homann heirs. Maior atlas scholastic us. 1752-1773.
Husson, P. Variae tabulae geographicae. 
Jefferys, T. West India islands. 1795.
Kitchin, T. General atlas. 1777-
- Same. 
Lane, M., Cook, J., and others. Pilote de Terre Neuve. 1784.
Laurie, R., and Whittle, J. Complete East India pilot. 1803.
- Same. 1810.
Loon, J. van, and Voogt, C. J. Nieuwe groote lichtende zeefackel.
Martini, M. Novus atlas Sinensis. fr. ed. 
Mercator, G. Atlas minor. 1608.
- Historia mundi. 1637.
Milbert, J. G. Itineraire pittoresque du fleuve Hudson. [1828-29]
Moll, H. Atlas minor. 1763?
- Set of thirty-two maps of Europe. [1727?]
Nolin, J. B. Atlas general. 1783.
Norman, J. American pilot. 1794.
Ottens, R. Atlas maior. [1729?] 7 vols.
Ptolemy, C. Geographia. Nuremberg, 1514.
Quad, M. Europae totius orbis terrarum partis praestantissimae.
Robert de Vaugondy, D. Atlas universel. 1757-
Roux, J. Recueil des principaux plans des ports ... de la mer Medi-
Sanson, N. Cartes generates. 1658.
- Afrique en plusieurs cartes. 1656.
Schenk, P., and Valck, G. Atlantis sylloge compendiosa. 1709.
64 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Seller, J. Atlas maritimus. [1670?]
Simpson, W. Seat of war in the East. 2 vols. 1855-56.
Smyth, H. [Views of the most remarkable places in the gulf of St.
Tavernier, M. Carte d'Alemagne. 1635.
Atlas geographique de France. 1638.
Waghenaer, L. J. Spieghel der zeevaerdt. 1585.
Wells, E. New sett of maps. [1738?]
Wytfliet, C. Histoire universelle des Indes Occidentales et Orientales.
Zeiler, M. Topographia Helvetiae. 1654.
Topographia electorata Brandeburgici. 1652?
Topographia Italiae. 1688.
Among the above, one especially to be noted is:
Ottens, Reiner. Atlas maior cvm generates omnivm totivs
orbis ... Amstelaedami, apud viduam ac filios loachimi Ottens [and]
Reinervm et losvam Ottens. [no date]
This atlas is not dated, but after a careful examination of
each map, in volume i there is found a map of Norway
dated 1729, which is probably the date of the compilation.
This work which was evidently the monumental work of
these publishers, contains a total of 907 maps. They are
maps by the most distinguished cartographers of the various
countries of the world, such as Blaeu, Visscher, Delisle,
Jaillot, Nolin, Fer, Homann, Allard, and many others,
gathered together and published in these seven volumes.
Volume 7 contains the American material and has the Ottens
view of the city of New York, which in itself sells as a sepa-
rate for one-third of the amount given for the whole collec-
tion. All these maps are colored by hand, and form a col-
lection which is most interesting and valuable. The only
other example of the work known is mentioned by P. A.
Tiele in his Nederlandsche Bibliographic, as being in the Uni-
versity Library at Amsterdam.
Copyright maps The clippings f rom the copyright bulletin relating to maps
and atlases now number 35,295 cards. This important work
gives an up-to-date list of all copyrighted maps and atlases
Report of the Librarian of Congress 65
from 1897 to the present date. The old copyrighted maps,
which comprise many thousands, issued previous to 1897,
are still being overhauled, and our labors this year have been
rewarded by finding 735 maps which had never been turned
in to this Division.
Letters are still being forwarded to county surveyors, County maps
requesting information relating to county maps and atlases.
From the information received in answer to these circulars,
the Library of Congress has purchased 154 maps and 3
atlases; 143 maps have been received as gifts. In all, 1,226
answers have been made to these requests. Every effort
has been made to add to our already rich collection of such
material, which is being continually consulted by the various
departments of the government.
A number of maps both in original and' photostat copies E*fitio**
were exhibited at the Panama-Pacific International Expo-
sition, 1915, San Francisco, and at the Panama National
Exposition, 1915-16, Panama. These exhibits created con-
Only one publication has gone forth from this Division Publications
during the past year. It is entitled ' ' Notes on the cataloging,
care, and classification of maps and atlases, including a list
of the publications compiled in the Division of Maps and
Charts." This little pamphlet, which has been distributed
generally to the various libraries throughout the country,
has not only given information to the rapidly increasing
interest in map classification, but has also supplied in a con-
venient form an answer to the numerous correspondents
requesting such information.
Two papers are now ready to go to press, which, although Cali f ornia list
containing local titles, are of national interest. The first is
entitled "A descriptive list of maps of California and San
Francisco to 1865 inclusive." While this list describes only
the maps which carry the name of California, it incidentally
touches on maps pertaining to the early explorations of the
66 Report of the Librarian of Congress
western coast. The second list "A descriptive list of maps
Washington list and views of Washington and District of Columbia, including
Mount Vernon," which describes all the maps and views of
the national capital, in its manuscript form has been used by
the government in many of its local land cases, and will be
of greater usefulness when printed.
European -war Efforts haVC beCI1 made tO add tO the Collection the best
maps relating to the present European war. While the
various departments of the government have made extensive
use of the material, our requests for these maps from readers
have been few. This is probably due to the excellent maps
published in the daily papers, and to the wide selection
exhibited in the Periodical Division.
MAPS: The following is a list of the noteworthy map accessions
cesshms added to our collection, mostly by purchase, during the
Map of Yazoo co., South Carolina. 1791. By A. Moultrie. ms.
Map on parchment covering Hudson river to Fort Kdwards. Drawn
by William Harper, ms.
Ms. map made by general P G. T. Beauregard, relating to Mexico.
Baltimore harbor. 1816? By J. Johnson, ms.
San Francisco, California. 1849. By W. M. Eddy. ms.
Nine ms. views of Washington, D. C.
Large colored map ot New Orleans, ms.
View of New Orleans, 1852. Pub. by D. W. Moody. Drawn by J. W.
Hill and Smith.
View of Fort Monroe, Old Point Comfort and Hygeia hotel. 1861.
By E. Sachse.
Views of the Hudson river. Published by Henry I. Megarey. (20
Plan oi Charlestown, S. C. 1704. Edw d . Crisp.
1671. Jos. Samson.
1790? J. Lodge, sculp. Jos. Samson, scribe.
Charlestown with its entrenchments and those made during the siege
by the English. 1780.
Mapp of ye improved part of Pensilvania in America. 1681. By
Correct map of Connecticut. Engraved by Amos Doolittle for dr.
Trumbull's history. of Connecticut. 1797.
Maiorca Minorca Regno di Napoli Constantinople and vicinity
Rheinstrom. To complete Lafrery's atlas.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 67
New York and New Jersey with part of Pennsylvania drawn by major
Holland, engraved by Hen. Contgen. Frankfort, H. L. Broenner,
Carte d'Amerique. 1776. By A. Clouet.
General map of the British Colonies in America. 1755. By Lewis
Map of the state of Virginia. 1864. Pub. by West and Johnston.
Map of the military division of the West. 1864. (General P. G. T.
Lloyd's official map of the state of Tennessee. 1862. By J. T. Lloyd.
Map of eastern Virginia, compiled from the best authorities and printed
at the Coast Survey Office. 1862.
Map of the Confederate lines from Fort Gregg to Mrs. Price's. Made
under the direction of brig. -gen. W. H. Stevens.
Map of the United States. 1834. By Amos Lay.
Sketch of the positions of the British and American forces during the
operations against New Orleans. 1815. By John Peddie.
Map of the state of Louisiana. 1838. By Catesby Graham.
Map of the United States. 1820. By John Melish.
Map of the United States. 1829. By James Whitelan.
Map of New York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey. 1830. By E.
Map of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. 1829. By E.
Collection of 30 maps (incl. 22 ms.) relating to Mexico.
Territory of Orleans. 1805. By B. Lafon.
Map of the Morris purchase of Western Geneseo ... exhibiting the
several tracts of land purchased by the Holland land company, 1804.
Large ms. map of the Northwest territory. 1851. By "T. De Smet.
A number of maps which are of great interest to this Noteworthy re-
Division are found in other libraries, and efforts have been
made to secure photographic copies of them. A list of such
additions is given below:
Fleuve St. Louis ci-devant Mississippi releve ... par le sieur Diron 1'an
1719, depuis la Nouvelle-Orleans ... jusqu'au village Cahokia. Origi-
nal in Bibliutheque nationale, Paris.
Carte nouvelle et tres exacte d'une partie de la Louisianne et de 1'isle
de Cuba en 1718. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Plan de la baye de St. Joseph tir par Jean Beranger, le i er may, 1718.
Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Carte du golfe de Mexique et des isles de Barlovento ... par Juan las
Caiz a la Vera Cruz, 1718. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Plan de Pensacola et des deux forts espagnols pris par 1 'escadre de
mr. de Chamelin, le 9 de septembre, 1719. Original in D6part. de
la marine, Paris.
68 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Partie de la coste de la Floride ou se trouve 1 'embouchure de la riviere
de Missisipi ... Paris, Moullart-Sanson, 1719. Original in Biblio.
Carte de la cote de la Louisiane depuis 1 'embouchure du Mississippi
jusqu'a la baye de S. Joseph, 1719-1720. Original in Depart, de la
Carte nouvelle de la partie de 1'ouest de la province de la Louisiane,
sur les observations et decouvertes du sieur Benard de la Harpe,
1720. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Carte de la coste de la Louisiane depuis la baye de St. Louis ... jusqu'a
celle de St. Joseph, 1719-1720, par Devin. Original in Biblio.
Carte reduite des isles de I'Amerique et du golfe du Mexique ... par
Philippe Buache, 1724. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Map of East and West Florida ... par Charles Cloard, 1739. Original
in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Plan de la ville et port St. Augustine. [1742?] Original in Depart.
de la marine, Paris.
East of St. Augustine, town, castle and forces before it. [1743?]
Original in British Museum.
Part of Florida. [1743?] Original in British Museum.
Piano de la nueva colonia de S. Luis Potosi. [1750?] Original in
Port de Pensacola dans le golfe du Mexique.  Original in
Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Carte des environs du fort Louis et de Pensacola. [1762 ?] Original in
Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Plan de la partie de la province de la Louisiane ... [1762?] Original
in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Piano geografico ... de la America Septentrional espanola por don
Joseph Antonio Alzate y Ramirez, 1775. Original in British
Piano general de la mission y puebla de Arispe. Manuel Augustin
Mascaro. 1780. Original in British Museum.
Mapa de la frontera de Sonora ... 1780. Geronimo de la Rocha y
Figueroa. Original in British Museum.
Mapa geog. de la pt e de la America sep 1 ... pr d? Jose Cortes. 1799-
Original in British Museum.
Carte du Golfe du Mexique et des Antilles, 1696. Juan Bisente.
Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Plan de la cote et des environs du Mississippi, 1699. Original in
Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Carte de la cote et des environs du fleuve Mississippi, 1699. Original
in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Partie de rAmerique septentrionale ou est comprise la Nouvelle
France ... par Jean Baptiste Louis Franquelin. 1699. Original in
Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 69
Carte de 1'Amerique septentrionale entre les 25 et 65 degr6s de latitude
et ... 24 jusqu'aux 34 de longit. par Jean Baptiste Louis Franque-
lin. 1699. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Plan de 1'entree de la baye de Pensacola de Sainte Marie de Galue,
habitee par les espagnoles (1699). Original in Depart, de la
Plan de la coste de la Floride depuis la riviere de indios iusques aux
isles de Saint diegue. 1699. Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Carte de I'Amerique du Nord depuis les grands lacs jusqu 'au golfe du
Mexique. [1700?] Original in Depart, de la marine, Paris.
Pensacolay bay. Copie par D. Laisnd fils. 1705. Original in Depart,
de la marine, Paris.
Accurate map of the state and province of New Hampshire taken from
actual surveys, by col. I. Blanchard and mr. S. Langdon; eng. by T.
Jefferys, 1784. Original in Harvard university library.
Map of the head of Chesapeake bay and Susquehanna river, with a
plan of Havre de Grace, by C. P. Hauducoeur. 1799. Original in
Harvard university library.
Map of the northwest parts of the U. S. of America by John Fitch, 1785.
Original in Massachusetts historical society, and in the possession of
Dr. A. S. W. Rosenbach, Philadelphia.
Map of Virginia. First ed. 1807 . By J. Madison. Original in Harvard
Map of Virginia and Maryland. 1673. A. Herrman. Only known
copy in British Museum.
Mapp of the bay of Chesepeack. 1735. By W. Hoxton. Original in
Maryland historical society.
Map of the United States. 1783. By A. Buell. Original in Ameri-
can geographical society, New York.
Carte de 1'Amerique septentrionale. 1689. By Raudin. Original in
John Carter Brown library.
Allen, I. Map to accompany his History of Vermont. 1789. Original
in New York public library.
Map of Virginia. 1751. By J. Fry and P. Jefferson. First ed. Origi-
nal in New York public library.
Map of Maryland. 1813. 2d ed. By D. Griffith. Original in Har-
vard university library.
In the Library of Parliament of Canada there are a number
of manuscript reproductions of maps relating to the early
history of North America, collected from the originals for
the use of the Library by P. L. Morin; these are of such
interest that photographic copies were requested. The re-
productions 97 in number are now in our collection.
We have also secured photographic reproductions of 67
early maps and plans of which the originals are in the King
George the Third collection, in the British Museum.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
DIVISION OF MUSIC
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Sonneck)
Accessions of the Music Division for the fiscal year ending June 30,
19. 5 10
Literature of music.
The total (41,645) includes 17,973 pieces of Reserve
storage and 1,771 Second copies of Class C (of years 1905-
1908) and transferred from the Copyright Office between
October, 1915, and May, 1916, and 8,227 pieces of Reserve
storage and 252 Second copies of Class B of the current
Contents of the Music Division at the close of the fiscal year, June 30, igi6
The Division contained up to June 30, 1915, vol-
umes and pieces 676, 094
Accessions during the fiscal year numbered, vol-
umes and pieces 41, 645
Total on June 30, 1916 717, 739
Literature of Music :
The Division contained up to June 30, 1915, vol-
umes and pamphlets 32, 540
Accessions during the fiscal year numbered i, 308
Total on June 30, 1916
The Division contained up to June 30, 1915, vol-
umes and pieces 19, 174
Accessions during the fiscal year numbered 859
Total on June 30, 1916
Grand total, volumes, pamphlets, etc 771, 620
Report of the Librarian of Congress 71
The Music Division now contains (estimated) 771,620 V ol- MuMC DIVIS10W:
times, pamphlets, and pieces. (Music: 717,739; Literature
of Music: 33,848, including librettos; Musical instruction:
20,033, including teaching pieces, etudes, and other music
of an instructive type.)
For the same reasons as last year the growth of the col- Accessions
lection by foreign copyright deposits has been far below
normal. A detailed report on the purchases of music and
books on music in Europe during the last year is not feasi-
ble, since very few of the orders have reached us so far.
But even without this material (which is considerable) the
year has seen many a valuable addition to our collections
by way of purchase or gift.
Among the purchases may be mentioned a considerable
number of libretti of such rarity as, for instance, that of
Weber's Freischiitz, Stuttgart, 1822 (with three musical
supplements) or the Relation du Grand Ballet du Roy,
Paris, 1619; Arne's Masque of Alfred (ist ed. of 83 p., 1756?);
Balbastre's Pieces de clavecin, premier livre, Paris ;
Beethoven's Abschiedsgesang an Wiens Burger, 1796 (isted.) ;
Bishop's Twelve original English glees, London (ca. 1810);
Marquis of Blandford's Twelve glees, London, 1798; three
autograph compositions by Ole Bull; Caccini's L'Euridice,
1615 (Transcript); Canales' Six quartettes, op. 3, London,
[ca. 1775]; Couperin's Senates en pieces de clavecin, oeuvre
II, [1713?, signed by composer]; Dumont's Cinq messes,
1711 (5th ed.); The German Erato, Berlin, 1800 (3d ed.);
P. C. Guglielmi's La scelta dello sposo and La serva bizarra
(Transcripts); Johnson's The Scots Musical Museum, v.
I-II [1787-1788]; Joh. Krieger's Anmuthige clavier-ubung,
1699; Kusser's Arien aus der oper Erindo, Hamburg, 1695,
and Heliconische Musenlust, Stuttgart, 1700 (Transcripts);
Lully's Les nopces de Pele et de Thesis (Transcript) ; Mer-
curius musicus for the harpsichord (Jan., July, Aug., 1708);
64394 16 6
72 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The Opera miscellany, London, [1730?]; Pergolesi's La serva
padrona, London, Bremner, 1777; Philidor's Le diable a
quatre, 175-; Playford's Brief introduction, 1667; Purcell's
Tempest, London, Longman and Broderip, [1790?]; Luigi
Rossi's II Palazzo incantato (Transcript) ; Rutherford's Com-
plete collection of 1 1 2 of the most celebrated minuets, Lon-
don, [175-]; John Stafford Smith's glee In vain we fill the
sparkling bowl (1796. Autograph); John Stanley's Collec-
tion of twelve English songs, London, 1741; Sternhold and
Hopkins' Whole book of Psalms, London, 1640; A supple-
ment of new catches for the second book of the Pleasant
Musical Companion, London, 1702; Thesaurus Musicus,
vols. 1-2 (1744, 1746. First eds.); The Universal musician
or Songster's delight, London, [1737?]; Autograph album
leaf in Richard Wagner's hand of date Zurich, May 18, 20,
22, 1853, also the full scores of his Lohengrin, Paris, Durand
and Schoenewerk, Tannhaeuser, Paris, Durand, Le vais-
seau fantome, Paris, Durand; Walond's Ode on St. Cecilia's
Day, London [ca. 1759].
Tt is a curious coincidence that in the same year that
purchases of European material threatened to drop below
normal, those of early musical Americana exceeded all expec-
tations. Until about 1 830 American music publishers made
no consistent effort to copyright their publications. Hence,
the Library of Congress is obliged to acquire such noncopy-
righted music in competition with other institutions. Often
this music is of very little value esthetically, but it illus-
trates in every case the pioneer period of the now impressive
American music publishing industry and is collected by us
for this, if for no other, historical reason. Music of this
period, whether sacred or secular, is becoming very scarce.
It is only by cooperation with private collectors that the
Library of Congress gradually can build up a collection
with but few negligible gaps. This year we drew heavily
on the private collection of Mr. Thurlow W. Parker of
Report of the Librarian of Congress 73
Brooklyn. From this and other sources early American
sheet music alone from about 1790 to 1830 accrued to us
to the number of more than five hundred items. An increase
like this is unlikely to occur again. Together with the acqui-
sition of an even larger number of pieces published in
America after 1830, but not copyrighted, hence not depos-
ited in the Library of Congress, it definitely placed our col-
lection of such early musical Americana hors concours, as it
Space forbids going into details except to mention a
few of the more important Americana, sacred and secular,
acquired by purchase: The Athenaeum collection of hymns
and tunes, New York, 1863; Atwill's The New York and
Vermont collection, Albany ; The Battle of the
Wabash [and] Fort McHenry or The Star Spangled Banner
[1814?]; G. F. Bristow's The Great Republic (complete auto-
graph score); Josiah Flagg's Sixteen anthems, Boston,
; French's Harmony of harmony, 1802; The Favorite
new federal song [Hail Columbia, 1798, Carr's issue with
American eagle instead of G. Washington's portrait]; A.
Law's Select number of plain tunes [1775?] and Select har-
mony, [1778?]; New Yankee Doodle, New York, J. Hewitt
[1798. With the mounted portrait of George Washington
after Joseph Wright]; Alex. Reinagle's Chorus sung before
Gen. Washington, Philadelphia , Collection of favorite
songs, Philadelphia [179-?], and Twelve favorite pieces ar-
ranged for the pianoforte, Philadelphia [180-?]; Stickney's
Gentleman ard lady's musical companion, Newburg-Port,
n. d.; Tansur's The American harmony or Royal melody
complete, 1771; Terrill's Vocal harmony, Newhaven ;
Thomas Walter's Grounds and rules, Boston, Mecom [175-];
A. Williams' American harmony or Universal psalmodist,
The acquisition of Americana by gift, too, exceeded our
expectations. Since occasional gifts, such as a copy of
74 Report of the Librarian of Congress
J. H. Vaill's privately printed " History of the Litchfield
county choral union" from Mr. Carl Stoeckel, a copy of
John Parry's British harmony [ca. 1800] from Dr. Allan
McLane Hamilton, a copy of sundry of his noncopyrighted
violoncello compositions from Mr. Paul Th. Miersch, a
miscellaneous lot of nineteenth century American music,
sundry items from Dr. Fielding H. Garrison, a valuable
manuscript collection of airs popular in America [ca. 1800]
from Mr. Geo. D. Mitchell, a similar collection (Daniel
Robart's Note Book, 1800) from Mr. Arthur Tregina, a
copy of Lowell Mason's The Choir, Boston, 1832 (first ed.,
with first appearance in print of "America") from Mr,
Hubert P. Main, a set of volumes of Der Kirchenchor, The
Choir Herald, The Choir Leader from the Lorenz Publishing
Co. are duly acknowledged in each case at the time of pres-
entation, attention may here be centered on those gifts
that help to vitalize one of the favorite projects of this, the
national library: to assemble under our custody the
original manuscript scores of compositions by American
Occasionally the narrow local or even personal prevails
against the larger national point of view and defeats the
project in spots; but, as a rule and for obvious reasons,
the American composer and American music publisher
are beginning to prefer the national to a local library as
the permanent custodian of manuscript scores. This year
we record with satisfaction the promise of gifts of auto-
graph scores by various American composers and the
receipt of Charles Wakefield Cadman's song "From the
land of the sky-blue water" and his Sonata for pianoforte,
op. 58, and W. H. Humiston's "Iphigeneia before the
sacrifice at Aulis," "A Southern fantaisie" (orch. score),
"A song of evening from Alcestis," "Song of a young
girl," "lo te amo," "Beauty's daughters."
Report of the Librarian of Congress 75
Turning to our representative music publishers, two
gifts of extraordinary dimensions are to be reported and
In November, 1915, the John Church co. (Cincinnati, co jo ^ fl Churck
Ohio, etc.), acting on a previous promise, transmitted to
our custody a selection of more than 150 autograph com-
positions, mostly illustrating the firm's long-established
interest in American composers, as a list of the composers
represented will show: R. Barrett, P. P. Bliss, G. Borch,
F. L. Bristow, M. H. Brown, Dudley Buck, G. P. Centanini,
G. Chadbourne, A. Claassen, K. V S. Clark, F. Morris Class,
C. M. Currier, L. Dannenberg, R. De Koven, W. H. Doane,
M. Douglas, J. Winchell Forbes, C. Edgar Ford, W. O. For-
syth, J. Frank Frysinger, J. L. Gaynor, C. H. Grimm,
M. Grosse, C. Hahn, F. Flaxington Harker, V. Harris,
J. M. Jolley, A. W. Krauth, G. Lamothe, F. Langguth,
Linger, A. MacFadyen, M. Maretzek, W. Milbank, L.
Lockwood Moore, E. A. Mueller, H. v. Mysenburg, C.
Nelius, E. Nevin, M. Paldi, E. A. Parsons, G. W. Persley,
S. G. Pratt, Leroy M. Rile, R. Rochelle, H. Roemer, G. F.
Root, A. Russell, W. A. Sabin, A. Saint Amory, H. R.
Shelly, A. M. Shuey, A Sister of Loretto, W. G. Smith, J.
P. Sousa, C. G. Spross, G. W. Stebbins, A. Terhune, A.
Terschak, H. Ware, T. P. Westendorf, H. J. Zehm.
This gift was followed in April and May, 1916, by that of Bigiow & Main
Mr. Hubert P. Main, of the Bigiow & Main co. (New York)/
which has specialized for many years more or less on sacred
American music, especially hymns. This side of American
music was but poorly represented in our autograph collec-
tions, and Mr. Main's generous gift is all the more appreci-
ated for that reason. In passing, it may be mentioned that
Mr. Hubert P. Main's famous collection of American psalm-
ody, in which field he is one of the few recognized authori-
ties, has been for some years in the possession of the New-
berry Library, Chicago.
j6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Mr. Main's gift consisted principally of a very large num-
ber of autograph letters, etc. (not yet sufficiently digested
for report) of American musicians, poets, etc., and of about
200 autograph pieces by the following : A. Abbott, S. Alman,
P. Ambrose, R. S. Ambrose, O. R. Barrows, M. L. Bartlett,
W. B. Bradbury, G. F. Bristow, W. U. Butcher, G. Coles,
Ch. C. Converse, R. S. Cook, S. W. Cooper, T. Crampton,
H. P. Danks, J. De Ricqles, W. H. Doane, C. Florio, R. G.
Halls, J. Le Harding, E. Heginbotham, J. H. Hewitt, J. P.
Hillis, A. J. Holden, R. Lowry, H. P. Main, S. B. Marsh,
Lowell Mason, W. Mason, W. S. B. Mathews, W. Mingle,
T. C. O'Kane, J. R. Osgood, H. R. Palmer, Th. E. Perkins,
O. F. Pugh, P. Ritter, M. Ruger, F. Schilling, I. A. Sankey,
Ch. A. Saunders, Th. F. Seward, W. F. Sherwin, D. B.
Towner, H. Tucker, G. J. Webb, A. H. Wells, T. S. Wet-
more, W. Whipple, I. B. Woodbury.
Publications No publications issued from this Division except (in Oc-
tober, 1915) the "Catalogue of first editions of Stephen C.
Foster," mentioned in last year's report.
My "Bibliography of first editions of MacDowell" was
scheduled for publication in this fiscal year, but had to wait
until after the close of the fiscal year before it could be
transmitted to the printer.
Except for the additional entry of scores to be acquired
between now and publication, my "Catalogue of full scores
of Operas, etc.," is ready for the printer. Formally, it is
a revised and enlarged edition of the catalogue of 1 908 (now
out of print), but actually it is a new and different work.
The remark that it is designed as a companion work to the
"Catalogue of Opera librettos printed before 1800" will
suffice to indicate its character.
In view of "the wreckage in wake of music journalism"
in America as accumulated in the Library of Congress, it had
been the plan for years to list with minute detail our collec-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 77
tion of American musical magazines, to gather further in-
formation from publishers and editors, to fill in gaps, etc.
Not until this fiscal year did an opportunity offer to carry
this plan into effect; but now this descriptive list, also, is
ready for publication. It incorporates the answers to a
questionnaire sent to publishers and editors of musical mag-
azines. An expression of thanks is here due to all those who
answered the questionnaire, and not only furnished biblio-
graphical data but single numbers, or even volumes, in an
effort to complete our broken sets.
Of exhibitions the Music Division had two: (i) con tin- Exhibits
ued from last year, in the Main exhibition halls: First edi-
tions of Stephen C. Foster (1826-1864) and specimen auto-
graphs of Beethoven, Liszt, Rossini, Chopin, Spohr, Brahms,
etc.; (2) in the Basement, in honor of the Shakespeare Ter-
centenary, an exhibit of about 100 scores of "Dramatic and
Symphonic music based on Shakespeare." It may be
doubted that the exhibit could have been duplicated ex-
actly either here or abroad. For this reason a certain sig-
nificance attaches to the fact that European musical maga-
zines took notice of the exhibit prior to our own magazines
if the latter did so at all.
All purchased music, regardless of class, is catalogued
as a matter of course. Current copyrighted music is
treated in two ways: (i) special selected classes are cata-
logued according to the cataloguing rules of the Music
Division; (2) for the remainder the "Catalogue of Copy-
right Entries" issued by the Copyright Office in a form
suitable to their needs acts as a substitute until it becomes
feasible to add further classes catalogued according to the
needs of the Music Division.
Each catalogued composition is represented by a com-
poser or compiler card, the necessary number of class,
group, or form entries, specific title or first line cards. It
7 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
will be understood that analytical entries for contents of
collections can be indulged in but sparingly at present in
such a vast collection as ours, a matter in which small
libraries have a great advantage over us.
An estimate of the number of volumes and pieces thus
catalogued so far is impracticable. An idea of the pro-
gress of the work may be gained from the statement that
we now possess a practically permanent and complete type-
written composer and class, group or form card cata-
logue of the following: chamber music; orchestra and band
music in score; oratorios, masses, sacred cantatas in full
orchestra score; dramatic music (operas, incidental music,
ballets, etc.) in full orchestra or vocal or piano score; songs
with orchestra accompaniment; secular cantatas in or-
chestra score; collections of secular part songs; national
and folk-music (with the exception of some sheet music);
hymn collections (Sunday school and Evangelical excepted) ;
music for two or more pianos; manuscript music, whether
transcripts or original; publications prior to 1800 of every
description; American publications prior to 1820.
Of course, such groups as vocal scores of oratorios and
cantatas, secular or sacred, while not yet completed are
very far advanced. Also, the plan of selecting certain
composers, either because of their prominence or because
of special interest shown in them by our readers, and
of cataloguing all their works in our possession without
regard to the general cataloguing project is making steady
headway. Purchased music, to repeat, is catalogued irre-
spective of class. Accordingly, the 75,000 items acquired
by purchase alone during the past twelve years are duly
represented in our catalogue.
All music is classified and catalogued in the Music
Division, not in the Catalogue Division. This is the
reason why in the Librarian's previous annual reports
Report of the Librarian of Congress 79
no reference to such cataloguing illustrated by a yearly
average of 25,000 catalogue cards may be discovered in
the reports of the Chief Classifier or Chief of the Cata-
logue Division. The latter's statistics, however, properly
include books on music, since they are catalogued in
the Catalogue Division, not in the Music Division. This
catalogue of books on music is complete. We now pos-
sess also complete catalogues or lists of opera librettos in
the custody of the Music Division. This collection alone
totals more than 17,000 and the entries were prepared in
this Division. Finally, our subject list of articles in current
musical periodicals has proved a useful tool, as well it might
with about 40,000 cards added to it since 1902.
The total number of cards added to our catalogue during
the past fiscal year was 31,188, as against 28,455 in 1915.
Of the total, 27,743 cards (of which 16,484 belong to M)
were written in this Division and not supplied by the Cata-
logue Division. The total includes 1,998 cards written by
me, as usual, for our Index to articles in current musical
periodicals; it does not include shelf -list cards.
Principally should be noted 16,793 pieces of music pub- Classification of
lished in America 1860-1869. They have also been filed
and are now accessible.
Practically all our music is now classified (hence easily
available on the shelves) except certain minor American
publications from 1870 to about 1897. Though the pieces
number many thousands, the prospect of clearing them
within a few years is fairly bright. Current music is
The total number of recorded readers (exclusive of mere PMC service
visitors) during the fiscal year was 4,654; the total number
of volumes, pamphlets, and pieces supplied 37,230 (M 28,508,
MIy 5,146, MT 3,576). Last year figures: 3,316 readers;
29,057 volumes, pamphlets, and pieces.
80 Report of the Librarian of Congress
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Slade)
^^ e num ^ )er f current periodicals received through the
Periodical Division this past year was 8,154. This total
includes second copies of periodicals taken up from the
Copyright Office, now 1,193 i n number, and 977 journals
received through the Smithsonian Institution. It should be
noted, however, that only part of the serials currently re-
ceived by the library are handled in the Periodical Divi-
sion, much material which in other libraries is sometimes
called "periodical" and counted as such, yearbooks, alma-
nacs, annual reports, and similar serials, board of trade and
official serial publications, municipal, state, federal, and
foreign, being dealt with in other divisions.
The whole number of periodicals received in the Periodical
Division was 123,514.
New titles added during the year included : Periodicals
received by copyright, 248; by gift, 560; by subscription,
44; through the Smithsonian Institution, 166.
The number of newspapers received is 880, of which 776
are American and 104 foreign. Of the American newspapers
received 567 are published daily and 209 weekly. Of the
foreign newspapers received 85 are daily and 19 weekly.
Publishers of 91 newspapers send additional copies, the re-
ceipt of which goes far to help answer all calls for them.
Newspaper The number of newspapers retained for binding is as fol-
lows: American, 217; foreign, 89; total, 306.
The binding during the year was as follows : Newspapers,
949 volumes; periodicals, 4,272 volumes. (Last year: News-
papers, 1,517 volumes; periodicals, 4,795 volumes.)
Funds for the binding of newspapers gave out early in
the fiscal year, and this accounts for the small amount of
newspaper binding done. In fact, the entire number of vol-
umes of newspapers bound during the year was only 125
Report of the Librarian of Congress 8 1
volumes in excess of the arrears in binding on hand at the
commencement of the fiscal year. The arrears were then
824 volumes. They are now over 2,000 volumes. The diffi-
culty in preserving these files in their present unbound
condition is obvious. The wear while in use, the chances of
mutilation, and the danger of loss of copies, are all greatly
increased. Meanwhile the demand for these files is contin-
uous. Unless relief can be found from the existing situation
we are threatened with serious losses and gaps in our great
During the year 7,257 volumes of newspapers were served
to readers (last year, 7,641 ; the year before, 7,246). Formerly
bound volumes of newspapers were served to readers in the
Main Reading Room. The service has now been transferred
to the Periodical Reading Room. The results of the change
have been highly satisfactory.
The number of volumes of periodicals served to readers
was 12,965 (last year, 11,628; the year before, 10,298). This
exhibit, however, represents only the service from the chap-
ter in the Library classification which contains general peri-
odical material, this chapter (AP) being included in the
direct service of the Periodical Division. If the service from
the other chapters in the Library classification which contain
special periodical material were taken into account, these
figures would be very much greater.
A notable addition was made to our collection of American Newspaper w
eighteenth century newspapers through purchase in a single
lot from among the duplicates in the possession of the Massa-
chusetts Historical Society of nearly 750 items of unusual
interest and importance. This purchase brought to the
Library en bloc a large number of eighteenth century news-
papers ordinarily very difficult to find.
We have also been fortunate in acquiring a file of the very
rare Edenton, North Carolina, newspaper, the State Gazette
of North Carolina, printed by Hodge and Wills, printers to
82 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the state. The issues of this paper, which have come to us
through purchase, cover the period September 8, i/SS-July
23, 1790. It was during this period that North Carolina
accepted the Federal Constitution. The file is rich in
interesting material and is in excellent condition.
Of very special interest likewise are the volumes of the
North Carolina Journal, of Halifax, North Carolina, August
i, i792-May 20, 1799, coming to us with the State Gazette
of North Carolina as a part of the same purchase. This is a
file such as is not often obtainable, and the two files together
constitute an accession of eighteenth century newspaper
material of unusual importance.
Another collection of importance which has come to the
Library is one of 544 numbers, including the Centinel of
Liberty, and Georgetown Advertiser, January 4, 1799-
November 14, 1800; its successor, the Museum and Wash-
ington and George-Town Advertiser, November 18, 1800-
January 22, 1802; and the Washington Federalist, April 18,
i8oi-April i, 1802. Green and English, of Georgetown, in
the District of Columbia, publishers of the Museum, sold
their paper and printing office to Rind and Prentiss, pub-
lishers of the Washington Federalist, and, after the suspen-
sion of the Museum with the issue of January 22, 1802, the
Federalist, of the same politics as the party of the name, was
the only newspaper in Georgetown. Files of the Centinel of
Liberty and of the Museum and Washington and George-
Town Advertiser are very rare, those of the Washington
Federalist less so. Their possession by the Library of Con-
gress is peculiarly appropriate.
Our collection of eighteenth century American newspapers
printed in German was augmented through the purchase of
a volume of the Neue Unpartheyische Readinger Zeitung
und Anzeigs-Nachrichten for the period January 5, 1799-
December 31,1 800. The numbers for the period December
Report of the Librarian of Congress 83
24, 1799-January 29, 1800, are in mourning bands on account
of the death of Washington, and these issues contain inter-
esting Washingtoniana. The whole file is in unusually good
condition and fits well with our files of German newspapers of
Lancaster, German town, and Philadelphia of the same years
Purchases made in the usual run at different times during
the year, occasionally of individual owners, but more ordi-
narily at auction sales, have brought to us over 500 other
American eighteenth century newspapers. This is a sub-
stantial and gratifying gain to our collections. In addition
we have increased our own resources in this field by the pur-
chase of photographic reproductions of the Georgia Gazette,
May 21, i/66-May 23, 1770, and of the Boston News-Letter
January 5, 1 7o8-December 29, 1718, both of these lots being
in continuation of files of photographic reproductions previ-
The accessions of nineteenth century newspaper material
have been numerous but can not be listed in detail.
The following Southern newspapers of the civil war
period have been added to our collections: Augusta Daily
Chronicle and Sentinel, March 13, June 16, September 22,
1862, April 25, May 14, 1863; Chattanooga Daily Rebel,
April 27, 1865; Southern Federal Union, Milledgeville,
May 7, August 13, 1861, September 16, 1862; Southern
Recorder, Milledgeville, May 14, June n, 18, July 30,
August 20, 27, September 10, 1861, January 21, February
18, March 4, 18, July 29, August 5, 26, September 9, 23,
October 28, November 4, n, 25, December 2, 9, 23, 1862;
New Orleans Picayune, February i , 1 864 ; New Orleans True
Delta, February 9, 1864; Opelousas Courier, April 25, 1863
(printed on wall paper); Palmetto Herald, Port Royal,
March 24, 31, 1864; Richmond Daily Dispatch, July 27
to December 23, 1861, 57 scattering numbers, January 7,
84 Report of the Librarian of Congress
ii, 13, 24, 25, 30, 31, 1862; Richmond Daily Whig, Septem-
ber 3, December 31, 1862; Savannah Daily News, August
22, September 3, 1863; Savannah Republican, October 20,
November 21, 1862, January 24, February 3, 4, 1863; Florida
Sentinel, Tallahassee, August 6, 1861.
In a different field was the purchase of certain French
journals, interesting for their caricatures and cartoons,
humoristic and other literary content.
Periodical acces- Among miscellaneous periodicals acquired were the
Analectic magazine, Philadelphia, February-May, 1820, the
March number containing an interesting plate showing
"A back view of the Capitol, Washington"; Annals of
sporting and fancy gazette, London, vols. 1-13, 1822-1828,
containing the series of plates, colored and plain, by Cruik-
shank, Alkin, and others; Asmonian, New York, vols. 1-8,
10-12, 1849-1856; Christian pilot, Portland, Me., vol. i,
July 19, i832-July n, 1833; Free press, New York, June
i3-October 10, 1835; Illustrated monthly courier, Phila-
delphia, vol. i, nos. 1-6, 1848; Illustrated New York news,
New York, vol. i, nos. 1-6, 1851; Ladies' magazine and
literary gazette, Boston, vol. 8, 1835; New York weekly,
May 3o-August 9, 1860; North Carolina magazine, New-
bern, vol. i, nos. 5-30, vol. 2, nos. 31-33* J ul Y 6 > 1764-
January 8, 1765, a very rare eighteenth century item;
Panoplist, Boston, new series, vol. 4, 1802; Political con-
troversy, a weekly magazine, London, 36 numbers in 1762-
1763; Southern monthly, Memphis, vol. i-vol. 2, no. i,
September i86i-May, 1862, a civil war item of signal in-
terest; Southern workman, Hampton, Virginia, vols. 3-12,
1874-1883; Templar's magazine, Cincinnati, vol. i, 1850-
1851 ; Youth's companion, Boston, vol. 17, 1843.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 85
DIVISION OP PRINTS
(From the report of the Acting Chief, Professor Rice)
The increase of the collection has been :
By copyright . 4, 9*3
By purchase 873
By transfer 706
By gift 410
By exchange 176
The collection of prints now numbers 392,905.
The most important purchases of prints during the year PRINTS:
1. Sixty-one of miscellaneous subjects, by Wenceslaus
Hollar (1607-1677), English school.
2. Six by Mathilde de Cordoba, American school.
3. Twenty-nine by contemporary American, Dutch,
English, French, and German artists.
4. Thirteen by the American marine painter, Charles H.
5. Thirty reproductions (in color) of paintings by old
and modern masters, the publications of the Medici Society
6. One hundred and thirty-nine reproductions (in color)
of Louis Raemaeker's cartoons on the European war.
7. Twenty reproductions in colored collotype, of early
Italian and German paintings.
8. Five hundred photographs of European architecture,
and of celebrated paintings and sculpture in European
9. Sixty-three prints purchased with a part of the income
of the Mrs. Gardiner Greene Hubbard fund, as an addition
to the Gardiner Greene Hubbard Collection; by Bauer (i),
Buhot (i), Dodd (i), Howarth (5), Jongkind (i), Lalanne (4),
Linnig (i), Lunois (i), Maris (i), Mauve (i), Palmer (4),
Platt (15), Storm van's Gravesande (21), Webster (4),
86 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Whistler (i), and Zilcken (i), representative of the American,
PRINTS: Dutch, English, French, and German schools.
1. Two hundred and fifty-two photographs of paintings
by modern American artists and 98 photographs of sculpture
by contemporary American sculptors. They were presented
by the artists in response to requests for photographs of
2. Nineteen portraits of President R. B. Hayes. Pre-
sented by Colonel Webb C. Hayes, Fremont, Ohio.
3. Two original drawings and two prints by Storm van
'sGravesande. Presented by Professor R. A. Rice, Library
4. Engraving, "Marching through Georgia," by A. H.
Ritchie, after F. O. C. Darley, signed proof. Presented by
Mrs. F. O. C. Darley.
The war in Europe has possibly interfered more with
accessions of importance to the various collections of the
Division of Prints than with those in other Divisions of the
Library ; a large number of recommendations for purchase
are necessarily held up by lack of facilities for shipment.
cessions Among the books received during the fiscal year ending
Tune 30, 1916, a few are selected for mention:
Academic de France a Rome. Correspondance des directeurs. Paris,
Charavay freres, 1887-1908.
Binyon, Laurence. The art of Botticelli. London, Macmillan and
Bouchot, Henri Francois Marie Xavier. Lcs primitifs francais, 1292-
1500. Paris, Librairie de 1'art ancien et moderne, 1904.
Bullock, Albert Edward. Grinling Gibbons and his compeers. Lon-
don, J. Tiranti and co., 1914.
Cochin, Charles Nicolas. Memoires inedits de Charles Nicolas Cochin
sur le comte de Caylus, Bouchardon, les Slodtz. Paris, Baur, 1880.
Evelyn, John. Extracts from the diaries and correspondence of John
Evelyn and Samuel Pepys relating to engraving. London, Ellis,
i9 J 5-
Falke, Otto von. Der Mainzer goldschmuck der kaiserin Gisela.
Berlin, in kommission des Verlagsfur kunstwissenschaft, 1913.
Fielding, Theodore Henry Adolphus. The art of engraving. London,
M. A. Nattali, 1844.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 87
Fons amoris sive Emblemata amatoria. Prima et secunda pars. Ex
officina Crispiani Passei. [n. p., n. d.]
Foster, Joshua James. A list of works of English miniature painters
of the xvn century. London, Dickinsons, 1914-16.
Samuel Cooper and the English miniature painters of the xvn
century. London, Dickinsons, 1914-16.
Gruyer, Gustave. L'art ferrarais a 1'epoque des princes d i
Paris, E. Plon, Nourrit et cie, 1897.
Hawkshaw, John Clarke. Japanese sword-mounts. London, 1910.
Houbraken, Arnold. Arnold Houbraken's Grosse schouburgh der
niederlandischen maler und malerinnen. Wien, W. Braumuller,
Locquin, Jean. La peinture dliistoire en France de 1747 a 1785.
Paris, H. Laurens, 1912.
Lyon, J. T. Creative and imitative art: decoration and ornamenta-
tion. Brussels, M. Weissenbruch, 1873.
Maximilian I, emperor of Germany. Freydal. Des kaisers Maxi-
milian I. turniere und mummereien. Wien, A. Holzhausen, 1880-
Nomura, Shojiro. An historical sketch of nishiki and kinran brocades.
Boston [N. Sawyer and son, inc., printers, 1914].
Oxford. University. Christ Church college. Library: Drawings by
the old masters in the Library of Christ church Oxford. Oxford,
Clarendon press, 1914.
Siren, Osvald. Leonardo da Vinci. New Haven, Yale University
Thiis, Jens Peter. Leonardo da Vinci i Florentinertiden. Kristi-
ania og Kjobenhavn Gyldendal, Nordisk forlag, 1909. Translation
into English by Jessie Muir. London, H. Jenkins, 1913.
Unger, Friedrich Wilhelm. Quellen der byzantinischen kunstge-
schichte. Wien, W. Braumuller, 1878.
Vollard, Ambroise. Paul Cezanne. Paris, Galerie A. Vollard, 1914.
Weese, Arthur. Die Bamberger domskulpturen. Strassburg, J. H.
E. Heitz, 1914.
Westall, William. Thirty-five views on the Thames. London, Rod-
well and Martin, 1824.
Quellenschriften fur kunstgeschichte und kunsttechnik des mittel-
alters und renaissance, hrsg. von R. Eitelberger v. Edelberg. Wien,
W. Braumuller, 1871.
Begule, Lucien. L'eglise Saint-Maurice. Paris, H. Laurens, 1914. Architecture
Britton, John. Historical and descriptive essays accompanying a
series of engraved specimens of the architectural antiquities of
Normandy. London, M. A. Nattali, 1833.
Chambers, Sir William. A treatise on the decorative part of civil
architecture. London, Lockwood and co., 1862.
Cottingham, Lewis Nockalls. Plans, elevations, sections, details, and
views, of the magnificent chapel of King Henry the Seventh at
Westminster abbey church. London, Priestley and Weale, 1822-29.
64394- 16 7
88 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Dollmau, Francis Thomas. The priory of St. Mary Overie, South-
wark. London, the author, 1881.
Felibien, Andre. Memoires pour servir a ITiistoire des maisons
royalles et bastimens de France. Paris, J. Baur, 1874.
Gibbs, John. Domestic architecture and ornament in detail. Ox-
ford, The author, 1868.
Gotch, John Alfred. A complete account of the buildings erected
in Northamptonshire, by Sir Thomas Tresham, between the years
1575 and 1605. Northampton, Taylor and son, 1883.
Jackson, Sir Thomas Graham. Gothic architecture in France, Eng-
land and Italy. Cambridge, University press, 1915.
Laborde, Leon Emmanuel Simon Joseph. Les comptes des butiments
du roi (1528-1571). Paris, J. Baur, 1877-80.
Lewis, George Robert. Illustrations of Kilpeck church, Hereford-
shire. London, G. R. Lewis, 1842.
Mawson, Thomas Hayton. Calgary; a preliminary scheme for con-
trolling the economic growth of the city. London, New York, T.
H. Mawson and sons, 1914.
Rivoira, G. Teresio. Architettura musulmana. Milano, U. Hoepli,
Sadleir, Thomas Ulick. Georgian mansions in Ireland. [Dublin]
Ponsonby and Gibbs, 1915.
Tatham, Charles Heathcote. Etchings, representing the best exam-
ples of Grecian and Roman architectural ornament. London, J. B.
Nichols and son, 1843.
The work of forming and arranging a collection of illus-
trated books has been carried forward. It is intended to
show the progress of "illustration" by representative
examples of the work of the foremost masters of this art
from the Middle Ages to the present time, either in originals
For the art shown in the decoration and illustration of
mediaeval manuscripts, the Library must depend mainly
upon reproductions; this is also true of the best of the book-
illustrations printed in the fifteenth and early sixteenth
centuries, which have now become excessively rare and high
priced. It is hardly necessary to say that an excellent
reproduction or facsimile of the so-called original in an
early impression is of greater service in a library than a
worn impression or a late edition. On the other hand, it is
of equal importance that when originals enter into the
collection they should be in first editions when possible,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 89
as these alone render adequately the design of the artist.
In every case the "state " of the illustration is to be examined
and in virtue of its condition a decision reached as to
whether it is fit to form a part of the collection or not.
There are already in the Library a large number of illus-
trated books, acquired for the most part without reference
to the quality of the illustrations or even the fact of illus-
tration, which may be found worthy material for this col-
lection; these are now in process of sifting and selection.
In connection with this work, as many of the works of
the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries exist only in a
few copies, it has seemed advisable where such are to be
found in public collections of this section of the country to
make record of them, so that students may know where they
can be seen and the Library of Congress be relieved of the
demand for their acquisition.
The following exhibitions were put in place during the
1. Collection of 194 modern prints, representative of the
American, Dutch, English, French, and German schools.
2. Collection of 279 mezzotints from the T. Harrison
Garrett, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, and Library collections.
This exhibition has proved of great interest in a study of
the development of this special process of engraving, and
has afforded a comparison of the various schools represented.
Of interest also were the portraits of celebrated people,
forming the greater part of the exhibition. An opportunity
was given to art students for the study of the works of artists
of the most important schools of painting.
3. Twenty-five lithographs published by the Senefelder
Society of London, lent by the American Federation of
Arts, Washington, D. C.
4. Thirty-one original drawings by the American etcher,
Lester George Hornby, illustrating Leupp's "Walks about
Washington," lent by the artist.
9O Report of the Librarian of Congress
5. Seventy-five etchings by the American marine painter,
Charles H. Woodbury, lent by the artist.
6. Forty reproductions of Whistler's lithographs, plates
from Kennedy's "Lithographs by Whistler" [New York,
7. Eighty-two wood engravings by Timothy Cole,
American school, presented by the Century Company
(New York) in 1900.
8. Collection of 30 prints and 49 books in commemora-
tion of the Shakespeare tercentenary.
It comprised portraits and statuary of Shakespeare,
views of Stratford-on-Avon, early editions of Shakespeare's
works, collected works, and specially illustrated editions.
9. Collection of 52 prints, 77 books, and 3 illuminated
manuscript Bibles, commemorating the one hundredth
anniversary of the founding of the American Bible Society
of New York City.
10. Collection of 195 engravings of the Italian school,
from the T. Harrison Garrett collection, lent to the Library
of Congress for exhibition purposes.
The prints date from the fifteenth to the nineteenth cen-
turies and include impressions from the silver plates made
by goldsmiths, called "nielli," and examples of chiaroscuro,
line and stipple engraving, and etching. Work of repre-
sentative men of their time is shown, many of them having
been painters as well as engravers. There are chiaroscuros
by Ugo da Carpi (i455?-i523); line engravings by Marcan-
tonio Raimondi (i488?-before 1534) and his two best known
pupils, Marco Dente (died 1527) and Agostino de' Musi
(1490?-! 540?), as well as by the Scultore family (errone-
ously called Ghisi), Giovanni Battista, the father (1503-
1575), Diana (i535?-after 1587), and Adamo (before 1540-
after 1584?), probably, respectively, daughter and son.
Other representatives of the sixteenth century are: Parmi-
giano (1503-1540); Giorgio Ghisi (1520-1582); the three
Report of the Librarian of Congress 91
Carracci, Lodovico (1555-1619), Agostino (1557-1602), and
Annibale ( 1 560-1 609) ; Guido Reni ( 1 575-1 642) ; and Jusepe de
Ribera (1588-1652). Engravers of the seventeenth century
represented are: Stefano della Bella (1610-1664), Simone
Cantarini (1612-1648), Salvatore Rosa (1615-1735), Luca
Giordano (1632-1705), Elisabeta Sirani (1638-1665), and
Antonio Canale (1697-1768). The eighteenth century is
represented by such well-known engravers of pure line as
Giovanni Volpato (1733-1803), Raffaello Morghen (1758-
l8 33)> Giovanni Folo (1764-1836), Faustino Anderloni
(1766-1847), Pietro Anderloni (1785-1849), Paolo Toschi
(1788-1854), Samuele Jesi (1789-1853), and Antonio IVr-
fetti (1792-1872). Of the early nineteenth century men may
be named: Luigi Calamatta (1801-1869), Antonio Dalco
(1802-1888), Vincenzo della Bruna (1804?-! 870), and Paolo
Mercurj (1804-1884); and of the modern etchers: Kleuterio
Pagliano (1826-1902 ?), Mose di Giosue Bianchi (1845-1904),
and Antonio Piccinni.
The Division has lent to 10 governmental departments,
societies, and 35 educational institutions 15,524 photographs,
etc., of paintings, sculpture, and architecture, and to the
American Federation of Arts (Washington, D. C.) three col-
lections of engravings for exhibition purposes.
SEMITIC AND ORIENTAL DIVISION
(From the report of Dr. Schapiro, in special charge of the Semitic)
With the end of the last fiscal year nearly all of the
Hebrew material contained in the two Deinard collections
had been put in order. More than 16,000 books and pam-
phlets of ancient and modern Hebrew have been placed on
the shelves, arranged according to subject matter, and made
ready for use.
The work of the Division during the past year was mainly
concentrated upon the preparation of the books of the
Hebrew collections for binding and upon their cataloguing
92 Report of the Librarian of Congress
and classification. About 1,300 volumes were sent to the
bindery. These included a very .small number which
required lettering only. More than 700 books of the col-
lections were catalogued and nearly 2,500 classified. Most
of these books relate to Mishnah, Talmud, and Belles-
lettres. Arrangements for printing the cards of the He-
brew books already catalogued are now under considera-
tion. The Division has also been engaged in devising and
preparing a new classification scheme for Hebrew and
Yiddish books. This new classification scheme is to be for
permanent use, replacing the present one, which is merely a
rough and temporary division of the books in order to make
them accessible to readers generally. The basis of this new
scheme has in view, of course, its adaptation to the estab-
lished system of classification in the Library.
Useful additions to the Hebrew collections, numbering
about 500 books relating to various fields of Hebrew litera-
ture were made through purchase, gift, and exchange.
Yiddish utera- Special attention has been given to Yiddish literature.
The number of Yiddish books in the Library, acquired mostly
through copyright, was greatly augmented by those found
in the two Deinard collections. The number of all Yiddish
books now in possession of the Library is considerable in
proportion to the entire field of Yiddish literature. It
should be observed that Yiddish, though the native tongue
of millions of Jews through centuries, could hardly have been
considered as possessing a literature until the second half of
the nineteenth century when Yiddish publications had under-
gone an enormous expansion. The origin of Yiddish is the
German dialect of the Rhineland of the fourteenth century,
which was carried into Poland and southeastern Europe by
enforced migration of the Jews. Thence it has been carried,
in turn, by Jewish wanderings to every corner of the earth.
As it stands to-day its basis is largely an old German dialect,
written in Hebrew characters, containing in its vocabulary,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 93
besides Hebrew, numerous words and terms of every lan-
guage from every land where Jews have since lived. The
Yiddish of one country may thus be somewhat distinguished
from that of another, owing to the historical fact that it
incorporates numbers of household words of the newly
adopted land, thus creating a sort of Yiddish vernacular in
every country. The Yiddish literature in the United States
assumes a respectable place as compared to other literatures ;
and even if the predictions of some come true that the Yid-
dish tongue will be dead before long, the Yiddish literature
will still offer a wide and interesting field for historians,
philologists, and students of comparative literatures.
In connection with the Yiddish tongue may be mentioned ^ <M/W " hiefar
another Jewish dialect, the so-called Ladino, which is tin-
vernacular of the Mediterranean or Sephardic Jews. Just
as Yiddish had its origin in the spoken language of south-
western Germany in the fourteenth century, so the Ladino
is based upon the Spanish of the fifteenth century, which
was carried all over the Mediterranean region through the
stress of Spanish persecution. Among the recent immi-
grants to this country were many Ladino-speaking Jews, who
have now developed a Ladino literature and press in the
United States. The Library possesses a considerable
number of books written in Ladino, which will be taken care
of by this Division.
The demand for Arabic, Hebrew, and Yiddish books has
increased during the last year. Various learned institutions
throughout the country availed themselves of the material
under our system of interlibrary loans, while a number of
students called for books for special studies in the Reading
Room. Several scholars carried on research work in the
Division and were provided with the necessary scientific
apparatus. Inquiries and requests for references and in-
formation on various literary, archaeological, and historico-
political matters in connection with Semitica and Orientalia
94 Report of the Librarian of Congress
were made by official and private institutions, as well as by
individuals, all of which were promptly dealt with.
Chinese coiiec- The work of classifying and arranging the Chinese col-
lections was resumed in the latter part of the year. A
report concerning the work done on these collections was
filed by Mr. Michael J. Hagerty, who had been temporarily
appointed for this task.
The Chinese books purchased by Dr. H. K. Fung, consist-
ing of 445 works in 17,208 volumes, and also those bought by
Dr. W. T. Swingle, consisting of 271 works, in 4,945 vol-
umes, are now available for use.
All the books comprising the old collection have been
moved from their old location and merged with the Fung and
Swingle purchases, the whole being now shelved on deck 28,
southeast stack, occupying n bays (1-19). Suitable labels
have been placed at the ends of these bays showing the loca-
tion of the various classes of works.
A large number of works purchased by Dr. Fung came
unbound and also a few of those bought by Dr. Swingle.
Work has been started in the bindery, and to date they have
returned 100 cases of the Fung and 49 of the Swingle pur-
chase. An estimate has been made of the materials needed
for binding all unbound items and these have been ordered
by the Government Printing Office. About 600 cases are
yet to be made.
Chinese cottec- Upon the advice of Mr. Mart el, Chief of the Catalogue Divi-
tions Classifying . . . t
and cataloguing sion, some changes have been made in the system of classi-
fying the various parts of the Chinese collection.
In the old collection the Manchu and Korean works were
classified and shelved with the Chinese books of the same
class, many of these works being bilingual in nature. These
have all been extracted from the Chinese section and made
to form a new one at the end of the Chinese books proper.
In order to avoid confusion, the cards are all stamped with
the name of the language in which the work is classified.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 95
Other changes have been made in the Chinese class B 177
(Geography and topography), an important class of Chinese
literature, of which the Library already has a large number,
and in all probability will acquire many more.
The 271 Chinese works of the Swingle purchase have been
classified and temporary cards made and placed in the shelf
list of the collection. In addition to this, a fairly complete
entry has been made for about 100 works of this lot, the
cards being in manuscript and ready to be typewritten.
Dr. Fung made two cards for each of his 445 items. These
cards contain the Chinese title, transliteration, and classifica-
tion according to the Chinese system of classification. One
of these cards will remain in the shelf list ; the other may be
used as a temporary title entry.
A large number of collections of reprints were purchased Ts'ung shu (coi.
by Dr. Fung, and some also by Dr. Swingle. These collec-
tions contain a large number of individual works many of
which have long since ceased to be published separately. To
classify and make analytical cards for the contents of these
collections, was a task of first importance ; and the Library
of Congress was fortunate in having during the past summer
the services of Professor Kiang Kang-hu, a Chinese scholar
from the teaching staff of the University of California, to
initiate it. Professor Kiang, whose interest was secured
through the friendly mediation of Dr. Swingle, has also pre-
pared the labels for the collection recently placed on exhibition.
The Japanese books in the Swingle purchase have been J*t> anese *ks
in Swindle pur-
bo'okplated and labeled on the outside of the cases, but not ^ase
marked, as the Japanese works have not been classified
in the Library of Congress. At present they are classified
roughly into four groups, as follows: A (Classics); B (His-
tory); C (Philosophy); D (Belles-lettres).
The 13 Chinese and Manchu works recently purchased
from Dr. Berthold Laufer have been classified, bookplated,
labeled, and shelved in the collection.
96 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The number of volumes bound (i. e., received back from
the bindery) was 28,404. Of the total 7,159 were bound in
leather, and 17,658 in buckram; the remainder in cloth and
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Mattel)
The number of volumes catalogued was 102,465, of which
78,077 were new accessions and 24,388 recatalogued, an in-
crease in the total of 2 ,600 volumes over the preceding year.
The recataloguing of English, German, and Italian litera-
ture was continued during the year. About three-fifths of
the number of volumes recatalogued belong to those classes,
the remainder being distributed among all other classes, with
American history and Law predominating. Mr. Waters re-
ports the work on the George Washington collection com-
plete and, for a beginning, some 500 volumes of American
history from the Toner collection catalogued and made read-
ily available, including a considerable proportion of works
not otherwise represented in the collections of the Library.
In Law' the recataloguing of the following classes of material
has been continued: (i) Treatises shelved without entries;
(2) Treatises for which entries had been made in old form
and without subjects; (3) Publications received by copyright,
purchase, gift, exchange and transfer; (4) Treatises, reports,
dictionaries, etc., in the Law library at the Capitol, for which
there were no printed cards; (5) All classes of law for weekly
The copy prepared by the Card Distribution Division with
the cooperation of the Smithsonian Institution for a com-
plete set of analytical cards for all the Smithsonian publica-
tions not heretofore analyzed was carefully revised, and
uniform sets of printed cards are now available for distri-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 97
Assistance has been rendered to the Semitic section by
Dr. Koenig in working out the classification of the Deinard-
Schiff collection of Hebraicaand Judaica, making the classi-
fication of the books a matter to be readily accomplished in
the near future by Dr. Schapiro.
Catalogue entries for several lots of technical books in
Arabic, prepared by Dr. Schapiro, have been copied and
duplicated for the general catalogue.
The entire collection of uncatalogued dissertations has Dtssfrtatumt
been arranged by years, subarranged alphabetically by
author to the third or fourth letter, so that requests for
theses can now be readily answered; incidentally the lot
from which they are taken is placed in more strictly alpha-
betical order. Theses thus furnished on demand are marked
so as to insure their return and replacement in order. This
work has been accomplished by Mr. Kletsch with the help
of the messengers under his direction. If the dissertations
called for in this way are of substantial interest and treat of
subjects in which the Library specializes (Economics, Social
and Political science, History, etc.), they are catalogued
and shelf listed and transferred to the classified collections
of the Library, instead of being returned to the uncatalogued
Some progress has been made in applying the method of Collect
collective cataloguing, outlined in my last report, 1915, p.
106-108, to various classes of pamphlets, leaflets, and other
minor publications: separates, programs, announcements,
official circulars, and other matter of routine character. It
has proved practical and economical so far as there has been
opportunity to test it, and the extension and wider appli-
cation of the practice is limited only by the fact that
assistants qualified to make the selection are needed for
other tasks. There is, however, some prospect of continu-
ing the work on a considerably enlarged scope the coming
98 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The assignment of subject headings is greatly facilitated
especially in its most difficult aspect, systematization and
consistency, by the compilation and publication in printed
form of the List of subject headings with local subdivisions.
Cooperating libraries and all the libraries using the printed
cards have frequently desired it and it has been trouble-
some to supply the information piecemeal by correspond-
ence. Miss MacNair, the compiler, aided by the revisers,
deserves much credit for the ability with which she has
managed this laborious piece of work. In addition to this
list she has prepared and now in galley proof a new edition
of the Preliminary list of subject subdivisions under coun-
tries, states, cities, and general subjects, increased more
than threefold since the publication of the next preceding
edition in 1910.
The expansion of the Public card catalogue is a subject
of concern requiring attention. Limited possibility of pro-
vision for immediate necessity suggests consideration of
determining a fixed policy. I am preparing a special
report upon a variety of possibilities, which I expect to
submit in the near future.
As usual the Division has suffered a considerable number
of changes in personnel. It is meet that special acknowl-
edgment be here made of the value of the services of two
members of the staff who resigned during the year: Julia
Gregory entered the service October 4, 1900, and resigned
March 4, 1916. In a lifetime of experience I have never
known a cataloguer who held with more inflexible fidelity
to the highest standard of accuracy and quality than Miss
Gregory. The scholarly character of her work is exempli-
fied and attested by the printed Catalogue of early works on
music published before 1800, compiled by her. A highly
competent professional critic in reviewing this work speaks
of it as follows: " * * * Miss Julia Gregory's work is a
Report of the Librarian of Congress 99
credit, not merely to the Library of Congress, but to the
nation. Apart from the wish that the typographical aids i ,
the study and use of the book had been followed in tin
in the other Washington catalogues, we can have no feeling
but that of delight mingled with respectful awe, at the clear-
ness, accuracy, and scholarly reliability of the work done- in
this list of early books on music." Mrs. Alice F. Stevens
entered the service in 1898, and resigned June 19, 191^.
For many years she has had charge of the cataloguing of
public documents, supervising the work of several assistants.
Endowed with exceptional good health and capacity of en-
durance, she accomplished an astonishing amount of woik.
The Library of Congress during these years acquired a col-
lection of documents of all the countries of the civilized world
equaled by few other libraries and probably surpassed by
none. The body of catalogue cards representing this collec-
tion is in large part her work and constitutes a monument to
her knowledge, ability, and industry. But it is not only as a
cataloguer of whom they were proud that she is remembered
by her colleagues, but as a most cheerful, wise, and kindly
associate, of impel turbably good temper, one from whom
nothing but good had come to them through all these years.
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Perley)
The number of volumes classified during the fiscal year
1915-16 was 104,304, of which 86,889 were new accessions
and 17,415 were reclassified, including 6,121 transfers. The
number of volumes shelf listed was 91,224, of which 79,930
were new accessions.
For the year preceding, the number of volumes classified
was 101,095, f which 76,739 were new accessions and
24,356 were reclassified, the number shelf listed being 88,984.
The statistics by classes follow :
ioo Report of the Librarian of Congress
New classification Summary
Volumes and pamphlets
Polygraphy (collections, en-
Printed 39, 294
Preliminary. .*8o, 278
History (Auxiliary sciences).
History (except America) . . .
i ? 497
Geography; Anthropology. . .
Political science. .
Music literature (reported by
Literature and language
Classification undetermined .
Deinard collection (Hebra-
Chapter 38: Literary history .
The portion of the Library now classified under the new
classification contains in round numbers 1,548,500 volumes,
distributed as follows: Class A (Polygraphy), 86,500; B-BJ
(Philosophy), 16,000; C-D (History, exclusive of America),
136,000; E-F (America), 122,000; G (Geography), 26,000;
H-J (Social and political science), 367,000; L (Education),.
67,000; M (Music), 29,000; N (Fine arts), 36,000; P (Lan-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 101
guage and literature), 137,000; PZ (Fiction in English),
5750o; Q (Science), 144,000; R (Medicine), 51,000; S (Agri-
culture), 56,500; T (Technology), 100,000; U (Military
science), 20,000; V (Naval science), 17,000; Z (Bibliography),
79,500; Incunabula, etc., 500.
The Classification Section during the past year has con-
tinued its regular output with but slight variations from
that of recent years. While the number of volumes reclas-
sified has decreased the number of classified accessions has
increased, the total for the year remaining about the same.
The Section has been fortunate in retaining its personnel
without important change and the Chief Classifier is able to
speak with great satisfaction and pleasure of the high quality
of the work rendered by his assistants.
The most important feature of the year's work has been
the publication of the historical schedules C and D, the
former on the auxiliary sciences of History and the latter
on general and old world History. Class D is a substantial
volume of 633 pages, quite fully indexed, and it is expected
that it will prove a valuable reference work on historical
classification aside from its primary purpose in our own ad-
ministrative work. While many hands have assisted in the
preparation of these schemes they are in the main, and in
their present finished form, the work of Mr. Schmidt, to
whom the principal credit is due.
During the year several new sections have been added to
the reclassified portions of the library. With the assistance
of Mr. Dieserud, of the Catalogue Division, Scandinavian
literature (about 3,000 volumes) has been reclassified and
shelf listed. Dutch and Flemish literature (about 700
volumes) have also been reclassified. In preparing the
classification scheme for old Icelandic literature, especially
the sagas, we are much indebted to Professor Hermannsson,
of Cornell University, who kindly gave us the benefit of his
advice and criticism. Dr. Koenig has prepared schemes for
IO2 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the classification of several minor groups of literature, in-
cluding Bohemian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovakian, Slovenian,
Lithuanian, and Lettish. In collaboration with Dr. Scha-
piro, of the Semitic Division, Dr. Koenig has also elaborated
the classification of Hebraic literature, which is quite ex-
tensively represented in the collections acquired by the
Much of the time of the classifiers during the past year
has been devoted to the preparation of new classification
schedules which are expected to be put into active opera-
tion before the end of 1916. Dr. Koenig has done a great
amount of work on the schemes for Classical literature and
hopes to be able to begin the actual classification of books
within a few months. Once begun this work should pro-
ceed rapidly. The preliminary schedules for Religion and
Church History have been prepared and reclassification is
already in progress.
Great progress has been made in eliminating remnants of
the old classification. Practically all of the old chapters
have now been reclassified except such as contain works on
Religion, Law, and the few groups of literature the reclassi-
fication of which has not yet been begun. An exception to
this general statement must be made for certain special
sections not shelved with the general collection, such as
Orientalia, " Office books," kept in locked cases, and old
almanacs and directories devoted to special interests.
Progress in these classes is necessarily slow. Office books
are preferably classified in conjunction with the cataloguing,
from motives of safety and economy. In the case of the
old directories, local, professional, etc., the large amount
of space required in strict classification and the infrequency
of the demand make the reclassification in many cases
undesirable and their segregation with definite arrangement
under the old class number 25.9 serves all practical purposes.
For the Orientalia the knowledge of the specialist is re-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 103
quired, in order to treat them according to the methods of
scientific classification. This has been applied in the case
of Hebrew and Chinese, reports of which appear elsewhere.
The services of one of our labelers has been given for assist-
ance in the labeling of the 22,000 volumes of Chinese recently
acquired by the library.
The Toner collection, as mentioned in last year's report,
was given a rough classification by class letters A to Z. Mr.
Waters has during the past six months found time to cata-
logue and classify several hundred volumes of the Americana
in this collection, selecting those which were considered of
special interest or value, and by having these volumes thus
recorded he has been able to avoid considerable duplication
from purchases for the general collection besides making
these books available for consultation. The number of "books
and pamphlets in the Toner collection relating to America
is estimated as 5,300. Of the approximately 500 volumes
already classified about 20 or 25 per cent are for works or
editions not previously represented in the Library catalogue.
When more pressing needs do not engage our attention we
hope to be able to take up the medical works of the collection,
which form a very large and important part of the Toner
Classification: Supplementary notes by the librarian
In contrast with the card catalogue of the Library which, The scheme of
owing to the sale of the printed cards is a matter of general
concern to libraries, the classification of our collections was
assumed to be of concern solely to ourselves that is, to the
efficient administration of this Library within itself. Upon
this assumption the scheme adopted has been devised with
reference (i) to the character and probable development of
our own collections, (2) to its operation by our own staff,
(3) to the character and habits of our own readers, and (4)
to the usages in vogue here, a distinguishing feature of which
64394 16 8
104 Report of the Librarian of Congress
is the freedom of access to the shelves granted to serious
With these considerations the resultant scheme, while or-
ganic in the sense that certain fundamentals were the basis
of each schedule, is unsymmetrical, since each schedule was
devised with reference to its own utilities (as applied to that
particular group of material) rather than with reference to
its proportionate part in an integral whole.
There was therefore no expectation that the scheme would
be adopted by other libraries; much less was there any pro-
fession that it would be suited to their needs. It is, more-
over, still incomplete, and various schedules sufficiently
advanced for our own use are yet unavailable in printed
Under the circumstances the number of other libraries
that are already adopting it in whole or in part is somewhat
surprising. Below is the list, so far as known to us:
List of libraries using the Library of Congress classification
in -whole or in part
American geographical society, New York.
Bureau of railway economics, Washington, D. C.
California Academy of sciences, San Francisco.
Carnegie Endowment for international peace, Washington, D. C.
Carnegie library, National soldiers' home, Tennessee.
Chicago. Public library. (Social science finding list.)
Cuba. Congreso. Camara de representantes. Biblioteca. (Modified.)
Georgia. Legislative reference library.
Harvard university. Department of landscape architecture.
Hispanic society of America, New York.
Johns Hopkins university, Baltimore, Md.
London school of economics Library. (Class Z modified.)
Ohio State university, Columbus, Ohio.
Philippine Islands. Bureau of public works (Department of commerce
Philippine Islands. Bureau of science.
Rice institute, Houston, Tex.
Riverside, California, Public library. (Class S, Agriculture.)
Rutgers college, New Brunswick, N. J.
U. S. Artillery school, Fort Monroe, Va.
U. S. Bureau of education, Washington, D. C.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 105
U. vS. Bureau of labor statistics, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Bureau of manufactures, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Bureau of mines, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Bureau of standards, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Department of commerce, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Department of state, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Geological survey, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Interstate commerce commission, Washington, D. C.
U. S. National monetary commission, Washington, D. C. (now in
Library of Congress).
U. S. Naval medical school, Washington, D. C.
U. S. Naval war college, Newport, R. I.
U. S. Soldiers' home library, Washington, D. C.
U. S. War college, Washingon, D. C. 1
U. S. War department library, Washington, D. C. 1
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B. C.
University of California, Berkeley, Cal.
University of Chicago, Chicago, 111.
Virginia State library, Richmond, Va.
Wales. National library, Aberystwith.
Wales. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff Library.
Western Reserve historical society, Cleveland, Ohio.
Yale university. Forest school. New Haven, Conn.
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Hastings)
During the year the number of subscribers to the printed
cards has increased from 2,120 to 2,301.
The cash sale of cards, including subscriptions to proof-
sheets, amounted to $69,504.92, an increase of about 17 per
cent over the cash sales of 1914-15.
The sale of cards to the libraries of the departments of
the United States government, paid for by transfer of credits,
amounted to $1,728.35.
Cards for aoout 40,000 different titles were added to the
stock during the year, including about 7,000 cards printed
for libraries in the District of Columbia and about 3,000
printed for other cooperating libraries.
The whole number of different titles now represented in
the stock is approximately 697,000, including about 39,000
1 Now being consolidated.
io6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
unrevised cards not included in the depository sets. The
average stock of each card is estimated at 70, making the
total number of cards in stock about 49,000,000.
The depository set located at the New Orleans Public
Library has been given up. The depository libraries now
The full list of depositories is given below, the proof-
sheet depositories being distinguished by asterisks :
The American Antiquarian society, Worcester, Mass.
Bowdoin College library, Brunswick, Me.
Brooklyn Public library, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Brown University library, Providence, R. I.
Buffalo Public library, Buffalo, N. Y.
California State library, Sacramento, Cal.
California University library, Berkeley, Cal.
Chicago University library, Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati Public library, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Cleveland Public library, Cleveland, Ohio.
Columbia University library, New York City.
Connecticut State library, Hartford, Conn.
^Cornell University library, Ithaca, N. Y.
*Dartmouth College library, Hanover, N. H.
Harvard University library, Cambridge, Mass.
Illinois University library, Urbana, 111.
Indiana State library, Indianapolis, Ind.
Institut International de Bibliographie, Brussels, Belgium.
Iowa State University library, Iowa City, Iowa.
John Crerar library, Chicago, 111.
Johns Hopkins University library, Baltimore, Md.
Kansas State historical society library, Topeka, Kans.
*Kyoto University library, Kyoto, Japan.
*Leland Stanford, Jr., University library, Stanford University, Cal.
*Los Angeles Public library, Los Angeles, Cal.
Louisville Public library, Louisville, Ky.
McGill University library, Montreal, Canada.
Massachusetts State library, Boston, Mass.
Michigan University library, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Minnesota University library, Minneapolis, Minn.
*Missouri University library, Columbia, Mo.
Nebraska University library, Lincoln, Nebr.
New York Public library, New York City.
New York State library, Albany, N. Y.
Northwestern University library, Evanston, 111.
Pennsylvania University library, Philadelphia, Pa.
Philadelphia Free library, Philadelphia, Pa.
^Philippines library, Manila, P. I.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 107
Pittsburgh Carnegie library, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Princeton University library, Princeton, N. J.
St. Louis Public library, St. Louis, Mo.
Seattle Public library, Seattle, Wash.
Syracuse University library, Syracuse, N. Y.
Texas University library, Austin, Tex.
Virginia State library, Richmond, Va.
*Wesleyan University library, Middletown, Conn.
Wisconsin State Historical society, Madison, Wis.
Yale University library, New Haven, Conn.
A partial depository set covering finance, commerce, and
economic and industrial history and relations has been as-
signed to the Library of the Federal Trade Commission.
Another such set covering medicine and related subjects
has been furnished to the Library of the Surgeon-General's
The full list of libraries of the United States government
now having a partial depository set is as follows, those having
dictionary sets being distinguished by asterisks:
Army War College.
*Bureau of Education.
Bureau of Entomology.
Bureau of Fisheries.
*Bureau of Labor Statistics.
*Bureau of Mines.
Bureau of Rolls and Library (State Department).
Bureau of Science (Manila, P. I.).
*Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
Civil Service Commission.
Coast and Geodetic Survey.
Coast Artillery School.
*Department of Agriculture.
Department of Justice.
Department of the Interior, Law Division.
Federal Trade Commission.
Government Hospital for the Insane.
Interstate Commerce Commission.
Military Academy, West Point.
Mississippi River Commission.
io8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
^National Bureau of Standards.
Naval War College.
Navy General Board.
Navy Medical School.
Office of Foreign Trade Advisers.
Pan American Union.
Supervising Architect's Office.
About 8,500 catalogue entries furnished by other libra-
ries have been searched, verified, and forwarded to the
printer by this Division. Although most of these entries
are in good form when received, all must be carefully
searched to prevent duplication, and the secondary entries
indicated on them must in every case be verified and cor-
related with those used by the Library of Congress.
In addition to the above, this Division has made a sub-
stantial direct contribution to the stock of cards. About
1,400 analytical entries covering the Annual reports of the
Smithsonian Institution from 1846 to 1907 have been pre-
pared and printed.
Valuable assistance in verifying the subject entries indi-
cated on the above-mentioned cards and in supplying in-
formation as to authors and circumstances of publication
was received from Mr. Paul Brockett, Librarian of the
Revised editions of Bulletins 14 and 15 covering series
published by the United States Department of Agriculture and
the United States Geological Survey have been issued during
All of the series of publications issued by the Smithsonian
Institution and the United States National Museum and
their bureaus having now been covered by printed cards so
far as it is desired to cover them, Bulletin 23 was issued,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 109
giving particulars as to the sets of cards now available for
For the past 10 years this Division has been endeavoring
to bring it about that all of the important series of publica-
tions thus far issued by the United States government
which it is desirable and practicable to cover by analytical
cards should be covered by such cards. This end has now
been accomplished. Nearly 200 series have been covered,
the number of different cards printed for them being about
30,000. About 8,000 of these entries have been supplied by
the Library of the Department of Agriculture, about 2,500
by the Library of the Geological Survey, about i ,000 by the
Library of the Bureau of Education, and about 1,400 by
the Library of the Bureau of Fisheries. The bulk of the
others has been contributed by the Catalogue Division of
the Library of Congress. Substantial assistance in this
direction has been received, however, from all the Govern-
ment libraries now cooperating in the printing of cards, the
full list being :
Library of the United States Department of Agriculture, 1902.
Library of the United States Geological Survey, 1904.
Library of the Army War College, 1907.
Library of the Bureau of Education, 1908.
Library of the Bureau of Fisheries, 1910.
Library of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1913.
Library of the Bureau of Standards, 1913.
Library of the Engineer School, 1913.
Library of the Smithsonian Institution, 1913.
Library of the Hygienic Laboratory. 1916.
Library of the Surgeon-General's Office 1916.
The first installment of copy from the Library of the
Surgeon-General's Office has just been received. As that
library is making a nearly exhaustive collection of the
current books on medicine, the addition of cards for its
entries will greatly strengthen the stock as regards this
The necessity of giving close personal attention to items
of work mentioned above, the absence of the First Assistant
Report of the Librarian of Congress
and two other assistants in connection with the exhibit at
San Francisco, and other circumstances, have prevented
satisfactory progress in compiling the manual on the ar-
rangement of cards which this Division has undertaken to
issue. Much work has been done on this, however, and
the prospect seems good that a provisional edition can be
issued in 1917.
(From the report of the Chief of the Order and Publications Division)
The following table exhibits the comparative statistics of
the distribution of publications of the Library for the past
three fiscal years:
a 2 c
Administrative and special distribu-
tion through the Library of Con-
Distribution through the office of the
Superintendent of Documents
3 I > I 3 I
Distribution through the Bureau of
Special distribution of publications
compiled but not printed by the
Library of Congress
Total number of publications
3 6 , J 77
3 6 > 497
Envelopes addressed for circulars. . .
Sold by the Superintendent of Doc-
c 19, 422
c 19, 6 3
c 20, 901
Received by the Superintendent for
$1, 567. 90
$i, 693. 25
$i, 566. 43
a Includes separate numbers of Subject headings and State publications (monthly
b Includes separate numbers of State publications (monthly list).
r Includes copyright publications.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 1
The foregoing statistics include the distribution figures for
five publications practically completed before June 30, 1915,
and therefore properly included by title in last year's list of
publications, but not received from the press until after
July i, 1915. These publications were:
List of references on prison labor.
Class P. Language and literature.
Guide to the law and legal literature of Spain.
Catalogue of first editions of Stephen C. Foster.
Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher collection of Incunabula.
The publications of the Library during the past year have Publication*
been as follows :
Report of the Librarian of Congress for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1915. 1915. 221 p. Plates. 25
cm. Cloth, 40 cents.
Supplementary list of publications of the Library.
January, 1916. 6 p. 20 cm.
Library of Congress publications issued since 1897.
January, 1915. 50 p. 20 cm.
Rules and practice governing the use and issue of
books. 1915. 16 p. 13 cm.
.Class A. General works. Polygraphy. Adopted 1911.
2d issue. 1915. 63 p. 26cm. Paper, 10 cents.
Class C. History Auxiliary sciences. 1916. 176 p.
26 cm. Paper, 25 cents.
Class D. Universal and Old World history. 1916.
633 p. 26 cm. Paper, 75 cents.
Class GR-GT. GR, Folklore; GT, Manners and Cus-
toms. (Completing Class G, Geography, Anthropol-
ogy, Sports and Games.) 1915. 43 p. 26 cm.
Paper, 5 cents.
Class HT. Social groups: Communities, Classes, Races.
1915. 24 p. 26cm. Paper, 5 cents.
H2 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Catalogue Division Continued
Doctoral Dissertations. A list of American doctoral
dissertations printed in 1913. 1914. 133 p. 23 1/2
cm. Cloth, 30 cents.
A list of American doctoral dissertations printed
in 1914. 1915. 157 p. 23 1/2 cm. Cloth, 30 cents.
Subject headings. Additions and revisions. No. 12.
- Preliminary lists of subject headings, with local
subdivision. 1916. 32 p. [Printed as manuscript
for the use of cataloguers at L. C.] [Gratis to libraries
which are supplying copy to be printed by I v . C.]
Monthly list of State publications. May-Dec., 1915;
Jan.-May, 1916. Paper, 50 cents a year.
Index and title-page for the year 1914.
Map Division :
Notes on the cataloging, care, and classification of maps
and atlases. Including a list of publications com-
piled in the Division of Maps and Charts. By P. L.
Phillips, Chief, Division of Maps and Charts. 1915.
20 p. 19 cm.
The meagerness of the foregoing list of publications is not
owing to lack of prepared material for publication. The
inadequacy of the allotment provided by Congress for our
printing and binding necessitated the total suspension in
October, 1915, of work begun at the Government printing
office in January, 1915, on volumes 24 and 25 of the Jour-
nals of the Continental Congress. Lack of funds also caused
the suspension of printing the forthcoming monumental
catalogue of "Dramatic compositions copyrighted in the
United States, July, 1870 to 1915," a work of about 3,500
pages, the copy for all of which has long been ready. Only
675 pages in signatures could be issued during the year.
Lack of funds also prevented the Division of Bibliography
from issuing any publications and induced it to turn to
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 3
other departments of the government for assistance in
publishing under other auspices several of its compilations.
Since the burdens of compilation, editing, and proof reading
were sustained by the Division of Bibliography and that of
preparing mailing lists and mailing labels by the Publica-
tions section, it is proper to note these lists here as Library
of Congress undertakings, the- credit for whose publication
belongs elsewhere, as indicated:
List of references on Child labor. Prepared under the
direction of Hermann H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliogra-
pher. Published by the Children's Bureau.
U. S. Dept. of commerce. Bureau of foreign and domestic
commerce. The cotton-spinning machinery industry.
Washington, Govt. print, off., 1916. 99 p.
Bibliography on Textile machinery, prepared by H. H.
B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer, Library of Congress:
- Post Office department. The United States postal
money-order system. Washington [Govt. print, off.]
1915. 156 p.
List of references on the Postal money-order service, pre-
pared by Hermann H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer,
Library of Congress: p. 125-156.
List of references on Postal savings banks. Prepared
under the direction of Hermann H. B. Meyer, Chief
Bibliographer. Published by the Post Office de-
A catalogue of our very notable collection of the first
editions of the compositions of Edward McDowell, compiled
by Mr. Sonneck and ready for printing early in the fiscal
year, was also deferred for lack of funds.
Among the critical comments upon publications distrib-
uted since July i, 1915, were the following regarding the
"Guide to the law and legal literature of Spain;" pre-
pared under the direction of E. M. Borchard, Law Librarian.
114 Report of the Librarian of Congress
By Thomas W. Palmer, jr. From the Harvard law review,
volume xxix, No. 5, March, 1916:
This book deals with an important part of one of the most important
movements now current. The movement is the attempt to teach
the people of one country something about the views and institutions
of other countries; and the part of that movement with which this
book has to do is the attempt to enable the lawyers of the United
States to learn something about the system lying at the basis of the
law of Latin America.
[The reviewer then analyzes the work in detail and concludes:]
In short, here is an intelligent plan, well executed, dealing with
interesting subjects and facilitating a movement of importance to the
American lawyer and to the whole world.
From the Illinois law review, volume xi, No. i, May, 1916:
This work is the third valuable contribution in a valuable series.
It was preceded by a similar guide to the legal literature of Germany
(1912), and a bibliography of international and continental law (1913).
The present guide is to be the foundation of another book, now in
preparation, dealing with the legal literature of Latin America. Among
readers already familiar with the earlier issues of this series hardly
anything more need be said, when it is stated that the present contri-
bution is executed on the same general plan, and under the able
direction of Dr. Borchard, the law librarian of the Library of Congress.
[After an analysis and comment in detail the reviewer concludes:]
As aguide, merely, to Spanish law writing and legislation, from a modern
and practical point of view, this effort may be highly commended,
and we may look forward with satisfaction to the forthcoming publi-
cations in the series.
From the University of Pennsylvania law review and
American law register, volume 64, No. 3, January, 1916:
This volume is worthy of its predecessors: "Guide to the Law and
Legal Literature of Germany" (1912) and "Bibliography of Interna-
tional Law and Continental Law" (1913), the aim of which was "to
make more readily accessible to the investigator of foreign and com-
parative law" the sources of his subject. The student, entering upon
graduate work, who has his way to hew in a little explored field, and
the librarian who aspires to build up a useful and well balanced sec-
tion of foreign law, will welcome these guides heartily. It was sound
foresight that induced the Library of Congress to undertake Spanish
Bibliography 'before the richer fields of France and Italy. Brazil
excepted, Spanish influence upon the law of Latin America has of
course been paramount, and this guide to Spanish legal literature
" contributes the foundation for a Guide to the Law and Legal Litera-
ture of Latin America," which we learn is already in preparation.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 5
In so difficult, useful, and interesting an undertaking we wish the
[After some comments of detail the review concludes:]
The author's analysis of the various collections of laws and decisions
is very valuable. The subject is invariably confusing, and we trust
that in the difficult Latin American field this subject will be carefully
and fully treated. The section of Administrative Law and Labor
Legislation is particularly rich.
The " Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher Collection of
Incunabula; " compiled by Frederick W. Ashley, chief of the
Order Division, issued in September, 1915, has been the sub-
ject of extended comment in European as well as American
bibliographical journals, among which it is interesting to
note that of Prof. Dr. Ernst Voullieme, Oberbibliothekar,
Konigliche Bibliothek, Berlin, in Zentralblatt fur Biblio-
thekswesen, 32: 398-99, December, 1915. Translated it
runs as follows :
The library of the American historian and statesman, John Boyd
Thacher, who died on the 2$th of February, 1909, which besides the
literature of his special fields of work (the explorations of Columbus and
the history of the French Revolution) included a remarkable collection
of autographs and old imprints, was intrusted to the Library of Con-
gress as a deposit, by his widow on April 27, 1910, and the Library
authorities took early steps to make useful to investigators the section
of fifteenth century imprints by means of the completed catalogue now
lying before us.
Since the collector's effort was to bring together specimens from the
greatest possible number of presses, there are represented in a total of
840 works (exclusive of a small number of duplicates) no less than 500
presses in 128 cities. Of the 840 works there were printed in Germany
224; in Italy, 471; in Switzerland, 40; in France, 57; in Holland, 18;
in Belgium, n; in Austria, 5; in Spain, 8; in Kngland, 4; in Sweden
and Portugal, each i. Under each country the presses are arranged by
cities in the order in which they appear in the history of printing,
similar to Proctor's Index. Complete descriptions are given of only
a small number of imprints those not yet elsewhere described; for
the remainder the compiler with absolute propriety contents himself
with a short title entry and a reference to the existing bibliographies
and catalogues, such as Hain, Copinger, Campbell, Reichling, Proctor,
British Museum, Pellechet, Collijn, etc. Statements concerning the
peculiarities of the copies, rubrications, illuminations, binding, old
notes of previous ownership and similar matters complete the entry.
Numerous autograph notes of the collector concerning the circum-
stances of acquisition and the significance of particular imprints as first
1 1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress
issues of a press or of a printing locality indicate the interest which he
knew how to derive from his treasures . . .
The most valuable item in the collection is the Durandus of 1459
(Ricci 65 No. 43), on parchment bound in 2 volumes. Unfortunately,
leaves 119 and 120 are missing. Leaves i, 4-6, 79, 80, 82, 83, 85, and
129, as well as duplicates of 3 and 46 (with typographical variations)
are from a copy with smaller margins. This and the book plate of the
Duke of Sussex, whose auction number and the Ashburnham sale num-
ber 1449 in tne second volume, show its identity with the copy whose
history was written by Ricci under No. 61.
Of other rarities I mention only in addition No. 825, the Biblia Bo-
hemica, Kuttenberg, 1489; No. 165, the Breviarium Moguntinense,
Marienthal, 1474; No. 101, Heiligenleben, Augsburg Schonsperger,
1487 (the Winterteil only), of which the copy at Kopenhagen seems
to be the only other known (Shreiber 43 1 1 ) ; No. 7 1 , the same , Cologne :
Ludwig vonRenchen, 1485; No. 219, Nitzschewitz, Novum psalterium,
Zinna; No. 84, Vocabularius exquo, Eltville Nic Bechtermiinze, 21
Dec. 1477 (or 1476?), the fourth edition printed from the type of Peter
Drach in Speyer.
Ashley 's work has been done with extraordinary care and exactness,
so that suggestions for improvements are hardly to be made : No. 168 was
printed by an unknown printer from type 2 of Nic Goetz in Cologne, as
Zaretzky has shown, see Zeit. f. Bibw. v. 23, p. 260. No. 56, Hemmer-
lin's Opuscula I hold now to be an imprint of Georg Husner in Strass-
burg (see above, p. 311); to him are also to be credited numbers 37
and 38. No. 303, the 24-line edition of Plutarch's Problimata, has
rightly been identified in the final index of the Wooley-Photographs
(1905) as an imprint of Andreas de Bellfortis' type 2. No. 762 is Pelle-
chct 4048 (wrongly entered before Cumanus and so easily overlooked).
Complete indexes of the countries, towns, printers, and publishers, as
well as the Hain numbers, bring the work to a close.
From the official organ of the British library association,
the Library Association Record, volume xvni, No. 2, Feb-
ruary 15, 1916, regarding the Thacher catalogue:
This catalogue has been compiled on the same lines as the great
bibliographical models of recent years, the British Museum Catalogue
and Pollard's Catalogue of the Hawkins collection, to mention no more.
It comprises entries of  books, all printed during the fifteenth
century, and represents at least one of the publications from each of
[more than] 500 presses flourishing in that century. No other private
collection has so great a number of separate presses, and the fame of the
Library of Congress is further enhanced by the custody of the collection,
subject to the pleasure of the widow of the collector. The books are
accessible to students and investigators for research purposes, and this
should prove extremely valuable in a country where bibliography is so
much valued and appreciated as it is in the United States of America.
The late John Boyd Thacher, to whom this collection of incunabula
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 7
belonged, was something more than a collector; besides glorying in the
possession of the books, he loved to hunt for and describe his treasures.
His publication " The Continent of America" is by far the most sump-
tuous bibliographical and cartographical work on the discovery and
naming of America that has ever appeared in English. His elaborate
work of the Life and Work of Christopher Columbus is probably the
most voluminous of its kind ever devoted to Columbus published in
the United States, and it brought within reach a considerable range of
material not hitherto accessible.
The arrangement of the catalogue is chronological ; first, by countries
in the order in which printing was introduced into each; second, by
towns arranged on the same principle ; third-, by presses in the order of
their establishment in the towns; and, fourth, by books in the probable
order of their issue from the press. This method has the sanction of
most modern authorities, and if it has any disadvantages they are cov-
ered by full indexes of Places, Printers, Authors, Titles, and"Hain"
numbers. The volume is admirably produced by the Government
Printing Office at Washington on good, durable paper and well bound in
a serviceable way suitable for constant use . The compiler has done his
work with great care, and it is difficult to say whether it could be better
From the Boston Evening Transcript, March 22, 1916:
Of the many catalogues issued from time to time by the Library of
Congress few are more important and worthy of permanent preservation
than the recent "Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher Collection of
Incunabula," compiled by Frederick W. Ashley, Chief of the Order
Division. The Thacher collection of incunabula, which includes 840
specimens of the work of the earliest printers, more than 500 different
printers before the year 1500 being represented, was deposited on
April 27, 1910, in the Library of Congress, subject to the pleasure of
Mrs. John Boyd Thacher. As the collection is accessible to the student,
in accordance with her wishes, the preparation of a suitable catalogue
was a necessity, and the work has been well performed by Mr. Ashley,
the result being a handsome quarto volume, with a portrait of Mr.
Thacher, and numerous facsimiles. Mr. Thacher was well known to
all book collectors, and before his death, which occurred in 1909, the
"Nation ' ' said of him : " It would be difficult to name any other Ameri-
can collector who has expended equal sums for the possession of biblio-
graphic treasures, who has given such good proof of understanding why
each volume has a proper and necessary place upon his shelves. ' ' The
catalogue fully bears out his assertion. The arrangement is that fol-
lowed in Proctor's "Index," which has the sanction of high authori-
ties. It is chronological, first, by countries in the order in which print-
ing was introduced in each; second, by towns, arranged on the same
principle; third, by presses in the order of their establishment; and,
finally, by books in the probable chronological order of their issue.
The list is by no means inclusive of the entire Thacher deposit, which
has also many valuable sixteenth century issues works relating to
1 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Columbus and the discovery of America and numerous editions of
Ptolemy, Mexican imprints, and bibliographical works. It is, how-
ever, a valuable working tool for the bibliographer and student of
fifteenth century printing.
From the Dial, January 6, 1916:
To Mr. Frederick W. Ashley, Chief of the Order Division of the Lib-
rary of Congress, we are indebted for a handsome quarto "Catalogue of
the John Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula. " This collection is
intrusted by Mrs. Thacher to the custody of the Library of Congress, and
the present full and scholarly enumeration and description of its riches
will greatly facilitate its intelligent use by those desiring access to it.
An n-page biographical sketch of Mr. Thacher is prefixed. The Gov-
ernment Printing Office issues the work.
From the Library Journal, February, 1916:
The most important bibliographical publication issued by the Lib-
rary of Congress during the past year is the fine " Catalogue of the John
Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula" compiled by Frederick W.
Ashley, Chief of the Order Division of that Library. This is important
both as a record of a rich collection now accessible to the research
worker and because of the quality of the cataloguing and the biblio-
From the Vice Director of one of the oldest of American
library schools comes the comment:
... It is one of the most beautiful pieces of catalogue making that
American librarianship has yet produced . . .
From the Bibliographical Society of America: Papers, vol-
ume 10, No. i, 1916:
The Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher Collection of Incunabula,
now deposited in the Library of Congress, discloses the contents of an
important collection of early printed books and a valuable addition is
made to the all too small number of catalogues of incunabula collec-
tions in this country. The Thacher collection being now on deposit
in the Library of Congress, the books it contains are made available to
students. It would be interesting to make an analysis of the subjects
of which the 840 volumes in the collection treat. A casual examina-
tion of 68 titles reveals 40 works on theology, 5 volumes of classical
authors, i of neo-Latin poetry, i book on oratory, 4 historical works, 4
philosophical, 4 medical, 2 works dealing with scientific subjects, 2
with mythology, 3 with law, and i encyclopedic work. That theology
should prevail is, of course, natural, especially as the object of Mr.
Thacher was not to collect books on the subjects that particularly in-
terested him, such as history, but to gather together examples of the
work of as many printing offices from the first half century of printing
as possible. In this he succeeded remarkably well, as is shown by
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 1 9
the 10^3 pages of index to printers that the editor of the catalogue has
compiled. Mr. Ashley has wisely refrained from collating with
minuteness all the books in the collection and confined himself to give
full descriptions of such books as have not been described elsewhere,
and of which the Thacher collection seems to contain quite a number.
For the rest, enough is given to identify each book, with references to
authorities. Much care has rightly been given to describing the copy
in hand, including occasional notes on fly-leaves in Mr. Thacher 's own
hand. Former owners are mentioned, but no index to these has been
given, as might easily have been done.
The following concerning the "Catalogue of first editions
of Stephen C. Foster," by Walter R. Whittlescy and O. G.
Sonneck, Chief, Music Division, is taken from the Music
Student, London, June, 1916:
Some months ago, when the Editor of The Music Student was in
Washington, he had the pleasure of seeing something of the wonderful
collection of Stephen Foster exhibits collected in the Music Section of
the Library of Congress. Now we have received from the Library its
Catalogue of First Editions of Stephen C. Foster (1826-1864), by Walter
R. Whittlesey and O. G. Sonneck.
This sort of thing is one of those they do supremely well in the United
States, and the amount of information concerning the 158 Songs of
Foster which has been collected is evidence of careful and prolonged
research . . .
Foster was not a "great composer," but he has probably given as
much pleasure to the English-speaking peoples of the new world and
the old as any musician who ever lived. The United States does well
to cherish him as a national possession . . .
The music critic of the New York Times comments as fol-
... It is needless to say that the volume embodies the utmost accu-
racy and minuteness of research that characterize all Mr. Sonneck 's
work and that of his assistants.
DIVISION OF BIBLIOGRAPHY
(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Meyer)
Beside the compilation of select bibliographies which find
their way into print (as illustrated for the past year under
"Publications," supra) the activities of the Division include
(i) the answer to requests for bibliographic information
coming from the Members of Congress, Legislative Reference,
Reading Room, (2) answers to similar requests by mail,
1 20 Report of the Librarian of Congress
and (3) the preparation of lists in typewritten form which
are available in special exigencies. These latter differ
from the printed lists only in the fact that they are im-
printed. Below is a list of the subjects treated by the
Division during the year.
Typewritten Advertising (35 p.); Agricultural education in Denmark,
England, France, and Germany (4 p.); Determination of
alcohol in organic substances (4 p.); Sanitation and public
hygiene in ancient Rome (2 p . ) ; Archives and their care in
the United States (5 p.); Armed merchant vessels (6 p.);
Ballot reform exclusive of the Short ballot (9 p . ) ; Bible in
art, history, and literature (5 p.) ; Biographies of Americans
prominent since the Civil war (n p.); Big brother and Big
sister movements (2 p.) ; Canberra, capital of Australia
(3 p.); Chain stores (4 p.); History of chemical industry
(2 p.); City manager plan of municipal government (n p.);
English translation of Italian classics (5 p.) ; English trans-
lation of Spanish classics (4 p.) ; Cloture (7 p.) ; Cocoanuts and
cocoanut oil (3 p.); Combustion of hydro-carbon gases
(3 P-)i Commercial year-books and similar publications
(7 p.) ; Commercialism (4 p.) ; Conservation and preservation
of scenery, historic monuments, etc. (3 p.); Conservation of
natural resources Speeches in Congress (2 p.) ; Contempt of
court (3 p.); Continental Congress (6 p.); Cost of selling
(5 p.); Czechs or Bohemians (3 p.); Supplementary list on
the Danish West Indies (2 p.) ; Defenses of the United States
(6 p.); Domestic science (especially food and cooking) in
relation to working people (12 p.); Dumping (10 p.); Dye-
stuffs (Chemistry, manufacture and trade) (n p.); East
India Company (9 p.) ; Life and inventions of Thomas A.
Edison (5 p.) ; Construction and operation of passenger and
freight elevators (5 p.); Embargo. (12 p.); Additional
references on Employers' liability and workmen's compen-
sation (3 p.); Employers' liability insurance (especially
mutual or cooperative) (8 p.); National and municipal en-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 121
dowed theaters (5 p.) ; Effect of European war on religion
(3 p.); Financial influence of European war, especially on
the United States (5 p.); Forecasts of the conditions of
Europe after the war (5 p.) ; Manufacture, testing, and trans-
portation of explosives (8 p) ; . Factors which determine rates
of interest (5 p.) ; Recent books on Feminism (4 p . ) ; Finan-
cial and banking relations between the United States and
Latin America (9 p.); Fire prevention (Supplementary to list
printed in Special Libraries Feb., 1913) (9 p.); Flour milling
(3 p.) ; Fraudulent practices in the promotion of corporations
and the sale of securities (9 p.) ; Freight classification (3 p.) ;
Gadsden purchase (3 p.) ; Recent references on Garden cities
(5 p) ; Uses of gases in warfare (2 p.) ; Explosion of gases (4 p.) ;
. Substitutes for gasoline in motor cars, engines, etc. (2 p.) ;
Speeches in Congress on Government ownership (2 p.);
Speeches in Congress on Government ownership of railroads
(3 p.); Speeches in Congress on Government ownership of
telephone and telegraph (2 p.) ; Americanization of the immi-
grant (4 p.) ; Imperialism, expansion, government of depend-
encies, etc. (2 p . ) ; Industrial insurance (with special refer-
ence to Accident insurance) (6 p.) ; Industrial surveys (3 p.) ;
Information bureaus in Washington, D. C. (2 p.); Interna-
tionalism (8 p.); Speeches in Congress on Intervention in
Mexico (4 p.); Intervention in Nicaragua (i p.); Iodine,
chiefly its occurrence and manufacture (2 p.) ; Jewelry indus-
try (3 p.); Selection of judges, appointment vs. election
(7 p.) ; Design and construction of small library buildings
(3 p.) ; Lincoln highway (2 p.) ; Liquor question in its hygienic,
economic, and social phases (24 p.); Local option (3 p.);
Long distance telephone communication (Trans- Atlantic and
Trans-Continental) (2 p.); Mercantile marine subsidies and
government operation of steamship lines (ship purchase)
(Supplementary to printed lists 1906, 1911) (9 p.); Militar-
ism (n p.); Military and naval education in Germany (with
special reference to the training of officers) (4 p.) ; Military
122 Report of the Librarian of Congress
m schools, colleges, and universities (9 p.); Militia
(5 P-) J Commerce in munitions of war between United States
and European belligerents, 1914-1915 (5 p.); Nautical edu-
cation (6 p.) ; Bibliographies on New England states (4 p.) ;
Nicaraguan treaty (2 p.); Fixation of atmospheric nitrogen
(4 p.) ; Open door policy in China (4 p.) ; Brief list on Pan-
ama-California Exposition (2 p.); Additional references on
Panama- Pacific Exposition (2 p.) ; Patriotic societies (5 p.) ;
Bibliographies on petroleum and animal and vegetable oils
(5 p.); Independence of Philippines (n p.); Police power
(5 p.) ; Populist party (3 p.) ; Potash deposits in Spain and
Chile (2 p.) ; Military and naval preparedness (4 p.) ; Speeches
in Congress on preparedness (64th Cong., ist sess.) (2 p.);
Prison reform (7 p.) ; Recent references on Public service
rates with special reference to regulation (Cabs, electricity,
gas, street railways, telephone, water) (18 p.); Bibliographies
on the Regulation of public utilities (4 p.) ; Publicity for
the states (n p.); Quarries for road-making materials in
the several states (15 p.) ; Recall or dismissal of foreign rep-
resentatives by the Executive (6 p.); Reindeer industry
(4 p.) ; Research facilities in American libraries (5 p.) ; Bibli-
ographies on Retailing (2 p.); Rice industry (2 p.); Races
of Russia (5 p.) ; Seamen in the merchant marine (in rela-
tion to the Seamen's law of the United States, and Safety at
sea) (14 p.); Secret diplomacy and a more democratic con-
trol of foreign policy (2 p.) ; Serpent in folklore and mythol-
ogy (6 p.) ; Ship purchase bill (Speeches in Congress) (4 p.) ;
Manufacture, chemistry, and physiological effects of snuff
(3 p.); Soap (6 p.); Social centers (4 p.); Spectroscopy
(8 p.) ; State military police (3 p.) ; Thaddeus Stevens (5 p.) ;
Swiss military system (9 p.) ; Taft's (William Howard) plan
for international peace (2 p.) ; Brief list on tariff (3 p.) ; Tariff
commissions (16 p.); Taxation of inheritances, Jan., 1910-
Dec., 1915 (8 p.) ; Taxation of intangible property (with spe-
cial reference to mortgages) (5 p.) ; Exemption from taxation
Report of the Librarian of Congress 123
of the property of churches and educational institutions
(4 p.) ; Textile machinery (16 p.) ; Management and finance of
the theater and show business (3 p.) ; Tobacco leaf curing
(2 p.) ; Stability of trade (3 p.) ; Trade and commercial direc-
tories of foreign countries (3 p.) ; Trade directories published
in the United States (10 p.); Trade of the United States as
affected by the war (Supplementary to list published in
Special libraries, Dec., 1914) (14 p.); Trade organization in
Germany (7 p.) ; Trade unions among government employees
(6 p.); Traveling libraries (10 p.); International relations
between United States and Russia (5 p.) ; Brief list on United
States territorial possessions (2 p.); Relation between va-
grancy and crime (3 p.) ; Valuation of real property for taxa-
tion (7 p.) ; Water terminals, particularly municipal owned
water terminals (5 p.); Welfare work for' laborers (12 p.);
Wit, humor, laughter, satire, etc. (2 1 p.) ; History and de-
velopment of Wyoming (3 p.).
The following lists were published in "Special libraries":
List of references on Government aid to farmers and immigrants.
Special libraries, Sept. 1915, v. 6: 119-126.
List of references on Traffic control in cities. Special libraries, Dec.
1915, v. 6: 163-170.
List of recent references on Public service rates with special reference
to regulation. Special libraries, Feb. 1916, v. 7: 21-29.
List of references on the Cost of selling. Special libraries, Mar. 1916,
v. 7: 47-49-
List of references on Advertising. Special libraries, Apr. 1916, v. 7:
List of commercial year-books and similar publications (Supplemen-
tary). Special libraries, May, 1916, v. 7: 86-88.
(From the annual reports of the Custodian, Mr. Brockett, and the
assistant in charge, Mr. Parsons)
Mr. Brockett reports that the publications transmitted for
the Deposit during the year amounted to 18,627 pieces, as
follows: 3,101 volumes, 1,777 parts f volumes, 383 pam-
phlets, 13,155 periodicals, and 211 charts.
1 24 Report of the Librarian of Congress
SMITHSONIAN Conditions at the beginning of the year made it apparent
that work upon our American sets, and those of countries
least affected by the War, would be the most effective.
Want lists of United States societies were prepared and the
Smithsonian Institution and the Order Division of the Li-
brary immediately undertook to obtain as much of the
desired material as possible. The titles of 520 series having
breaks were enumerated, and the results have been that 54
were completed, and additions were received to 151 other
series; also, in many instances, promises for continuations
The correspondence has given us much information con-
cerning defunct societies, suspended and discontinued pub-
lications, and listed books which have never been issued.
Notes of this information have been placed on our cards by
This work has proved very profitable in other ways than
in the mere addition to the number of volumes received for
The reprinting of cards for the many society series cata-
logued some years ago has involved the necessity of recata-
loguing these sets, and much additional information has been
added to that originally recorded; this work also shows in
a very gratifying way the results of our efforts in the past
years to complete our sets.
The Card Catalogue of all printed Smithsonian titles
(books in the Smithsonian Deposit) has been kept up to
date. The list of titles for the proposed Serial List has been
completed for the letter "C"; and all cards added to the
main Catalogue of the Library have been checked for the
letters A, B, and C.
There have been completed 1,438 volumes, and 2,183 vol-
umes have been sent to the bindery during the year, a slight
increase over 1914-15, in spite of the small amount of for-
eign material received; only a small portion of the above
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 25
has been rebinding, but much more will soon be required
for sets that have been much in circulation.
The circulation of unbound material from the- "War
Zone" has been necessarily somewhat restricted in order
to preserve and bind as promptly as possible our serial sets,
to make them available for general reference. Unbound
material is frequently damaged or lost in circulation, and
replacements involve delay even if ultimately obtained.
A large amount of transfer material has been searched,
a small per cent retained, and the balance added to our
store of duplicates.
The duplicates of serials are being rearranged and a rough
index is being prepared to facilitate the ready reference to
them, which is occasionally required.
Early in the year the Smithsonian Institution undertook
the completion and binding of many of their entomological
sets. In this we assisted to the best of our ability. Later,
the American want lists brought in many engineering and
technical society publications.
The acquisitions of the publications of South American
societies have received an impetus from the meeting in
this city of the Second Pan American Scientific Congress
in January last. The files of Canadian and Australasian
publications are being reviewed and needed volumes ac-
quired as we are able to obtain them. Decided progress in
the acquisition of all of the foregoing items has been made.
The manuscript material for the Foreign section of the
Handbook of Learned Societies has been of much use to us
since it was collected. Quite a number of other libraries
have called upon us for information from its stores during
the past year. The Columbia University and the New
York Public library have had an employee engaged for
nearly a month in culling from our catalogue and from
these manuscripts the history of various Societies and
their publications and about 200 titles have been written up
from these sources.
126 Report of the Librarian of Congress
READING ROOM FOR THE BLIND
(From the report of the assistant in charge, Mrs. Rider)
READING ROOM The following table shows the collection of books, music
FOR THE BLIND:
Collection scores, and periodicals, by types :
American Braille 366
English Braille 459
Line type 394
Moon type. 562
New York point i, 42 1
Standard dot 22
Total 3 , 224
Music scores :
Braille '. 131
New York point 124
American Braille 6
English Braille 1 1
Moon type . i
New York point 7
The collection comprises :
Volumes 3, 224
Music scores 255
Maps and plans 158
Total 3, 672
The year closed with one-third more borrowers registered
and a normal increase in circulation. Loans were made to
blind persons in 38 states.
A large percentage of the books sent out of the District of
Columbia went to readers in the Middle West and South,
where there are few embossed books available for the adult
blind. Of the total borrowers, a considerable number only
supplemented their reading with matter from the Library
of Congress not obtainable in their own states. We con-
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 27
sistently avoided sending regular loans into territory sup-
plied by large library centers.
A few small loans were made to libraries having no em-
bossed reading matter, and the books were changed from
time to time.
The resources of the Room for the Blind had increased
local circulation in the last month of the year. In March,
1916, resident blind people undertook volunteer home-
teaching in the District of Columbia and placed at the
disposal of "shut-ins" and newly blinded, the books and
appliances available here.
Five hundred and fifty-eight volumes were accessioned
during the year; of this number 145 new publications were
On account of the uncertainty about type the American
presses printed fewer books than usual. Several new periodi-
cals and weekly news sheets started during the year, passed
the experimental stage, and obtained supporting circulation.
The National Institute for the Blind, London, embossed
a large number of books in English Braille and in Moon type,
among them timely titles on matters relating to the war.
The adoption of a uniform type seems imminent. In
April, 1916, the Commission on Uniform Type for the Blind
invited co-workers in Great Britain to appoint a committee
of three, having authority to work with a like committee in
America, toward the improvement of English Braille, with a
view to the possibility of its adoption as the uniform type
of the English-speaking world. Certain changes in English
Braille were suggested to the proper authorities in Great
Britain, and these changes are the basis of the committee's
report to the Halifax Convention of American Instructors of
the Blind, July, 1916. It is anticipated that a substantial
agreement on a revised Braille may lead to its acceptance
128 Report of the Librarian of Congress .
In the fall of 1915, to relieve the crowded condition of
Room 44 and anticipate the requirements of a growing
collection, temporary wooden shelving was erected in the
basement, and a thousand books transferred there. To-day
1,500 volumes are shelved in the basement. For a 20-
minute period each morning and longer in the afternoons, a
messenger has, when possible, been sent from the Reading
Room to assist in the daily exchange of books kept there.
Following custom, a musical program or lecture was pro-
vided for the blind of the city one evening a week from
November to May. The attendance registered for the
season shows no diminution of interest or appreciation.
A device to enable the blind to read print by sound was
brought to the attention of educators and workers for the
blind assembled in conference at Berkeley in July, 1915. It
is known as the Crystal Phonopticon and is described briefly
as follows :
A little box called the "eye" is moved by the blind operator over a
line of print, then through telephone receivers fastened to his ears,
tones are heard. Each letter gives out a certain combination of tones
which blind people are able to distinguish without previous experience.
The invention is yet in the laboratory stages.
In June and July, 1915, the assistant in charge visited
several western libraries, schools, and industrial training
shops for the blind, and attended the combined conferences
of the American Association of Workers for the Blind and
the American Association of Instructors of the Blind at
Berkeley, Cal. Proceeding to Japan in July she there
inspected the educational institutions for the blind and
gathered information on the status of the Japanese blind.
During the year two important libraries for the blind were
revisited those of the Perkins Institution and Massa-
chusetts School for the Blind at Watertown and of the
New York Public Library.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 29
As chairman of the committee of the American Library
Association on work with the blind, the assistant in charge
compiled an inventory of Canadian libraries for the blind
and prepared a re'sume' of the year's library work for the
blind in America.
LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE DIVISION
(From the reports of the Legislative assistant, Mr. Thompson, and the
Administrative assistant, Mr. Collins)
The original appropriation for "Legislative Reference"
defined the function of the new service in the words :
To prepare such indexes, digests, and compilations of law as may be
required by Congress or for other official use.
The actual demands from Members and committees dur-
ing the third session of the Sixty-third Congress, however,
showed a wider range of requirement, as was indicated in
the last annual report, and the terms of the appropriation
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1916, were accordingly
varied from those of the preceding year so as to read :
To gather, classify, and make available, in translations, indexes,
digests, compilations, and bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing
upon legislation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress and
committees and Members thereof.
In view of this extension of the scope of the Legislative LEGISLATIVE REP-
Reference service it was considered desirable to modify its Legal section
tentative plan of organization, so that inquiries involving an
examination and report upon law would be treated by a special
group of investigators. From the beginning of the session,
therefore, such inquiries have been segregated and referred
to the Legislative Assistant, who has been held responsible
for their treatment. The field assigned to this legal section
was defined to include :
(i) The preparation of digests and compilations of statutes, statutory
rules and orders, constitutional provisions and court decisions in any
130 Report of the Librarian of Congress
jurisdiction, United States, state, or foreign, including comparative
(2) The preparation of briefs on the constitutionality of proposed
legislation and on the judicial construction of words and phrases and
other technical matters in the text of bills and resolutions, introduced
or intended to be introduced in Congress;
(3) Any indexing of the United States, State, and foreign legislation
which may be undertaken from time to time;
(4) The preparation of digests and compilations on international law
topics from treaties, conventions, proceedings of conferences., and from
American and foreign international law writers.
As this branch of the work involves primarily the use of
the law collections and the card Index of the Federal statutes,
it has been carried on in close proximity to the Law Division
in the main Library and in the room assigned for legislative
reference purposes at the Capitol where the Index apparatus
was located. It was found, however, that this separation
involved some administrative difficulties and that more
prompt and efficient service could be rendered if the two
offices were consolidated by transferring the Index apparatus
and the assistants engaged on it to the main Library.
During the session it also became clear that the mainte-
nance of this room at the Capitol for the receipt of inquiries
was, on account of its inconvenient location, of little advan-
tage to Members, who generally preferred to make their
requests for information by letter or telephone or in person
at the Library. In fact, during the year only 3 per cent of
the inquiries received were made at the office in the Capitol.
Consequently in the latter part of June the transfer of the
Index files to the main Library was carried out and the
Capitol office was closed temporarily.
The following statement of the work of the legal section
from the beginning of the session to the end of the fiscal
year includes only digests, compilations, or translations
actually undertaken and completed. It omits those re-
quests which were met by reference to material already
available in print in convenient form.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 131
Of the inquiries treated those calling for the preparation f>i#*t*a*<icom
filiation! of United
of digests or compilations of Federal statute law constituted stales laws
the largest class numerically. The range of inquiry is indi-
cated by the following list of subjects covered, in which
related topics have been grouped together:
Commerce. Exclusion of articles from interstate com-
merce; Collection of statistics of commerce on navigable
waters ; Prohibition of exportation or importation in certain
Courts and civil procedure. Jurisdiction of the Court of
Claims; United States Court for China; Appeals and writs
of error; Appointment of Federal judges in Hawaii and
Alaska; Interchange of judges; Appointment of receivers for
corporations; Assignability of personal injury claim; Prima
Criminal law. Capital punishment in the District of Co-
lumbia, in the Territories, Insular possessions, and other
places within Federal jurisdiction.
Executive departments. Delegation of powers of Congress
to departments and commissions; Discretionary powers of
heads of departments.
Finance and treasury. Collection districts; Internal rev-
enue laws, 1789-1915; Federal inheritance taxation; Sub-
treasuries of the United States; Customs division of the
Treasury department ; Appropriations, Sixty-fourth Congress.
Insular affairs. Civil government for Porto Rico.
Liquor traffic. Revocation of liquor clauses in Indian
treaties; Appropriations for International Congress against
Merchant marine. Restrictions on clearance of vessels;
Safety of passengers on steamships; Transportation of ex-
plosives in passenger vessels.
Military and naval affairs. National Guard in active serv-
ice; Employment for honorably discharged soldiers; Rein-
132 Report of the Librarian of Congress
statement; Prosecution for sale of food unfit for the Army;
Medals granted by Congress.
Postal affairs. Blue-tag second-class matter; Discretion-
ary powers of the Postmaster-General; Exclusion of articles
from the mails ; Franks and franking privileges ; Use of mails
for transmitting spurious rituals; Carrying the mail land
grants and compensation to railroads.
Public property. Sale of public property and disposal of
proceeds; Purchase of land for agricultural experiment
farms ; Land grants to various states ; Use of flag on govern-
Public works. Construction of Panama railroad; Direct
employment of labor or contracts for public works.
Miscellaneous. Legal holidays; Extension of patents for
designs; Standard time; Protection of American citizens
abroad; Naturalization of honorably discharged soldiers;
Quarantine stations; Consent of Congress to contracts and
agreements between states.
The purpose of the Member making inquiry was often not
disclosed, but it was evident that in most cases he desired to
obtain a compact and reliable statement of existing law,
either as a preliminary to drafting a bill to amend or sup-
plement it, or as a means of determining what changes some
pending bill would effect if enacted into law in fact a report
on such changes was specifically requested and furnished in
the case of the bill to provide civil government for Porto
Rico, various bills relating to the Court of Claims, and
certain provisions of the Farm Loan bill.
statutory prece- In certain cases, however, he desired to find statutory
precedents for a bill or resolution which he wished to intro-
duce. Closely related to these were the inquiries for
standard forms of bills and resolutions for particular pur-
poses, e. g., creation of a joint congressional committee of
inquiry or an international joint commission, establishment
of a collection district, reinstatement in the Army or Navy, etc,
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 33
Another type of assistance rendered is represented by a statutory con-
schedule of recent decisions in the Federal courts constru-
ing the Bankruptcy Acts, prepared for the House Commit-
tee on Revision of the Laws to accompany its draft of a
bill to revise, consolidate, and amend these laws, and by
memoranda on the interpretation of various words and
Statements regarding attempted legislation in previous c ^
Congresses on matters of recurrent interest were also called
for during the session, e. g., the inheritance-tax provisions
in the Payne tariff bill and the dumping duty clause in the
Underwood tariff bill, passed by the House of Representa-
tives but stricken out in the Senate, and the various pro-
posals for the Federal incorporation or licensing of concerns
engaged in interstate commerce.
A large and important group of inquiries related to con . ^ o
stitutional questions and involved the digesting of Federal
court decisions and the compilation of pertinent material
from the debates in the Federal Convention and other docu-
ments of constitutional history, the collections of congres-
sional precedents, and the leading treatises on constitutional
law. As might be expected, the majority of these queried
whether a particular piece of proposed legislation came
within the scope of the powers of Congress. Among such
matters were delegation to a tariff commission of power to
fix tariff rates, regulation of ocean freight rates, prohibition
of interstate commerce in convict-made goods, Federal
jurisdiction concerning game, and over land purchased by
the United States without the consent of the State in which
it is located, taxation of aliens and of American income and
property of persons living abroad. These required discus-
sion of the limits of powers expressly granted to Congress.
But in other cases authorities were cited to indicate the line
of demarcation between the legislative and executive powers,
as, for instance, in reference to control of foreign affairs and
134 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the delegation of powers to the heads of departments ; or to
outline the field from which Congress is excluded by powers
expressly granted to the President, e. g., in relation to par-
dons and recess appointments, or by privileges of the Judi-
ciary, as in the case of the proposal for superannuation of
Two questions involving the constitutional status and
qualifications of Senators and Representatives became of
special interest during the session and briefs were prepared
in response to inquiries regarding them, viz, whether a
Member of Congress is an officer of the United States and
under what conditions a National Guard officer becomes
disqualified to serve as a Member of Congress.
Another subject involving points of both constitutional
and parliamentary law, viz, contempt of Congress, may be
included here, although in the pending case only compara-
tive material, which bore on the question indirectly by
analogy, was actually prepared. This consisted of digests
of court decisions on contempt by publication, contempt of
a grand jury, and unlawful interference with witnesses in
Federal courts, together with a memorandum on the juris-
diction of British courts in cases of contempt of Parlia-
Constitutional The efforts to secure submission to the States of the
woman suffrage and prohibition amendments to the Federal
Constitution brought requests for information regarding
the actual operation of Article v in the' matter of ratifica-
tion, and reports were accordingly prepared showing dates
of proposal and ratifications of Amendments I to xvii,
the history of amendments proposed but not ratified by
three-fourths of the States, attempts in Congress to regu-
late ratification, provisions of State constitutions relating to
ratification of amendments to the Federal Constitution, and
a record of all applications of State legislatures for a con-
vention for proposing amendments.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 135
On the other hand, a report on recent amendments of
State constitutions and a memorandum on the constitu-
tionality of a referendum in the absence of specific constitu-
tional authorization were prepared in response to requests
from Members desiring data bearing on the opposing con-
tention that qualifications for voting and regulation of the
liquor traffic should be left to the individual States.
State laws of direct importance to Congress are mainlv Digests and com
" pUatitms of State.
confined to those relating to matters on which the Federal laws
legislative power may be exercised either to supplement or
to supersede the enactments of the State legislatures, or
which fall within the scope of the legislative powers of both
the Federal and the State Governments. This is illus-
trated by the list of the subjects of digests and compilations
of State laws prepared in response to requests.
Thus in connection with the consideration of the child-
labor bill, a tabular comparison of certain features of the
child-labor laws of the States was prepared; and for use in
the discussion of rural-credits legislation, digests were made
of the State laws relating to cooperative associations, estab-
lishment of branches of State banks, establishment and
regulation of markets, and taxation of farm mortgages. A
digest of State inheritance tax laws served to indicate the
extent to which the several States had availed themselves
of this source of revenue.
A statement regarding State regulation of water-power
development in Colorado and Utah was needed in the dis-
cussion of the water-power bill. National defense legisla-
tion brought inquiries for State laws giving preference in
employment to honorably discharged soldiers and sailors
and a digest of court decisions under 'State military laws on
the subject of the militia in the service of the United States.
A report on the assignability of personal injury claims was
furnished as data for certain committee amendments to the
bill providing compensation for Government employees in
64394 16 10
1 36 Report of the Librarian of Congress
case of injury or death. A digest of State laws providing
for registration of stallions was needed in connection with a
bill for Federal supervision of pedigree records. An in-
quiry into the feasibility of adopting a "daylight-saving"
plan in this country required a statement of existing State
laws relating to standard time.
The approaching elections and the pending bill to regulate
campaign expenditures were doubtless responsible for the
considerable interest shown in questions of election law.
The special topics on which digests or tabular comparisons
were prepared were as follows: Delegates to national con-
ventions; presidential primaries; open and closed primaries;
registration of voters; powers of local registration officials;
property qualifications for electors; poll taxes; limitations
on campaign expenses of candidates for United States
Senator and Representative in Congress and of party
committees under State laws in force.
Regulation of lobbying, proposed in several bills, was
another matter directly affecting Congress itself, on which
a digest was prepared showing how the State legislatures
had attacked the problem by statute or rule of procedure.
With such exceptions as these, the field of legislation
which belongs particularly to the States is, as a rule, of
interest to Congress only, in so far as it is suggestive for
the framing of similar statutes for one of the local divisions
of the Federal jurisdiction, i. e., the District of Columbia,
Alaska, the Territories and insular possessions. Thus,
there were prepared in connection with the consideration
of bills relating to the District of Columbia, digests and
compilations of State laws on the use of the public schools
as community centers, fraudulent advertising, the use of
the flag in advertising, the unlawful use of insignia of
fraternal and similar organizations, and in connection with
the Alaskan fisheries bill a tabular comparison of license
.taxes on fisheries in Washington, Oregon, and Alaska.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 137
The most extensive group of translations and digests of
foreign laws prepared during the session were those fur-
nished to the Ways and Means Committee for use in fram-
ing the revenue bill. They covered: Income taxation in
Great Britain, Australia, France, Italy, and Russia; In-
heritance taxation in Great Britain, France, and Germany;
Taxation of war profits in Great Britain, Canada, France,
Germany, Italy, Denmark, and Sweden; the German tariff
commission of 1901; the French tariff revision of 1910;
the French customs valuation commission, etc.
To supply information bearing on various projects
submitted during consideration of the Army reorganization
bill and on the question of making provision for the depend-
ents of members of the National Guard called to service on
the Mexican border, the following compilations were made :
System of military defense adopted by the Union of South
Africa in 1912; constitutional provisions relating to mili-
tary service in Switzerland and Serbia; civil employment
for ex-soldiers and sailors in Great Britain; Government
positions for honorably discharged soldiers in Austria,
France, Germany, and Italy; requisitioning of automobiles
by the French ministry of war; allowances to families of
soldiers in European countries and in Canada.
The reports on foreign merchant marine legislation, pre-
pared by the Legislative Reference Division last year, were
utilized by the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce
in the preparation of its publication "Government aid to
merchant shipping; study of subsidies, subventions, and
other forms of State aid in principal countries of the world,"
issued last May, which supplied most of the information on
foreign laws needed in connection with the shipping bill.
Additional data required were furnished by translations of
the recent laws and decrees prohibiting the sale of ships to
foreigners, viz, in Great Britain, France, Italy, Belgium,
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Denmark, Sweden, Spain, and
1 38 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Brazil; of the French law providing Government guaranty
for purchase of British prizes by French shipowners; and
of bills introduced in the French Chamber of Deputies to
provide for loans' to shipowners, Government purchase of
ships, and a Government shipbuilding yard.
Among other special topics arising out of the emergency
legislation of European countries on which reports have been
made are the following: Restrictions on aliens in Great
Britain, France, Italy, Germany, and Austria-Hungary since
the outbreak of the war ; regulation of prices in Great Britain ;
daylight saving in Great Britain and France.
The child-labor legislation of European countries was sum-
marized and the provisions for a literacy test in the immigra-
tion laws of Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa were
compiled for use in discussion of the bills on these subjects.
Special investigations undertaken by individual Members
required the preparation of the following : A series of studies
of the laws relating to negroes and aboriginal natives cover-
ing the French, British, and German colonies, the Belgian
Congo, and the Dutch East Indies; consolidated texts of the
laws in force in Australia and New Zealand relating to
Government advances to settlers; memoranda on the agra-
rian decrees and sale of the national domains during the
French Revolution; reports on official herd books and stud
books in France.
international The demand for information on matters of international
law was largely confined to the period of the controversy
over armed merchant ships. Every discussion of the sub-
ject that could be found in the writings of international law
authorities of all countries, both treatises and periodical
articles, in the proceedings of the Institute of International
Law and the International Law Association, in court deci-
sions, diplomatic correspondence and other official docu-
ments, was extracted, translated, or digested, and made
available for the use of the Foreign Affairs Committees and
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 39
other Members of both Houses. A small part of this material
was included in the compilation "Armed merchantmen"
issued as Senate Document No. 332; other portions were
printed in the Record by Members taking part in the dis-
Other material supplied in this field included a compilation
of translated extracts from foreign international law writers
on the limitations of blockade in relation to neutral ports and
international rivers; discussion in the British Parliament of
the articles of the Declaration of London relating to block-
ade; translations of French prize court decisions affecting
American vessels; ^provisions of treaties between the United
States and Mexico referring to pursuit of marauders across
the international boundary.
For responding promptly and authoritatively to requests Index analysis
of Federal statutes
for such statements about United States laws as have been
indicated above, the Index analysis of the Federal statutes
is the most important piece of apparatus used. At the time
of the last annual report the index of the permanent general
law, which in the printed volumes was carried to the year
1907, had been brought down to date and a beginning had
been made with the indexing of the temporary general,
local, and private laws. This work has been continued during
the session whenever any assistants have had time available
for the purpose. Progress made during the year is reported
by the chief indexer as follows :
(i) Permanent General. There has been no volume of
Statutes at Large or session laws issued later than volume
38, which had been completely indexed at the time of the
last report. The slip laws of the present session have,
however, been indexed in temporary form, and the cards
made have been incorporated in the general file, thus bring-
ing this file constantly within a few days of the current
legislation. As soon as the session laws for 1915-16 are
published, the cards will be changed from the temporary
140 Report of the Librarian of Congress
to the permanent form by adding the page reference to the
session laws (which is the same page reference in which they
will be ultimately published in volume 39 of the Statutes
(2) Temporary General, Local, and Private. The purpose
here has been to complete as rapidly as possible the indexing
of the volumes subsequent to the Consolidated Index to the
Statutes at Large (vols. i to 32), in order to make available
a comprehensive index to every kind of legislation from
1789 to date. In carrying out this purpose progress has
been made as follows :
(a) Temporary General, which includes appropriations
and all general legislation not of a permanent character;
volumes 33 to 38, inclusive, have been completely indexed.
(6) Local: Volumes 33, 34, 36, and 37, and about half of
volumes 35 and 38, have been indexed, except appropriation
(c} Private: Everything subsequent to the Consolidated
Index has been indexed, except appropriation acts and such
private legislation as occurs in the local laws not yet indexed
in volumes 35 and 38.
In order to complete the immediate program, therefore,
it will be necessary to index
(i) local and private in appropriation acts, volumes 33 to
38, inclusive; (ii) local and private, not in appropriation
acts, for the parts of volumes 35 and 38 not yet covered.
At present, the indexing work is being concentrated upon
these, together with the permanent general legislation in the
slip laws. When everything subsequent to the Consolidated
Index has been completely indexed, the indexing, except in
the case of private laws, will be gradually carried back *o
include earlier volumes, in order to provide a more exten-
sive index arranged in accordance with the general plan of the
printed volumes of the Index Analysis of the Federal Statutes.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 141
Although the terms of the appropriation do not include BUI drafting
any authorization of the drafting of bills, a number of re-
quests for such service were made. During the greater part
of the first session of the Sixty-fourth Congress the legisla-
tive drafting department of Columbia University, New York
(a department of the University which is endowed for re-
search in legislation and administration with a view to the
better drafting of statutes and which frequently applies the
results of its research in the actual drafting of bills), main-
tained two members of its staff in Washington, for the pur-
pose of carrying on research in the methods and form of
Congressional legislation. We were able to make with them
an informal arrangement by which their services were avail-
able for Members and committees of Congress desiring as-
sistance in the preparation of bills. To them, .therefore, were
turned over all requests for such assistance, and it is believed
that in every instance the service afforded was completely
responsive, to the need. It is hoped that the arrangement
may be continued at least during the coming session.
As during the first session, the subjects dealt with by LEGISLATIVE
the Legislative Reference Division included rather a wide investigations
range of historic, economic, and social questions. Among
them were the following: Revenue, domestic and foreign,
including statistics and legal provisions relating to customs,
income and inheritance taxes, at home and abroad; tariff
and tariff commissions, domestic and foreign; budgetary
procedure in foreign countries; public debt, domestic and
foreign; imports and exports of various commodities for
several countries; information on price maintenance; rail-
road rates; land grants; freight congestion and theory of
evaluation; merchant marine, domestic and foreign, includ-
ing ship building, ship subsidy, ocean freight rates, safety
at sea, seamen and shipping statistics; agricultural credit in
various phases, domestic and foreign; roads and road build-
142 Report of the Librarian of Congress
ing; water power and water rights; flood prevention and
control; forestry; liquor traffic; labor; child labor; educa-
tion, including military and vocational; immigration; fish-
eries; foreign affairs, including diplomatic correspondence,
historical questions, and matters of international law arising
out of the Mexican situation and the European war, and
peace proposals relating thereto; Alaska, resources and sta-
tistics; Philippine Islands; Indians; national defense, in-
cluding expenditures, strength, and other data on the armies
and navies of the world, discussions of questions of military
science, historical and legal history of the military and naval
academies and the national guard ; departments of the Gov-
ernment, including the civil service, postal affairs and par-
cel post; parliamentary procedure, including foreign prac-
tice on questions of limitation of debate and cloture; bill
statistics; matters of legislative history; constitutional law,
State and Federal, bearing on a large number of questions
for which decisions and precedents were brought together;
comparative foreign and state law, especially of Great Brit-
ain, Germany, France, and the Scandinavian countries bear-
ing on a number of the subjects in connection with those
above enumerated; international law, including the bring-
ing together, by translation or otherwise, the leading au-
thorities on a large number of subjects, such as embargo,
contraband, continuous voyage, rights of passengers at sea,
duties of neutrals, restrictions on belligerents, mails, and
Among the investigations made under the direction of
che administrative assistant, for which memoranda were
prepared, the following may be specially noted :
A digest of the recommendations of the Presidents,
from Grant to Wilson, relating to the Army and the
Historical sketches, with chronological tables of legis-
lation, of the Military Academy and the Naval Academy.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 43
Appropriations for the Navy department, 1906-1915,
and for the War department for the same period.
Amount spent for ammunition only, for the United
States Army and Navy, 1899-1912.
Rate of pay in foreign armies. (Printed in Cong. Rec. ,
Apr. 6, 1916, p. 6441-3, and Jan. 29, 1916, p. 11722-4.)
The organization, function, and method of procedure
of the medical service of the French army. (Printed
in House hearings, Committee on military affairs, 64th
Cong., ist sess., Vol. I, p. 693-703.)
Method of procedure in appropriating money for the
Navy in Great Britain, France, and Germany.
Data relating to the Swiss Army. (Printed in Sen.
doc. 360, p. 70-76, 64th Cong., ist sess.)
Photostat extracts on the objects and proceedings of
the Paris economic conference. (Printed in Sen. doc.
491, 64th Cong., ist sess., p. 17-60.)
Data concerning Scandinavian vessels sunk during
the European war. (Printed in Cong. Rec., Jan. 20,
1916, p. 1461-2.)
Data on foreign commissions for the control of trade
after the war.
Extracts showing the position of publicists on the
question of a nonpartisan tariff commission.
Total exports of nitrate from Chile to all countries.
Additional expenditure, by years, caused by the
Spanish-American war and the additional revenue
from the Spanish-American war taxes.
Receipts from inheritance taxes and from income
taxes in the leading foreign countries for a period before
The revenue derived in foreign countries from
Organization and procedure of the British Board of
A comparative analysis of the British, French, and
German budget systems.
A report on a supposed British warning to its citizens
not to travel on belligerent ships during the Russo-
Japanese War. (Printed in Cong. Rec. Mar. 4, 1916,
144 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Historical sketch of imprisonment for debt.
Historical sketch of bankruptcy.
Extracts bearing on the government of the Indians.
Data on the United States merchant marine/ with
special references to foreign ships admitted to regis-
Ocean freight rates on certain commodities.
A sketch of the government steamship service of
Method of inland waterway regulation in Austria,
England, France, and Prussia.
Method of reclaiming overflowed lands in foreign
Immigration to the United States in relation to the
Historical sketch of the House Committee on labor.
Information on the status of raw material for the
paper industry in the United States and foreign
Data on the cost of rice production.
Data on the production, consumption, and average
prices of petroleum, gasoline, and copper.
The rights of a minority in a legislative body in
relation to cloture.
A digest of discussions of the Senate as a continuing
Digest of Senate filibusters from earliest times to
A collection of Senate debates on cloture.
For use as a part of the apparatus of the Division a card
index has been made of the speeches of the President,
beginning with his first public utterances since his inaugu-
ration. It is on file in the House Reading Room. It in-
cludes a chronological list of the speeches, a list by place
and subject, and a topical index, alphabetically arranged,
of what might be regarded as the more striking expressions
in his speeches and communications.
The photostat machine rendered valuable aid in connec-
tion with a number of inquiries. One hundred and forty
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 45
separate pieces were photostated. These were extracts
from books, documents, periodicals, neswpapers, and other
While the actual number of requests by Members for
translations from foreign languages was not large, the
greater portion of the inquiries involving research into for-
eign sources necessitated the work of translating. This
phase of the Service has been in continuous operation, the
chief languages being the French, the German, the Russian,
the Italian, and the Scandinavian.
COMPILATION OF UNITED STATES PUBLIC LAND LAWS
In the course of the session of 1914-15 the House Com-
mittee on Public Lands requested the Division to make a
complete compilation of the Land Laws of the United
States. The purpose was a publication which, with other
material already sufficiently available in print, would place
in the hands of the members of the Committee a compre-
hensive exhibit of such laws, properly arranged, annotated,
The request was complied with, and for 10 months received
the attention of certain members of the Division and of an
expert special adviser and editor. At the end of that
period the resulting manuscript was reported to the Com-
mittee as ready for the compositor subject only to certain
decisions as to inclusion or exclusion which were for the
Committee itself to make.
It has not yet been printed. As, however, it stands a
completed undertaking so far as our staff is concerned, and
as it furnishes an instructive example of a type of work
which can be done most effectively and most economically
by a permanent corps of experts, a detailed description of
it seems desirable.
146 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Scope of compi- The compilation is limited to the present constitution
and acts of Congress thereunder relating to
(a) I,ands held by the Federal government for dis-
posal or for the control of natural resources ;
(b) The governmental organization and procedure for
the administration thereof; and
(c) The nature and extent of the jurisdiction of the
Federal government over the land it holds.
(A) The public land laws in the Revised Statutes and
subsequent volumes of the Statutes at Large (18-38),
except the laws enumerated below under (D), (E), and
(F) , which are omitted because they relate, to classes
of lands of the United States excluded by the above
definition or are repealed, expired, obsolete or of
petty significance, or have been already compiled in
Kappler's Indian Laws and Treaties:
(B) the following laws enacted prior to 1873 from vols.
i to 17 of the Statutes at Large, which were not in-
cluded in the Revised Statutes:
(1) Acts as to the acquisition of the public do-
main by cession from the States to the United
(2) Acts granting subsidies in land to private cor-
porations (either directly or through the medium
of the several States) for canals, river improve-
ments, wagon roads or railroads;
(3) Acts granting subsidies to the several States,*
(a) swamp lands for reclamation, or
(b) lands granted in quantity for the support
of state agricultural and mechanical colleges ;
(4) Acts imposing upon the several States, when
admitted to the Union, disclaimers of jurisdic-
tion over or property right in the lands of the
United States within their borders.
* The admission or enabling act grants before 1873 have now all been sustantially
satisfied and adjusted, and are therefore not included.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 47
(C) treaties, foreign and Indian;
(D) laws touching lands of the United States in the
following classes :
(1) those in foreign countries,
(2) in the District of Columbia,
(3) in the insular and other dependencies of the
United States (except Alaska, any "guano island,"
and the Luquillo national forest in Porto Rico) ;
(4) national cemeteries and national military
(5) Indian lands, whether tribal or several (except
laws for the disposal of tribal lands to non-
Indians, or for the control of the national re-
sources thereof) ;
(6) lands held as administrative sites for govern-
mental use (except laws for the disposal of such
sites or for control of the natural resources
(7) lands acquired in the enforcement of tax liens
or for debt, or by compromise of claims made
by the United States, or by devise, or by gift
(with like exceptions) ;
(8) lands held by the United States as lessee.
(E) the following statutes repealed, expired, obsolete
or of slight importance :
(1) laws repealed before January, 1896;
(2) laws under which private rights must have
been initiated or official duties performed (if at
' all) before January, 1896;
(3) laws creating, abolishing, or defining particular
land districts (instead of which a list of existing
land districts is given) ;
(4) laws disposing of lands to particular persons or
corporations, except for public or charitable uses;
(5) laws granting sites to States or subdivisions
thereof for mere administrative occupancy
and not for the control of natural resources ;
(6) limitations imposed upon specific appropria-
tions for a single fiscal year (except the fiscal
148 Report of the Librarian of Congress
(7) laws disposing of proceeds;
(8) laws affecting single building sites or otherwise
of petty significance.
(F) laws which have been already compiled in Kappler's
Indian Laws and Treaties (except a few of unusual
importance which have been included notwithstand-
In selecting the material within the limits above defined,
Method of com- use was fi rs t ma( j e o f the two published volumes of the
Index Analysis of the Federal statutes, covering the general
and permanent law to 1907, and of the supplementary card
index, bringing it down to date, recently prepared in the
Legislative Reference Division. A check was made of the
United States Compiled Statutes and of compilations made
by the several public -land bureaus for their own use; also
of statutes cited by Departmental regulations, instructions,
and other documents. This was supplemented by a page
to page search of the Revised Statutes and Statutes at
Large and a further check of all statutes cited in the mate-
rial thus collected. A card list was made of the whole col-
lection and has served as a control throughout the work.
The material -thus selected has been mounted Upon large
Arrangement Manila sheets and arranged as follows :
(1) Revised Statutes in order of sections;
(2) Statutes at Large in order of volume and page.
This is believed to be the most useful arrangement for
printing, but the form of the collection (loose sheets) per-
mits rearrangement for printing in some other order, if
Each section of the Revised Statutes is given in the form
that is now in force (i: e., in the words in which it was recast
in the latest amending act). The footnotes show the
changes made by successive amendments. This style has
also been followed for statutes recast by the Penal Code,
and in a few other cases.
Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 49
Each section of the Revised Statutes and each act taken
from the Statutes at Large is annotated to show
^i) The place where it is found in United States
Compiled Statutes, 1913, or, if not found therein be-
cause" local" or for other reason, the reference to analo-
gous matter; also, for each section of the Revised Stat-
utes, the place where it is found in the Federal Statutes
Annotated and supplements to 1914, thus making
available a large body of interpretative court decisions
and opinions of the Attorney General;
(2) Earlier and later statutes on the same subject;
(3) Earlier statutes cited by or in the margin of the
(4) Later statutes that cite the principal statute,
with indication of repeals and amendments made by
such later statutes;
(5) Other statutes affecting land grants for railroad,
wagon-road, canal, or river improvement subsidy, made
or affected by the principal statute;
(6) Regulations and instructions with express refer-
ence to and in administration of the principal statute
issued by the Department of the Interior since the
beginning of the Land Decisions (July, 1881);
(7) Like regulations issued by the Secretary of Agri-
culture since the transfer of National Forest Adminis-
tration to him (Feb. i, 1905); and
(8) Other explanatory matter.
The following supplementary material has been prepared :
(1) A list of land statutes printed in Kappler's Indian
Laws and Treaties (nearly all omitted from this com-
pilation as explained above) showing where each is
found in that collection;
(2) A list of other land statutes in volumes 18-38 of
the Statutes at Large that have been found and omitted;
(3) A similar list for volumes 1-17 of the Statutes at
It is recommended that the titles in (i) and (2) be
printed as inserts in their proper chronological places
in the text of the compilation. These lists may, how-
ever, be printed in an appendix -either separately or
as a consolidated list, possibly omitting (3) as obso-
1 50 Report of the Librarian of Congress
(4) A chronological list of circulars, instructions,
etc., issued since the beginning of the Land decisions,
(July, 1884) by the Department of the Interior in
administration of public land laws, but without exact
reference to any particular statute. This list gives the
volume and page of the Land decisions with date and
title of the circular or instruction;
(5) A statement by the Commissioner of the General
Land Office giving the acreage patented to the several
states under the quantity, school, and agricultural
index f h e .usefulness of this compilation to members of the
committee and others who may consult it will depend
largely on the care with which the subject index is prepared.
This, of course, can not be made until the compilation is in
page proof. It is estimated that it will take an experienced
law indexer three or four months to prepare such an index
as this material requires, for it can not be treated in a sum-
mary fashion like the ordinary documents, but must be
precise and thorough so as to expose the whole of the ex-
isting law on a particular subject. It should cover not only
the material here compiled, but also the land laws in Kapp-
ler's Indian Laws and Treaties, the latter to be distinguished
in the index by the letter K. Such an index will be a key
to all the public land laws of the United States of present
practical importance. As an aid to the indexer there has
been prepared a classified list of the statutes which have been
included in the compilation according to a systematic
arrangement of subject headings.
Coincidently with the completion of the manuscript and
its submission to the Committee there was reported as
already in type another compilation of Land laws whose
publication had been ordered by the Senate Committee on
Public Lands, but of whose preparation no word had reached
us. This (compiled by Mr. J. W. Keener, of the General
Land Office) is, however, a much smaller work, of limited
Report of the Librarian of Congress 151
scope. It is a selection "of the principal United States
Statutes of practical importance al the present time relating
to the public lands." It contains only about one-third of
the number of public land laws now in force, and comprises
in print only 424 octavo pages, as against an estimated i ,792
pages for the compilation prepared by us. While repro-
ducing marginal notes from the "Revised Statutes and
Statutes at Large, it has practically no other annotations.
Our compilation, on the other hand, is very thoroughly
annotated throughout, with reference to other statutes, ad-
ministrative regulations, etc., and other explanatory
However convenient, therefore, to the administrative
work of the Land Office, the Keener compilation does not
appear adequate to the need of the Committees desiring to
have before them all the existing legislation. We believe,
therefore, that its issue should in no way debar the publica-
tion of the other compilation also.
Librarian of Congress
THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE
THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
64394 16 11
REPORT OF THE SUPERINTENDENT
OF THE LIBRARY BUILDING
THE SUPERINTENDENT OF THE LIBRARY
BUILDING AND GROUNDS
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS
Washington, D. C., December 4, 1916
SIR: The Library building service during the fiscal year
1916 was conducted in about the same manner as heretofore
and covered the same field, comprising the custody, care,
and maintenance of the building and grounds, the operation
of the mechanical plant, purchase of upkeep materials and
library equipment, repairs to furniture and equipment,
and the disbursing of appropriations.
The operations are shown in the following tables:
FUEL, LIGHTS, REPAIRS, AND MISCELLANEOUS SUPPLIES
Watch and housekeeping department :
Ice (498,870 pounds)
Painting in and about the building (labor) .
Repairs (floors, windows, etc.)
Washing towels -.
Dry goods (cleaning cloths, etc.)
Paper towels and fixtures
Housekeeping (brooms, buckets, brushes,
Power la wnmower
Safety equipment for window cleaners
$1. 408. 22
J 9 6 - 35
i, 182. 71
5, 7 2 5- 2 4
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Engineer department :
Mail and delivery service upkeep and
repair of motor vehicles $705. 16
Motorcycle and side van 321. 30
Hardware and tools 231. 86
Repairs 453. 99
Plumbing supplies 299. 50
Removing refuse 156. 15
New high-pressure steam main and fittings. . 140. 47
Oils 23. 74
Miscellaneous supplies m. 83
Paint for roof-. 14. oo
Caf6 repairs 89. 35
Repairs to ceiling lights 438. 37
Ventilating blower 135. oo
Foot driers 290. 98
Repairs to driveway 26. 32
- $3- 507- 8 9
Lamps i,i37-3 2
Miscellaneous supplies (condulets, holders,
shades, fixtures, wire, conduit, tape, etc.). 367. 01
Repairs to electrical equipment 125. 55
Refinishing Periodical reading room in con-
nection with new lighting system i, 095. 09
New lighting fixtures in alcoves, main Read-
ing room 214. 49
Intercommunicating telephones 154-63
Electric outlets above ceiling lights 95-22
Lighting fixtures (miscellaneous) 151. 23
- 3' 35 6 - 47
General telephone service of Library (i cen-
tral station, 83 substations, and 6 trunk
Stationery 128. 90
Car tickets 20. oo
Additional services 2. oo
Express and freight charges 9. 91
Travel 45. 60
Telegrams i. 50
Directory 7. 50
Total expended 13, 960. 35
Unexpended balance 39-65
Appropriation 14, ooo. oo
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 57
Typewriting machines :
New machines (21) $i, 264. 50
Repairs and parts 223. 26
Desk fans 14. 82
Repairing and fitting of miscellaneous furniture (including
labor and materials) i, 2 12. 47
Book trucks 269. 60
Miscellaneous furniture (including tables, desks, stands,
cases, hardware, etc.) i, 837. 44
Card catalogue cases 437. 43
Carpets and runners i, 428. 58
Express, freight, and drayage 5. 66
Partitions and screens i, 438. 80
Awnings 857. 73
Dictating machines 396. oo
Bottle water coolers 149. 36
Comptometer for Card Division 250. oo
Book supports 166. 20
Total expended 9, 996. 85
Unexpended balance 3. 15
Appropriation 10, ooo. oo
CARD DIVISION STACK
Expended $6, 995. oo
Unexpended balance 5. oo
Appropriation 7, ooo. oo
APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES
All appropriations for the Library and the Library Build-
ing and Grounds, also those for the United States Botanic
Garden and others under the control of the Joint Committee
on the Library, are disbursed by this office.
The table following presents the funds accordingly ex-
pended for the fiscal year 1916, also the corresponding appro-
priations for the preceding and succeeding years.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Object of appropriations
library and Copyright Office:
$440, 747- 75
Special and temporary service
c 7, 305- 95
d 7, 307- 79
7, 254. 06
Increase of Library
Purchase of books
Purchase of law books . . .
Purchase of periodicals. . .
e 5,000- oo
Total Library and
Building and Grounds:
Care and maintenance
Fuel, lights, etc
Total Building and Grounds
17, 296 88
Total Botanic Garden
32, 209- 10
Repairs of paintings in the Capitol
1 , 500. 00
Marking historical places in Dis-
trict of Columbia . . .
Removing Botanic Garden fence.
i 2, 5OO-OO
j 2, 5OO. OO
j 2 , 500. OO
Portrait of the late Chief Justice
* 1 , 500. 00
Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard
1 2, 972. 45
a Including increase of $1,468.33 by sale of cards.
b Including credits of $1,120.66 by sale of cards and $89.20 yet to be credited.
c Including increase of $0.65 by sale of photostat duplications and $5.30 for return of
d Including increase of $1.30 by sale of photostat duplications and $5.85 for return of
photostat spools: also $0.64 account of refund by defaulting contractor.
Including unfilled orders.
/ Any unexpended balance to be available for succeeding year.
3 Including deficiency appropriation of $2,000 (act of Mar. 4, 1915).
A Including deficiency appropriation of $1,315.35 (act of Mar. 4, 1915).
Including $4,000 for resurfacing west driveway and repairs to stone curb in Library
Grounds and $2,500 for refitting of boiler room and coal vaults.
3 Appropriation of previous year continued.
* Balance available from preceding year.
I Including balance available from preceding year and additional appropriation of
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 59
Discarded government property consisting of scrap
copper, brass, and iron, a sandpapering machine, a wagon,
furniture, carpets, iron pipe, electrical materials, etc., was
advertised and sold at public auction, held at the building
on January 20, 1916.
A quantity of anthracite furnace coal which had remained
in the vaults of the building after the discontinuance of the
local power and heat-generating plant in 1911 was disposed
of, after advertising, to the highest bidder, on January 27
The proceeds of the. sales are accounted for as follows:
Gross receipts from sale of discarded property. . $2, 036. 85
Advertising and auctioneer's charge 66. 41
Net proceeds deposited in the Treasury to
the credit of the United States $i, 970. 44
Gross receipts from sale of coal, 226^$ tons,
at $3.50 per ton 793. 25
Advertising 5. 91
Net proceeds deposited in the Treasury to
the credit of the United States 787. 34
Total 2, 757. 78
Withheld under income-tax law, on account of
salaries paid during the calendar year 1915, and
remitted to collector of internal revenue 25. oo
All known claims chargeable to the appropriations for the
fiscal year 1914 have been settled, including those paid on
auditor's certificates, and the unexpended balances have
been deposited to the credit of the surplus fund of the Treas-
ury as follows :
Salaries $2, 563. 09
Special and temporary service 10. 71
Contingent expenses 2 1. 03
- $2, 594. 83
Report oj the Librarian of Congress
Building and Grounds:
Care and maintenance (salaries) .
Fuel, lights, etc
Botanic Garden :
Improving Botanic Garden
Repairs of paintings in the Capitol
Marking historical places, District of Columbia..
4, 790. 40
VISITORS TO THE LIBRARY
Visitors to or users of the Library during the year were
counted at the entrances as follows :
9 a. m.
to 6 p. m.
6 p. m.
to 10 p. m.
5, lg o
3, : 59
i7,3 2 4
3, 2 72
3 2 , OI2
4, 8 so
2, I7 1
Total visitors during the year, 802,858.
Average, 364 days, 2,206.
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 6 1
CHANGES IN PERSONNEL
The few changes in the personnel of employes which oc-
curred during the year were entirely in the subordinate
positions, and are classified as follows :
Attendant, ladies' room
Check boys .
Of those who resigned almost all stated that they could
better their condition elsewhere.
The ornamental leaded glass ceiling lights throughout the
building were found to have gradually sagged from weight
and required immediate repairs. These have all been raised
to the original position, additional supports installed, and
broken glass replaced. Electric outlets have been installed
above the ceiling lights, so that hereafter the glass can be
kept clear of dust by use of small vacuum cleaners.
The difficulty of obtaining perfectly clear, clean ice
and handling it to insure absolute safety caused this office
to begin the elimination of the tank water coolers and adopt
the bottle type of cooler. This has considerably increased
the expense of distribution, and it is to be hoped that pro-
vision can soon be made for a circulating system for drink-
1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Sanitary considerations prompted the installation of soap
dispensers throughout the building and the use of a plastic
toilet soap in lieu of the cake toilet soap heretofore used.
No cake toilet soap has been purchased since the above
Steam foot driers have been installed in all the lavatories
used by women. These were obtained by substituting a
horizontal radiator for the vertical type and placing a per-
forated plate above. The radiator heats the room as before
and also furnishes a dryer for wet shoes and clothing. The
work was done by the building employees quite inex-
pensively and answers the purpose perfectly.
The repairs to the copper roof covering under the appro-
priation of $2,000 for the fiscal year 1915 served to keep it
in fairly good condition through the succeeding year, but as
the deterioration is -progressive an appropriation of the
same amount was recommended and granted for the fiscal
year 1917. This will place the roof in fair condition for an-
other year. The continued high price of sheet copper pre-
cludes a recommendation for general roof repairs.
So far as practicable under the general appropriations,
plain painting of ceilings, walls, and finish is being con-
tinued in the present year in the places most in need. A
number of rooms were repainted during this year for the
first time since the completion of the building. No repaint-
ing of decorative work can be attempted under the gen-
eral appropriations, although the need is becoming quite
Superintendent of Building and Grounds 1 63
The condition of the lighting in parts of the building re-
ferred to in the last report might be repeated. The main
reading room, the branch printing office, the bindery, I he-
map division, and parts of other divisions are insufficiently
lighted, but the usual appropriation for fuel, lights, etc., can
not be depleted to make the desired improvements.
CAPITAL BOOK CARRIER AND TUNNEL
The brick tunnel connecting the Library Building with
the Capitol, in which is the cableway for carrying books and
under which the railway tunnel on First Street was run
some years ago, was badly damaged by a considerable set-
tlement and cracking at the point of crossing. A careful
survey shows a maximum settlement of 2 feet, which forms
a bad sag, where water sometimes accumulates by running
through the cracks in the walls. This tunnel has no drain-
age connections. In several instances books have been
damaged in transit through the tunnel during and after
The settlement has also made i.t increasingly difficult to
keep the Capitol carrier in constant operative condition, as
many of the castings which support the tracks and cables
have been broken.
It will now be necessary to make thorough repairs to both
the carrier and tunnel for same.
UTILIZATION OF CELLAR
In the last report the necessity of fitting up parts of the
cellar for library use was referred to.
It would be possible to utilize large spaces in the cellar if
they are made available by lighting, ventilation, and equip-
The large amount of open wood shelving in the cellar
stored with inflammable material is worthy of attention.
1 64 Report of the Librarian of Congress
The substitution of steel shelving and cases as soon as
practicable is recommended.
It is desired to credit the Office of Public buildings and
grounds (War department) for the advice and material
assistance rendered in the upkeep of the Library grounds.
The only change in layout of grounds during the year was
the planting of flowers for the first time here in two 2o-foot
beds in the two west courts, where it is believed a certain
bareness will be relieved.
FRANK L. AVERILL
Superintendent Library Building and Grounds
THE PRESIDENT OP THE SENATE
THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OP REPRESENTATIVES
Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) 167
Ib. Appropriation acts, 1916-17 171
II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 177
III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Accessions,
APPROPRIATIONS AND EXPENDITURES, 1915-16
Object of appropriation
Library and Copyright Office :
$264, 1 20. oo
$262, 063. 08
$2, 056. 92
IO, OOO. OO
9, 991. 75
2, 000. 00
Distribution of card
a 40, 709. 86
40, 302. 42
Legislative reference .
24, 886. 54
1 02, 580. oo
102, 552. 47
Increase of Library
Purchase of books . . .
90, ooo. oo
c 90, ooo. oo
Purchase of period-
e OOO. OO
5, ooo. oo
Purcli3,sc of l<iw books
d -j ooo. oo
C -j OOO. OO
6 7, 307- 79
7, 254. 06
Total, Library and
547, 956. 07
Appropriation includes credits of $1,120.66 on account of sales of cards to Government
institutions and $89.20 yet to be credited.
*> Includes credits $1.30 on account of sales of photo duplications to Government insti-
tutions and a credit of $5.85 through return of photostat spools. Includes also a credit
of $0.64 on account of refund by defaulting contractor.
c Includes outstanding indebtedness.
d Exclusive of $2,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new
books of reference for that body.
64394 10 12 l6 7
Report of the Librarian of Congress
Object of appropriation
Building and grounds:
Care and maintenance, in-
cluding Sunday service .
$79, 645. oo
$79, 459. 83
Fuel, lights, and miscel-
14, ooo. oo
C IT,. O6O. 1$
Furniture and shelving . .
17, ooo. oo
Total Building and
no, 645. oo
no, 412. 03
661 322 6^
6c8 368 10
2 O^A ^ ^
Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub-
bard (interest account)
Printing and binding (allot-
ment not appropriation) ....
&200, 518. 49
200, 312. 17
o Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800.
*> Allotment includes credits $480.26 on account of sales of cards to Government insti.
tutions and $38.23 yet to be credited. Does not include $9,000 provided in Deficiency
Act approved September 8, 1916.
c Includes outstanding indebtedness.
A ppropriations and Expenditures 1 69
CONTINGENT EXPENSES IN DETAIL LIBRARY PROPER
Object of expenditure
Stationery supplies $5, 240. 72
Typewriter supplies 146. 55
Dies, presses, rubber stamps, and numbering machines. . . . 196. 07
Travel expenses 470. 14
Street car tickets 75. oo
Postage stamps and international postal cards (foreign cor-
respondence) 273. oo
Telegrams and long-distance telephone messages 42. 09
Transfer charges (expressage, etc.) 52. 43
Post-office box rent July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916 16. co
Tools 5. 49
Mail-bag repairs 4. 75
Duplicator supplies 42. 91
Photostat paper and developing powders *6Sj. 91
Photostat miscellaneous supplies i. oo
Total 7, 254. 06
* $743. 15 covered into the Treasury on account of sales of photo duplications.
APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AS CON-
TAINED IN "AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE
LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL EXPENSES OF
THE GOVERNMENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE
30, 1917, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES "
General administration: Librarian, $6,500; chief assist-
ant librarian, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; Librarian's secre-
tary, $1,800; clerks one $1,200, two at $1,000 each; ste-
nographers and typewriters one $1,200, one $840; messen-
ger, $840; messenger to chief assistant librarian, $540; junior
messenger, $420; operator of photographic copying machine,
$600; in all, $22,440.
Mail and delivery: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one
$960, one $780, one $600; junior messenger, $420; in all,
Order and accession: Chief of division, $2,500; assist-
ants one $i ,500, one $i ,200, three at $960 each, two at $840
each, two at $600 each, one $580; two junior messengers,
at $420 each; in all, $12,380.
Catalogue, classification, and shelf: Chief of division,
$3,000; chief classifier, $2,000; assistants four at $1,800
each, seven at $1,500 each, six at $1,400 each, twelve at
$1,200 each, six at $1,000 each, fourteen at $960 each, four
at $920 each, thirteen at $846 each, thirteen at $600 each,
four at $540 each; six junior messengers, at $420 each; in
Binding: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one $960; ju-
nior messenger, $420; in all, $2,880.
Bibliography: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; stenographer and type-
writer, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $8,640.
Reading rooms (including evening service) and special col-
lections: Superintendent, $3,000; assistants two at $1,800
each, five at $i ,200 each (including one in room for the blind) ,
172 Report of the Librarian of Congress
two at charging desk at $1,080 each, three at $960 each, ten
at $840 each, four at $600 each; stenographer and type-
writer, $960; attendants Senate reading room $960, Rep-
resentatives' reading room one $960, one $840, two in
cloakroom at $780 each, one in Toner library $960, one in
Washington Library $960, two for gallery and alcoves at
$540 each; telephone operator, $660; four junior messengers,
at $420 each; two watchmen, at $780 each; evening service,
assistants five at $960 each, fifteen at $840 each, two at
$600 each; in all, $59,220.
Periodical (including evening service): Chief of division,
$2,000; assistants chief $1,500, two at $960 each, five at
$840 each; stenographer and typewriter, $960; two junior
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $i 1,420.
Documents: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one
$1,500, one $840; stenographer and typewriter, $960; junior
messenger, $420; in all, $6,720.
Manuscript: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants chief
$1,500, one $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,880.
Maps and charts: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants
one $1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; junior messenger,
$420; in all, $7,680.
Music: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one $1,500,
one $i ,000, two at $840 each ; junior messenger, $420; in all,
Prints: Chief of division, $2,000; assistants one $1,500,
two at $960 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,840.
Smithsonian deposit : Custodian, $i ,500; assistant, $i ,500;
messenger, $780; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,200.
Congressional Reference Library: Custodian, $1,500; as-
sistants one $1,200, one $960, one $840; two junior mes-
sengers, at $420 each; in all, $5,34-
Law Library: Librarian, $3,000; assistants two at
$1,400 each, one $960, one $540, one (evening service),
$1,500; junior messenger, $420; in all, $9,220.
Semitic and Oriental Literature: Chief of division,
$3,000; assistant, $1,500; junior messenger, $420; in all,
COPYRIGHT OFFICE: Register, $4,000; assistant register,
$3,000; clerks four at $2,000 each, four at $1,800 each,
seven at $1,600 each, one $1,500, eight at $1,400 each, ten
A ppropriation Acts 1916-17 173
at $1,200 each, ten at $1,000 each, eighteen at $960 each,
two at $860 each, ten at $780 each, four at $600, two at $480
each ; four junior messengers, at $360 each. Arrears, special
service: Three clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, $780; junior
messenger, $360; in all, $104,440.
Legislative Reference: To enable the Library of Congress
to employ competent persons to gather, classify, and make
available, in translations, indexes, digests, compilations, and
bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon legislation,
and to render such data serviceable to Congress and com-
mittees and Members thereof, $25,000.
DISTRIBUTION OF CARD INDEXES: For service in connection
with distribution of card indexes and other publications of
the Library: Chief of division, $3,000; chief assistant
$i ,800; assistants one $i ,600, three at $i ,500 each, three at
$1,400 each, three at $1,200 each, three at $1,100 each, four
at $i,ooo each; for services of assistants at salaries less than
$1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the hour,
$17,000, including not exceeding $500 for freight charges,
expressage, traveling expenses connected with such distribu-
tion, and expenses of attendance at meetings when incurred
on the written authority and direction of the Librarian,
TEMPORARY SERVICES: For special and temporary service
including extra special services of regular employees at the
discretion of the Librarian, $2,000.
CARRIER SERVICE: For service in connection with the
Senate and House Office Buildings, $960 ,or so much thereof
as may be necessary
SUNDAY OPENING: To enable the Library of Congress to
be kept open tor reference use from two until ten o'clock
post meridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the
discretion of the Librarian, including the extra services of
employees and the services of additional employees under
the Librarian, $10,000, or so much thereof as may be
INCREASE OF LIBRARY OF CONGRESS: For purchase of
books for the Library, including payment in advance for
subscriptions books and society publications, and for freight,
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other expenses
incidental to the acquisition of books by purchase, gift,
1 74 Report of the Librarian of Congress
bequest, or exchange, to continue available during the fiscal
year nineteen hundred and eighteen, $90,000, together with
the unexpended balance of the sum appropriatiod for this
object for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and sixteen;
For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000;
For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, and purchased
by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the direction of
the Chief Justice, $2,000;
For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and newspapers,
In all, $100,000.
CONTINGENT EXPENSES: For miscellaneous and contin-
gent expenses, stationery, supplies, stock and materials
directly purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, post-
age, transportation, incidental expenses connected with the
administration of the Library and the Copyright Office, in-
cluding not exceeding $500 for expenses of attendance at
meetings when incurred on the written authority and direc-
tion of the Librarian, $7,300.
LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS: Superintendent, $3,000;
clerks one $2,000, one $1,600, one $1,400, one $1,000;
property clerk, $900; messenger; assistant messenger; tele-
phone switchboard operator; assistant telephone switch-
board operator; captain of watch, $1,400; lieutenant of
watch, $1,000; eighteen watchmen, at $900 each; two car-
penters, painter, and foreman of laborers, at $900 each;
fourteen laborers, at $540 each; two attendants in ladies'
room, at $480 each; four check boys, at $360 each; mistress
of charwomen, $425; assistant mistress of charwomen, $300;
fifty-eight charwomen; chief engineer, $1,500; assistant en-
gineers one $1,200, three at $900 each; electrician, $1,500;
machinists one $1,000, one $900; two wiremen, at $900
each; plumber, $900; three elevator conductors, and ten
skilled laborers, at $720 each; in all, $80,445.
For extra services of employees and additional employees
under the superintendent to provide for the opening of the
Library Building from two until ten o'clock post meridian
on Sundays and legal holidays, $2,800.
Appropriation Acts 191617 175
For fuel, lights, repairs, miscellaneous supplies, electric
and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, mail and
delivery service, and all incidental expenses in connection
with the custody, care, and maintenance of said building
and grounds, including $4,000 for waterproofing parts of east
driveway and over machinery, and $2,000 for temporary
repairs and painting of roof, $20,000.
For resurfacing west driveway and repairs to stone curb
in Library grounds, $4,000.
For refitting of boiler room and coal vaults, $2,500.
For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving, and
electrical work pertaining thereto, $10,000.
Provisions in "An act making appropriations for sundry
civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June
thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, and for other pur-
For such trees, shrubs, plants, fertilizers, and skilled labor
for the grounds of the Library of Congress as may be re-
quested by the superintendent of the Library Building,
Public printing and binding : For the Library of Congress,
including the copyright office and the publication of the
Catalogue of Title Entries of the copyright office, and bind-
ing, rebinding, and repairing of library books, and for build-
ing and grounds, Library of Congress, $200,000.
Provisions in "An act making appropriations to supply defi-
ciencies in appropriations for the fiscal year ending June thir-
tieth, nineteen hundred and sixteen, and prior fiscal years, and
for other purposes."
For printing and binding for the Library of Congress, in-
cluding the copyright office and the publication of the
Catalogue of Title Entries of the copyright office, and bind-
ing, rebinding, and repairing of library books, and for build-
ing and grounds, Library of Congress, $9,000.
REPORT OF THE REGISTER OF COPYRIGHTS FOR THE FISCAL
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 10, 1916
SIR: The copyright business and the work of the Copy-
right Office for the fiscal year July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916,
inclusive, are summarized as follows:
The gross receipts during the year were $115,663.42. A
balance of $9,257.35, representing trust funds and unfinished
business, was on hand July i, 1915, making a total of
$124,920.77 to be accounted for. Of this amount, the sum
of $2,711.39 received by the Copyright Office, was refunded
as excess fees or as fees for articles not registrable, leaving a
net balance of $122,209.38. The balance carried over to
July i, 1916, was $9,222.53 (representing trust funds,
$7,839.26, and total unfinished business since July i, 1897
19 years $1,383.27), leaving fees applied during the fiscal
year 1915-16 and paid into the Treasury $112,986.85.
The yearly copyright fees have more than doubled since
the reorganization of the office in 1897, reaching above the
$100,000 mark during the first year of operation under the
new copyright law which went into effect on July i, 1909.
The annual applied fees since July i, 1897, are:
.... $55, 926. 50
c;8, 267. oo
IQOQ JO. .
I O4, 644. CK
65, 206 oo
IOQ OI3 O<
61, 687. qo
191 I 12
116 68? oc
.... 64, 687. oo
68, 874 co
i9 I2 -!3
114, 980. 60
.... 72, 629. oo
III O22 7C
1904-1; . .
.... 78, 058. oo
112 986 8^
I 006- 7
.... 80, 198. oo
84, 68c oo
- 82, 787. so
1 78 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Salaries The appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the
Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1916,
was $102,580. The total expenditures for salaries was
$102,552.47, or $10,434.38 less than the net amount of fees
earned and paid into the Treasury during the corresponding
year. The expenditure for supplies, including stationery
and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter, etc.
Copyright re- During the 19 fiscal years since the reorganization of the
ceiptsandfees Copyright Office (from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1916) the
copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury have
amounted to more than a million and a half dollars
($1,649,776.15), the articles deposited number over three
and a half millions (3,642,856), and the total copyright
registrations exceed two millions (2,051,541).
Excess of fees The fees ($1,649,776.15) were larger than the appropria-
tion for salaries used during the same period ($1,409,087.75)
Value of copy- In addition to this direct profit, a large number of the
3,642,856, books, maps, musical works, periodicals, prints,
and other articles deposited during the 19 years were of
substantial pecuniary value and of such a character that
their accession to the Library of Congress through the
Copyright Office effected a saving to the purchase fund of
the Library equal in amount to their price.
Money value of The exact money value of the copyright deposits is not
obtainable. The books deposited by the leading publishers
usually are accompanied by a statement of selling price,
but a large number still come to us without any indication
of value. Of the books received during the first five months
of 1916 costing $10 or more each there were 126 items, mak-
ing a total actual value of more than $6,000. The greater
number of the books deposited, however, are sold at less
than $10 each. It is believed that a conservative estimate
of the value of the books alone received during the fiscal
year would amount to $50,000. In addition, among the
30,000 musical works deposited there are many of consider-
able money value, and many prints and engravings of high
price are included in the fine arts deposit.
Register of Copyrights 1 79
COPYRIGHT ENTRIES AND 1
The registrations for the fiscal year numbered 115,967.
Of these, 105,454 were registrations at $i each, including a
certificate, and 8,885 we *"e registrations of photographs with-
out certificates, at 50 cents each. There were also 1,628
registrations of renewals, at 50 cents each. The fees for
these registrations amounted to a total of $110,710.50.
The number of registrations in each class from July i,
1910, to June 30, 1916, as compared with the number of
entries made in the previous year, is shown in Exhibit F.
The various articles deposited in compliance with the Artides
copyright law which have been registered, stamped, indexed,
and catalogued during the fiscal year amount to 201,802.
The number of these articles in each class for the 19 fiscal
years is shown in Exhibit G.
The copyright act which went into force on July i, 1909,
provides for the gradual elimination of the accumulated copy- Books
right deposits (sees. 59 and 60.) During the year books desired
for the Library to the number of 6,563 volumes (including
1,487 foreign books and pamphlets) have been forwarded
through the Order Division. These selected books were in
addition to the "first" copies of copyright books sent for-
ward as received from day to day, numbering 1 1 ,794 for the
fiscal year. In addition, there has been transferred upon
the Librarian's order a collection of books and pamphlets
relating to American poetry and printed dramas by Ameri-
can authors, numbering 1,144 pieces, thus making a total of
19,501 books and pamphlets delivered to the Library from
the Copyright Office during the year.
Of musical compositions, 20,644 were deposited and regis- Othcr artidl
tered during the year, and of these, 18,633 were transferred > r *,<*.' >**'
to the Music Division. There were also transferred 1 9,735 raphs ' and peri '
musical compositions that were registered prior to 1909
under the old law. All of the 1,612 maps registered during
the year were placed in the Map Division. Out of the total
of 23,348 photographs, engravings, and other "pictorial
illustrations" entered, 4,438 were selected and forwarded
to the Print Division for permanent deposit. Of the 24
daily newspapers registered, both copies of 18 (6 being .
1 80 Report of the Librarian of Congress
rejected) were promptly sent to the Periodical Division,
and i , 1 93 magazines and periodicals, including weekly news-
papers, out of the 1,589 different journals received, were
also transferred to that division; while the copies received
in the case of 396 of the least important publications regis-
tered under the designation "periodical," have been re-
turned during the year to the copyright claimants.
Books trans- fhe act of March 4, 1909 (sec. 59), provides for the trans-
ferred to other
libraries ^ er to other governmental libraries in the District of
Columbia "for use therein" of such copyright deposits as
are not required by the Library of Congress, and during
the present fiscal year 5,452 books were selected by the
librarians and thus transferred to the libraries of the follow-
ing: Departments (Agriculture, Commerce, Navy, and
Treasury); Bureaus (Education, Fisheries, Mines, Stand-
ards); Engineer School, Federal Trade Commission, Hy-
gienic Laboratory, Internal Revenue Office, Pension Office,
Soldiers' Home, Surgeon General's Office, and the Public
Library of the District of Columbia.
Scandinavian ^ special collection consisting of 635 works by Scandina-
vian authors (Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish) were trans-
ferred for use in the Public Library of the District. They
were all duplicate copies.
Return of de- Under the provisions ot the act of March 4, 1909, authority
^iai!nanis P ' "' 1S granted also for the return to the claimants of copyright
of such copyright deposits as are not required by the Library
or Copyright Office. The notice required by section 60 has
been printed for all classes of works deposited and registered
during the years January i, 1900, to June 30, 1909. In
response to special requests, 13 dramatic or musical com-
positions and 9,917 motion-picture films have been returned
to the copyright claimants, and of the current deposits not
needed by the Library of Congress the following have also
been so returned: 12,177 "books" (pamphlets, leaflets, etc.),
19 photographs, 13,753 prints, 8,642 periodicals, music (old)
14,735; a total of 59,256 pieces. The total number of arti-
cles thus transferred during the year or returned to the
copyright claimants amounts to more than one hundred and
seventy thousand pieces (177,089).
Request for j n response to inquiries during the year from the Card
Section, the Order Division, and the Reading Room in re-
Register of Copyrights 181
gard to 639 books supposed to have been copyrighted but not
found in the Library, it was discovered that 94 of these
works were actually in the Library, 90 of the books had
been deposited and were still in the Copyright Office, 94
works were either not published, did not claim copyright, or
for other reasons could not be deposited, and in the case of
191 works no answers to our letters of inquiry had been re-
ceived up to June 30, 1916. Copies were received of 170
works in all in response to requests made by the Copyright
Office during the period of 12 months for works published
during recent years.
THE COPYRIGHT INDEX AND CATALOGUE, BULLETINS, AND
The copyright registrations are indexed upon cards. The '<f **
cards made are first used as copy for the printed catalogue
and after printing are added to the permanent card indexes
of the copyright entries. The temporary cards made for
the indexes to the printed catalogue (numbering 83,351
during the fiscal year) have been eliminated, and the re-
maining cards (105,591 for the fiscal year) were added to
the permanent card indexes, now numbering over 2,930,000
cards. By revision and condensation 520 cards were can-
celed and withdrawn from the indexes during the year.
The printing of the catalogue of dramas copyrighted from
1870 to 1915 will permit the elimination of more than
130,000 cards and to that extent relieve the pressure for
space in the index.
The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, has been continued, Catalogue /
as required by law, by the publication of five volumes for 6 '
the calendar year 1915, containing a total of 7,320 pages of
text and indexes.
Each part of the catalogue is sold separately at a nominal subscription
annual subscription rate within the maximum price estab-
lished by law, as follows:
Part i, Groups i and 2, Books and Pamphlets, etc $i. oo
Part 2, Periodicals 50
Part 3, Musical Compositions i. oo
Part 4, Works of Art, Photographs, etc 50
The price of the entire catalogue is $3 for the year. The
subscriptions, by express provisions of the copyright act,
are required to be paid to the Superintendent of Docu-
1 82 Report of the Librarian of Congress
ments (Office of the Public Printer, Washington, D. C.), arid
all subscriptions must be for the complete year for each part
Bulletins A new edition of Bulletin No. 14, containing the copy-
right law in force, was called for during the year, and was
printed (60^ pp. 8) with the following explanatory matter
added : (i) The Pan-American Copyright Convention, signed
at Buenos Aires in 1910, and proclaimed by the President on
July 13, 1914; (2) the British Order in Council dated Feb-
ruary 3, 1915, providing that the provisions of the British
Copyright Act of 1911 shall apply to works by authors who
are citizens of the United States "in like manner as if the
authors had been British subjects," and that residence of
such authors in the United States shall be held equivalent to
residence in Great Britain; (3) the Proclamation by the
President of January i, 1915, extending to British subjects
the benefits of section i (e) of the Copyright Act of 1909.
Copyright con- ^ he text of the Fourth International American Convention
vention, IQIO , . i 1 1
on Literary and Artistic Copyright, proclaimed July 13, 1914,
was printed as Information Circular No. 55. (6 pp. 8.)
Catalogue of f he printing of the Catalogue of Copyright Dramas was
1915 begun on September 22, 1915, and proceeded very slowly
until February 7, 1916, when 672 pages had been printed,
including 13,887 titles, out of a total of about 60,000 dramas
registered between July 8, 1870, and December 31, 1915.
SUMMARY OP COPYRIGHT BUSINESS
Summary of Balance on hand July i, 1915 $9, 257. 35
copyright business Gross receipts July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916. . 115, 663. 42
Total to be accounted for 124, 920. 77
Refunded 2,711. 39
Balance to be accounted for $122, 209. 38
Applied as earned fees 112, 986. 85
Balance carried over to July i,
Trust funds $7, 839. 26
Unfinished business July i,
1897, to June 30, 1916, 19
years 1,383-27 9. 222 - S3
122, 209. 38
Tptal fees earned and paid4nto the Treasury during the 19
years from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1916 1,649,776.15
Total unfinished business for 19 years i, 383. 27
Register of Copyrights
FOR FISCAL YEAR
Fees for registrations, including certificates, Fees
at $i each $105, 454. oo
Fees for registrations of photographs without
certificates, at 50 cents each 4, 442. 50
Fees for registrations of renewals, at 50 cents
each 814. oo
Total fees for registrations recorded Si 10, 710. 50
Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents
each 371. 50
Fees for recording assignments i, 556. oo
Searches made and charged for at the rate of
50 cents for each hour of time consumed. . 146. 50
Notices of user recorded (Music) 138. 25
Indexing transfers of proprietorship 64. 10
Total fees for fiscal year 1915-16 112, 986. 85
Number of registrations 1 14, 339 Entries
Number of renewals recorded i, 628
Number of certified copies of record 743
Number of assignments recorded or copied i, 083
The greater part of the business of the Copyright Office is cor
done by correspondence. The total letters and parcels re-
ceived during the fiscal year numbered 146,853, while the
letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 150,353. Letters
received transmitting remittances numbered 44,141, includ-
ing money orders to the number of 30,1 1 8. During the last
19 fiscal years the money orders received numbered more
than half a million (505,900).
CONDITION OF COPYRIGHT OFFICE WORK
(a) Current work
At this date (July 10, 1916) the remittances received up Condition
to the third mail of the day have been recorded. The ae-*"
count books of the bookkeeping division are written up and
posted to June 30, and the accounts rendered to the Treasury
Department are settled up to and including the month of
June, while earned fees to June 30, inclusive, have been paid
into the Treasury.
1 84 Report of the Librarian of Congress
All copyright applications received up to and including
June 30 have been passed upon and refunds made. The
unfinished business amounted on June 30, 1916, to $1,383.27.
Of this, however, a large sum represented business for the
fiscal year, held awaiting answers to letters from the Copy-
right Office in regard to informalities, etc.
At the close of business on July 10, 1916, of the works
deposited for copyright registration up to and including June
30 all had been recorded. There remained to be indexed:
Class A, Books, 836; Class E, Music, 342; Class I, Technical
(6) Deposits received prior to July i, 1807
Deposits prior During the fiscal year 1915-16 about 2,1 50 articles re-
iojuly 1,1897 j T i ji j 4-u 1 r
ceived prior to July i, 1897, were handled in the work of
crediting such matter to the proper entries. Of these arti-
cles, 1,037 pieces (comprising 414 pamphlets and leaflets,
599 periodical contributions, and 24 miscellaneous articles)
were credited to their respective entries and properly filed.
Entries were found for 900 more pamphlets, etc., and they
have been arranged for crediting. Careful search was made
in the case of about 200 other pamphlets, etc., but no cor-
responding entries were found. In addition, about 18,657
printed titles filed prior to July 8, 1870, have been arranged
by classes (Books, Music, Prints, Labels, etc.) to facilitate
examination. The examination of this old material be-
comes proportionately slow and its identification more
difficult as the remaining material presents fewer clues
under which search can be made for possible entries. Mean-
time the pressure of the currenf copyright business has been
so great as to oblige the transfer, from time to time, of the
clerks from work upon the old unfinished material to the
(c) Branch Copyright Office at San Francisco
Branch office at The appropriation of $30,000, made in the sundry civil
San Francisco . .
appropriation act for the fiscal year 1915, for the Copyright
and Patent Branch Office at the Panama-Pacific Inter-
national Exposition, was continued and made available for
Register of Copyrights 185
expenditure during the first half of the fiscal year 1916, by
an item to that effect in the sundry civil appropriation act
for the fiscal year 1916. This branch oflice went out of
existence on December 4, 1915, with the closing of the
Panama-Pacific International Exposition. It had bec-n
established when the exposition was opened under authority
given by the act approved September 18, 1913, with a view
to register copyright proprietorship in behalf of foreign ex-
hibitors at the exposition. Owing to the European war,
the expected demand for copyright registration was not
made, and only four certificates of copyright proprietorship
were issued under the provisions of the act cited. The actual
expenditures finally incurred upon the part of the Copy-
right Office only amounted to a total of $7.25. The cost
involved in maintaining the branch office, however, was
borne by the Patent Office, whose representative at San
Francisco, under arrangements made with the Commis-
sioner of Patents, courteously received and forwarded such
applications and correspondence which it was found re-
lated to copyright protection rather than to patent rights.
The unexpended balance of the Library's share of the
appropriation of March 4, 1914, namely $14,992.75, re-
verted to the Treasury of the United States on December
31, 1915, in accordance with the provision of the sundry
civil appropriation act for 1915-16, referred to above.
Mr. Crisfield's appointment as Assistant Register
On May 18, 1916, Mr. Arthur Crisfield was appointed Assistant Regis-
Assistant Register of Copyrights.
COPYRIGHT LEGISLATION AND INTERNATIONAL COPYRIGHT
No new copyright legislation was finally enacted during
the fiscal year just closed, but two amendatory acts were
passed by the House of Representatives and now await
action by the Senate.
The first of these bills (H. R. 8356) was originally intro-
duced by Hon. Martin A. Morrison, chairman of the House R. 3356
1 86 Report of the Librarian of Congress
H. R. ft*?*? Committee on Patents, on January 8, I9I6, 1 and was favor-
ably reported to the House on February 26. 2 The purpose
of the bill is explained at length in the report submitted by
the House Committee on Patents. In section 25 of the
Copyright Act of 1909, providing remedies in the case of
infringement, the language used is "that if any person shall
infringe the copyright in any work protected under the copy-
right laws of the United States such person shall be liable" to
an injunction and the payment of damages. In section 28,
however, the language used is " that any person who willfully
and for profit shall infringe any copyright secured by this act
* * * shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon
conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not
exceeding one year or by a fine of not less than $100 nor
more than $1,000, or both, in the discretion of the court."
The result of this change from the words "shall infringe the
copyright in any work protected under the copyright laws of
the United States" in section 25, to "shall infringe any copy-
right secured by this Act," in section 28, has resulted in deci-
sions by the courts holding that the words "secured by this
act," as used in section 28, apply only to rights originally
procured under the act of March 4, 1909, and do not include
rights subsisting in any work at the time when that act went
The House committee report says:
As a result the penalty provided in section 28, as so construed,
applies only to infringements of copyrights originally procured under
the present act. The courts have held that the penalty for infringements
of rights subsisting at the time when the present statute went into
effect, and continued under and protected by the present law, is the
penalty provided in the statute that was in force at the time of the
enactment of the present law, and which has been for the most part
superseded by the present law. This construction of section 28 adds
greatly to the difficulty of preparing indictments based upon infringe-
1 1916 (Jan. 8). A bill to amend sections 28 and 30 of an act entitled "An act to amend
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by
Mr. Morrison. H. R. bill No. 8356, 6 4 th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Patents.]
2 1916 (Feb. 26). Amendment of laws relating to copyrights. Mr. Morrison, from the
Committee on Patents, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 8356).
64th Cong., ist sess., H. R. Report No. 265. Printed, 3 pp. 8.
1916 (Feb. 26). A bill to amend sections 28 and 30 of an act entitled "An act to amend
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Reported with
an amendment; referred to the House Calendar. H. R. bill 8356. (H. R. Report No.
265.) Printed, 2 pp. 4.
Register of Copyrights 187
ments of copyrights. The proposed amendment is intended to accom-
plish what the Committee on Patents manifestly intended to accom-
plish by the language in section 28. It will simplify the work of the
Department of Justice in its enforcement of the copyright laws.
The House act further amends section 30 of the Copyright
Act of March 4, 1909, prohibiting the importation of "any
piratical copies of any work copyrighted in the United
States," to prohibit the importation of "any infringing
copies, matter or material of any work copyrighted in the
The House report says:
The practical importance of section 30 is to authorize the officers of
the customhouse to retain possession of works alleged to be infringing
until the rights of the parties can be determined. It has been held,
however, thai the language of the section, "piratical copies," includes
only textual reproductions and does not include infringing matter or
material or the original in any form other than that of a textual repro-
duction. This construction, of which the committee make no criticism,
makes section 30 ineffectual to protect the rights of the parties in a large
proportion of the cases that arise. It is the opinion of the committee
that the protection afforded by section 30 should be as large as the
rights granted and the protection afforded by the remaining sections
of the bill.
The bill (H. R. 8356) was passed by the House of Repre-
sentatives on April 3, and on April 4 (legislative day, Mar.
30 *) it was read twice in the Senate and referred to the Com-
mittee on Patents. The full text of the House act is
printed on pages 203-204, and House report No. 265, on
pages 204-206 of this report.
The second copyright bill passed by the House (H. R. House Aci n
13981) was introduced by Hon. Woodson R. Oglesby on
March 3O, 2 and was referred to the Committee on Patents.
It proposes to amend section 12 of the Copyright Act of
March 4, 1909, by adding a proviso permitting in the case
of bulky, fragile, or dangerous articles, that in lieu of copies,
identifying photographs or prints of such articles with writ-
1 1916 (Mar. 30, calendar day, Apr. 4). An act to amend sections 28 and 30 of an act
entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved
Mar. 4, 1909. In the Senate of the United States. Read twice and referred to the Com-
mittee on Patents. H. R. Act No. 8356. Printed, 2 pp. 4.
2 1916 (Mar. 30). A bill to amend the copyright law. Presented by Mr. Oglesby.
H. R. bill No. 13981. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Com-
mittee on Patents.]
188 Report of the Librarian of Congress
ten or printed descriptions may be deposited. The bill also
provides that deposit and registration made for motion pic-
tures under the provisions of the act of August 24, 1912,
shall be held to be sufficient. A public hearing on this bill
was held before the Committee on Patents of the House on
April 5, the stenographic report of which has been printed. 1
H. R. report The bill was reported with verbal amendments on May 5, 2
and was passed by the House on July i. On July 3 (leg-
islative day of June 30) it was read twice in the Senate by
its title and referred to the Committee on Patents. 3 House
Report No. 640, which contains the text of the bill as re-
ported, is printed in full on pages 207-208 of this report.
Copyright bills j n addition to the two bills favorably acted upon by the
House, repoited above, the following bills have been intro-
duced during the fiscal year, and are still pending.
//. R.biii 5 8s On December 6, 1915, Hon. William S. Bennet introduced
a bill (H. R. 588) 4 to amend section 1 5 of the Copyright
Act of March 4, 1909, to except foreign periodicals from the
requirement of American typesetting by inclusion in the
clause in section 15 of the act, which excepts foreign books
in foreign languages from typesetting within the limits of
the United States. On January 7, 1916, the bill was re-
ferred to the House Committee on Patents, 5 and a public
hearing was held before that committee on April 26, the
1 Additional copyright identification motion-picture photoplays. Hearing before
the Committee on Patents, House of Representatives, 64th Cong., ist sess., on a bill
[H. R. 13981] relating to motion-picture photoplays, also providing for additional iden-
tification of works of copyright. April 5, 1916. 8 pp. 8. Washington, Government
Printing Office, 1916.
2 1916 (May 5). Copyright law. Mr. Oglesby, from the Committee on Patents, sub-
mitted the following Report (to accompany H. R. 13981). 64th Cong., ist sess. H. R.
Report No. 640. Printed, 2 pp. 8.
1916 (May 5). A bill to amend the copyright law. Reported with amendments,
referred to the House Calendar. H. R. bill No. 13981. (Report No. 640). Printed,
2 pp. 4.
3 1916 (June 30, calendar day July 3). An act to amend the copyright law. In the
Senate of the United States. H. R. act No. 13981. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp.
4. [Read twice and referred to the Committee on Patents.]
4 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to amend section 15 of the act of Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by the
acts of Aug. 24, 1912, and Mar. 28, 1914, in relation to periodicals. Presented by Mr.
Bennet. H. R. bill No. 588. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to
the Committee on Patents.]
5 1916 (Jan. 7). A bill to amend section 15 of the act of Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by
the acts of Aug. 24, 1912, and Mar. 28, 1914, in relation to periodicals. The Committee
on Printing discharged, and referred to the Committee on Patents. H. R. bill No. 588.
64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4.
Register of Copyrights
stenographic report of which was printed. 1 The bill has not
been reported from the committee.
On December ib, 1915, a bill (H. R. 3630) was intro-
duced in the House of Representatives by Hon. Charles 1 1 .
Randall for the deposit of manuscript copies of scenarios. *
It was ordered to be printed and was referred to the Com-
mittee on Patents. The same bill was presented in the s.biuar*>
Senate by Hon. Boies Penrose on December 17, 1915 (S.
2740), and referred to the Committee on the Library. 3 On
March 24, 1916, on motion of Hon. Francis G. Newlands
the bill was transferred to the Senate Committee on Pat-
ents. The bill proposes to add to the schedule of copy-
right works in section 5 of the Copyright Act of March 4,
1909, class " (n) scenarios," and adds, in agreement there-
with, the words "or scenario," in the proper places in sec-
tions 12 and 25, and a proviso in section 9, to the effect
"that any person entitled thereto under the provisions of
this act may secure a copyright for a scenario by type-
writing the same with notice of copyright required by this
act." It also amends section n, to require the deposit "if
the work be a scenario, of two typewritten copies of the
title and description, with cast of scenes, without prints or
other identifying reproductions thereof." No action on this
bill has been reported.
On January 5, 1916, Hon. Andrew J. Barchfeld intro-
duced a bill (H. R. 7624)"* to amend section 62 of the copy-
right act of 1909, by adding at the end the words:
And the term "public performance for profit" shall include any pub-
lic performance in any place of business operated for gain, though no
1 Amendment of copyright laws. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House
of Representatives, 64th Cong., ist sess. A bill [H. R. 588] to amend the copyright laws
relating to printing of periodicals. Apr. 26, 1916. 20 pp. 8. Washington, Govern-
ment Printing Offke, 1916.
2 1915 (Dec. 10). A bill to amend sections 5, 9, n, 12, and 25 of an act entitled "An
act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909,
and as amended Aug. 24, 1912. Presented by Mr. Randall. H. R. bill No. 3630. 64th
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 8 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
3 1915 (Dec. 17). A bill to amend sections 5, 9, n, 12, and 25 of an act entitled "An
act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909,
and as amended Aug. 24, 1912. Presented by Mr. Penrose. S. bill No. 2740. ~64th
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 8 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Library.)
4 1916 (Jan. 5). A bill to amend section 62 of the act entitled "An act to amend nd
consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr.
Barchfeld. H. R. bill No. 7624. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, a pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Patents.] -
190 Report of the Librarian of Congress
direct pecuniary charge or admission fee to such performance is made
unless such performance is given exclusively for a religious, charitable,
or educational purpose.
The House bill was referred to the Committee on Patents
and ordered to be printed. The same bill was presented to
the Senate on January 10, 1916, by Hon. Thomas W. Hard-
s. bin 3342 w i c k (S. 3342), 1 and was read twice and referred to the
Committee on Patents. Neither committee has reported
On March 9, 1916, Hon. Blair Lee introduced in the vSenate
s. bills 4 8oo & a bill (S. 4890)2 to amend section 25 of the copyright act of
1 909 to provide that the maximum damages for infringement
by a newspaper reproduction of a copyrighted photograph
shall be $250 in lieu of $200 and extends this limit of dam-
ages in the case of such infringement of a "print or pictorial
illustration." The bill also proposes to add a proviso at the
end of section 40, providing for the costs of a suit, to the
effect "that if only the minimum amount specified in this
Act for damages shall be awarded, each party shall pay his
his own costs." A new print of the bill with textual amend-
ments (S. 5183) was presented to the Senate on March 22, 3
and referred to the Committee on Patents; while the original
bill had meantime been introduced in the House of Repre-
sentatives on March 17, by Hon. Charles B. Smith, of New
H.R. biu 13348 York (H. R. 1 3348), 4 and referred to the House Committee
on Patents. No action by either committee has been
1 1916 (Jan. 10). A bill to amend section 62 of the act entitled "An act to amend and
consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr.
Hardwick. S. bill No. 3342, 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the
Committee on Patents.]
8 1916 (Mar. 9). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (6) of
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy-
right," approved Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also
to amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. I^ee of Maryland. S- bill No. 4890.
64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
* 1916 (Mar. 22). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (6) of
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy-
right," approved Mar. 4, 19059, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also to
amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. Hardwick. S. bill No. 5183. 64th
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
4 1916 (Mar. 17). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (6) of
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy-
right," approved Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also to
amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. Smith of New York. H. R. bill No.
13348. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp., 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
Register of Copyrights 19!
On April 5, 1916, Hon. William D. Stephens, of California,
introduced (by request) a bill (H. R. 14226)* to amend sec " R- ^1114226
tion i, paragraph (6), of the copyright act of 1909, to secure
to the copyright proprietor the exclusive right to make "any
abridgment, amplification, augmentation, adaptation, or ar-
rangement' ' of a copyrighted work. The bill was referred
to the House Committee on Patents. It has not been
reported. The text of this bill is printed in this report,
The following bills which deal directly with copyright or
contain certain provisions in relation to copyright have been
referred to in my previous reports, but have been reintro-
duced in the present Congress, and referred, in each case,
to the committee noted. H. R. 24925 (2d sess., 62d Con-
gress; printed in full in my Annual Report for 1911-12, pp.
179-180), was again presented by Hon. Luther W. Mott on
December 6, 1915, and referred to the House Committee on
Patents. The bill (now H. R. 42o) 2 deals with the copyright BUIH. R. 420
of labels and other commercial advertisements, and proposes
to extend the misdemeanor clause in section 28 of the copy-
right act of March 4, 1909.
H. R. 21137 (3d se^s., 63d Cong.; summarized in my
Annual Report for 1914-15, pp. 166-167) was reintroduced
by Hon. William A. Oldfield on December 7, 1915, in an
amended form (H. R. 3053), 3 reading as follows: BUI H.R. 3053
Upon the expiration of the copyright of a book, or the renewal thereof
should the same be renewed, there shall exist no superior rights of any
nature whatsoever in the publisher or former proprietor thereof to the
matter w r hich has been the subject of copyright or to the name or title
thereof, but both the matter which has been the subject of copyright
and its name or title shall fall into the public domain and thereafter
be forever free to the unrestricted use of the public.
The bill was referred to the House Committee on Patents,
and public hearings were held before that committee on
1 1916 (Apr. 5). A bill to amend section i, subdivision (6), of the act entitled "An art
to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Pre-
sented by Mr. Stephens of California (by request). H. R. bill No. 14226, 64th Cong.,
ist sess. Printed 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.)
2 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to amend the copyright law passed Mar. 4, 1909. Presented
by Mr. Mott. H. R. bill No. 420. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 3 pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Patents.]
8 1915 (Dec. 7). A bill to amend section 23 of the art entitled "An art to amend and
consolidate the arts respecting copyright," approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr.
Oldfield. H. R. bill No. 3053. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4- [Referred to
the Committee on Patents.]
192 Report of the Librarian of Congress
May 3. The stenographic report was duly printed. 1 This
bill has not been reported by the committee.
BUiH.R. 10231 H. R. 20695 (3d sess. 63d Congress; printed in my last
year's report, pp. 189-190) was again presented to the
House on January 27, 1916, by Hon. Daniel A. Driscoll
(H. R. 10231) 2 and referred to the Committee on Patents.
It proposes to increase the term of ad interim copyright from
30 days to 90 days, and to make the importation of author-
ized copies of English books, now permitted under the law
in force, contingent upon the express "consent of the pro-
prietor of the American copyright or his representative,"
i. e., the American publisher or republisher of the English
author's book. No action has been taken by the com-
mittee on this bill.
Motion-picture H. R. 14895 (2d sess. 63d Congress; referred to in my last
U.K. 45 6 years report, pp. 167-168) was remtroduced on December
6, 1915, by Hon. Dudley M. Hughes in the House (H. R.
456) 3 and on December 16, 1915, by Hon. Hoke Smith in
the Senate (S. 2204) . 4 It proposed a Commission of Cen-
sorship for motion pictures, and provided in section 9
"that no copyright shall be issued for any film which has
not previously received the certificate and seal of this
commission." A substitute bill was reported from the
House Committee on Education by the Hon. Mr. Hughes
BUIH.R. 15462 on May 8j I9l6f and in this b in ( H . R. 15462) 5 the copy-
right clause has been omitted.
1 Amendment of copyright laws. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House
of Representatives, 64th Cong., ist sess. A bill [H. R. 3053] to amend the copyright
laws relating to rights existing after expiration of copyright. May 3, 1916. 41 pp. 8.
Washington, Government printing office, 1916.
'1916 (Jan. 27). A bill to amend sections 2 1 and3i of the act entitled " An act to amend
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright, " approved Mar. 4, 1909. Presented by Mr.
Driscoll. H.R. bill No. 10231. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 4 pp. 4. [Referred to the
Committee on Patents.]
3 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to create a new division of the Bureau of Education, to be known
as the Federal Motion Picture Commission, and defining its powers and duties. Pre-
sented by Mr. Hughes. ' H. R. bill No. 456. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 6 pp. 4.
[Referred to the Committee on Education.]
4 1915 (Dec. 16). A bill to create a new division of the Bureau of Education", to be
known as the Federal Motion Picture Commission, and defining its powers and duties.
Presented by Mr. Smith of Georgia. S. bill No. 2204. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed,
6 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Education and Labor.]
6 1916 (May 8). A bill to create a commission to be known as the Federal Motion Pic-
ture Commission, and denning its powers and duties. Presented by Mr. Hughes. H.
R. bill No. 15462. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 10 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee
Register of Copyrights 1 93
H. R. 15902 (2d sess., 63d Congress, the public printing plMic
bill, referred to in my last year's report, p. 168) was rein-
troduced on December 6, 1915, by Hon. Henry A. Barn-
hart (H. R. 323).* It retains the provision that "no Gov- BMH.R.SZB
ernment publication nor any portion thereof shall be copy-
righted." A substitute bill was introduced in the Senate
by Hon. Duncan U. Fletcher (S. 1107) on December 7, Bias. 1107
I9i5, 2 and the same copyright clause is contained in section
82. A bill was favorably reported in lieu of H. R. 323 from
the House Committee on Printing by Hon. Henry A.
Barnhart on January n, 1916 (H. R. 8664; House Report BUIH.R.SMV
No. 32), 3 which retains the copyright clause as quoted " 2 *
above. On February 25, 1916, Hon. Duncan U. Fletcher
favorably reported from the Senate Committee on Printing,
with amendments, S. bill 1107 (Senate Report i83), 4 which
contains the following explanatory statement :
SEC. 82. This paragraph defines the term "Government publica-
tion" to mean and include all publications printed at Governmen
expense or published or distributed by authority of Congress. It also
continues the present prohibition against the copyrighting of Govern-
ment publications. The definition here used is similar to that which
has been adopted by the Superintendent of Documents for many
years in his work of classifying and cataloguing Government publica-
No final action has been taken upon these bills.
1 1915 (Dec. 6). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Presented by
Mr. Barnhart. H. R. bill No. 323. 64 th Cong. , ist sess. Printed, 125 pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Printing.]
2 1915 (Dec. 7). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Presented by
Mr. Fletcher. S. bill No. 1107. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 129 pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Printing.]
3 1916 (Jan. n). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Reported from
the Committee on Printing by Mr. Barnhart, in lieu of H. R. 323; committed to the
Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union. H. R. bill No. 8664. 64th
Cong., ist sess. Printed, 129 pp. 4.
1916 (Jan. n). Revision of printing laws. Mr. Barnhart, from the Committee on
Printing, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 8664). 64th Cong., ist
sess. H. R. Report No. 32. Printed, 132 pp. 8.
4 1916 (Feb. 25). A bill to amend, revise, and codify the laws relating to the public^
printing and binding and the distribution of Government publications. Reported by
Mr. Fletcher, with amendments. S. bill No. 1107. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 132
pp. 4 .
1916 (Feb. 25). Revision of printing laws. Mr. Fletcher, from the Committee on
Printing, submitted the following report (to accompany S. 1107). 64th Cong., ist sess.
S. Report No. 183. Printed, 134 pp. 8.
194 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Designs copy- j n p rev ious Annual Reports (more especially in my re-
port for 1912-13, pp. 148-149), I have pointed out the
urgent need for better protection for artistic designs for
articles of manufacture, with the recommendation that
such amendment of the copyright laws be suggested as
would secure protection of ornamental designs for articles
of manufacture; provide for suitable remedies in case of in-
fringement, and for a sufficient and reasonably economical
registration. There was considerable evidence that a wide-
spread need was felt for such legislation, and on January 12,
1914, the then chairman of the Committee on Patents of the
House of Representatives introduced an elaborate and de-
tailed "Bill providing for the registration of designs."
BUIH. R. 11321 (H. R. 11321, 2d sess. 63d Cong.). 1 Public hearings on
this bill were held before the House committee on April 22,
24, 28, 29 and May 5, 6, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, and 27, 1914, and
the stenographic report of the discussions was printed. 2
Following this hearing, revised bills were introduced by the
chairman of the House Committee on Patents, on August
' 223 4, 1914 (H. R. 18223, 2d sess. 63d Cong.) 3 and on Decem-
ber 17, 1915 (H. R. 6458, ist sess. 64th Cong.). 4
A second series of public hearings were held before the
House committee on March 22, 23, 24, 29, April 5 and 19,
1916, the stenographic reports of which were printed. 5 The
present chairman of that committee, Hon. Martin A. Morri-
1 1914 (Jan. 12). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Oldfield. H. R. bill No. 11321. 6$d Cong., ad sess. Printed, 17 pp. 4. [Referred to
the Committee on Patents.]
z Registration of designs. Hearing before the Committee on Patents, House of Rep-
resentatives, 6jd Cong., 2d sess., Apr. 22-[May 27], 1914. 250 pp. 8. Washington,
Government Printing Office, 1914. [Each day's hearing was printed separately.)
3 1914 (Aug. 4). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Oldfield (by request). H. R. bill No. 18223. 63d Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 21 pp. 4.
[Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
4 1915 (Dec. 17). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Morrison (by request). H. R. bill No. 6458. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 22 pp.
4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.]
5 Registration of designs. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, House of Repre-
sentatives, 64th Cong., ist sess., on the bills H. R. 6458 and H. R. 13618, providing for
the registration of designs, Mar, 22, 23, 24, 29 and Apr. 5, 1916. [Part i.] 267 pp. 8.
Washington, Government Printing Office, 1916.
Registration of designs. Hearings before the Committee on Patents, House of Rep-
resentatives, 64th Cong., ist sess., on the bill H. R. 6458, providing for the registration
of designs. Apr. 19, 1916. Part 2, title page, pp. 269-273. 8. Washington, Govern-
ment Printing Office, 1916.
Register of Copyrights 195
son, introduced a new bill (H. R. 14666) on April 15, 1916,' H -
to enact "that the author of any design, new and original,
as embodied in or applied to any manufactured product of
an art or trade, or his assignee, may have copyright therein
by registering such design in the United States Patent Office
and obtaining from the Commissioner of Patents a certificate
of such registration."
The bill provides in considerable detail for the proposed
registration in the Patent Office and makes provision for
remedies in case of infringement, for practice and pro-
//. International Copyright Relations
During the year covered by this report official notification Pan-American
has been received that Brazil, Costa Rica, and Salvador**, wo
have ratified the Fourth Pan-American Copyright Conven-
tion, which was signed at Buenos Aires on August n, 1910,
and proclaimed by the United States on July 13, 1914.
1 1916 (Apr. 15). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Morrison. H. R. bill No. 14666. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 22 pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Patents.]
* Since the above was written a new draft of the bill was presented by Hon. Martin A.
Morrison, on Aug. 4, 1916 (H. R. I7290) 1 . It includes as subject matter of protection
"any new and original surface design," and makes the necessary changes throughout the
bill to correspond to this addition. This bill was favorably reported from the House
Committee on Patents on Aug. 18, 1916 (H. R. 17290. H. R. Report No. nas). 2 The
House report explains the bill as follows:
"The bill does not undertake to repeal or amend existing patent law as to patents
or design patents. It leaves all such laws in full force and effect. It proposes that new
and original designs, and designs new and original as embodied in or applied to any
manufactured product of an art or trade, may be registered in the United States Patent
Office by the author or inventor, or his assignee, and that the registrant may have copy-
right in such design. The subject matter of the pending bill is practically the same
as the subject matter of design patents under existing law. The present bill does not
cover any subject matter embraced within the present patent laws other than those
relating to design patents, but is expressly limited to designs having no functional or
mechanical purpose cr producing no functional or mechanical result. It is expressly
provided that designs shall not be given copyright protection under the pending bill
if they come within the purview of the statutes providing patent protection upon
1 1916 (Aug. 4). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr.
Morrison. H. R. bill No. 17290. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred
to the Committee on Patents.]
2 1916 (Aug. 18). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Committed to the
Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, H R. bill No. 17290. (H. R.
Report No. 1125.) 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4.
1916 (Aug. 18). Registration of designs. Mr. Morrison, from the Committee on Pat-
ents, submitted the following report (to accompany H. R. 17290). 64th Cong., ist
sess. H. R. Report No. 1125. Printed, 3 pp. 8.
196 Report of the Librarian of Congress
This Convention is now in force between the United States
and the following countries : Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, the
Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras,
Nicaragua, Panama, and Salvador.
This international agreement provides that "The signa-
tory States acknowledge and protect the rights of Literary
and Artistic Property in conformity with the stipulations of
the present Convention" (art. i); and that "The acknowl-
edgment of a copyright obtained in one State, in conformity
with its laws, shall produce its effects of full right in all the
other States, without the necessity of complying with ny
other formality, provided always there shall appear in the
work a statement that indicates the reservation of the
property right" (art. 3). The full text of this Convention
was printed in the Report of the Register of Copyrights for
1914-15, pages 197-200.
Register of Copyrights
Librarian of Congress
Register of Copyrights
EXHIBIT A Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and fees
or fiscal year ending June JO, !Qi6
$9- 770. 88
$9, 201. 30
8, 518. 10
8, 646. 58
9, 733- 65
8 768 05
9> 793- 05
8, 038. 54
9, 638. 61
115, 663. 42
2, 711. 39
112, 986. 85
Balance brought forward from June 30, 1915 $9, 257. 35
Net receipts July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916:
Gross receipts $115,663. 42
Less amount refunded 2 , 71 1. 39
Total to be accounted for 122, 209. 38
Copyright fees applied July i, 1915, to June 30, 1916.
Balance carried forward to July r, 1916:
198 Report of the Librarian of Congress
KXHIBIT B Statement of fees paid into Treasury
Jan. 3 ...
Aug. 16 ....
i. 700- oo
1 . 400. 00
Oct 1 8
Dec. 20 ...
Register of Copyrights
EXHIBIT C Record of applied fees
7 230. 50
10, 589. 50
9, 6ic. oo
IO 5j 454- oo
1 1 tj 967
no, 710. 50
r notice c
$9, 201. 20
1 15. oo
9t S72 25
64394 16 14
Report of the Librarian of Congress
EXHIBIT D Comparative monthly statement of gross cash receipts, applied
fees, number of registrations, daily averages, etc.
Number of registrations.
10, 797- 85
EXHIBIT E Statement of gross cash receipts, yearly fees, number of reg-
istrations, etc., for ig fiscal years
64, 185. 65
71, 533. 91
80, 440. 56
82, 610- 92
i 20, 149. 51
104, 644. 95
I2O, 219. 25
NOTE. Detailed statement for 18 fiscal years, 1897-98, etc., to 1914-15, by months,
may be found in Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for year 1914-15 (pp. -177-178,
Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1914-15).
Register of Copyrights
EXHIBIT F Table of registrations made during fiscal years 1910-11,
1911-12, 1912-13, 1913-14, 1914-15, and 1915-16, arranged by classed
Class A. Books (including pamph-
lets, leaflets, and contri-
butions to periodicals):
(a) Printed in the United States
(6) Printed abroad in a foreign
(c) English books registered for
ad interim copyright
31 , 891
31 j Q26
Class B. Periodicals (numbers)
Class C. Lectures, sermons, ad-
Class D. Dramatic or dramatico-
3- 4' 5
Class K Musical compositions
25. 5 2 S
2 1 , 406,
Class F Maps
2> OI I
I ? 950
j j 772
Class G. Works of art; models or de-
Class H. Reproductions of works of
Class I. Drawings or plastic works
of a scientific or technical
Class J. Photographs
Class K. Prints and pictorial illus-
Class I y . Motion-picture photoplays.
Class M. Motion pictures not photo-
i 19, 495
* For detailed statement of registrations made for fiscal years from 1901 to 1909-10 see
Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15.
Report of the Librarian of Congress
EXHIBIT G Table of articles deposited during 1913-14, 1914-75, and
(a) Printed in the United States:
Pamphlets, leaflets, etc
Contributions to newspapers
(6) Printed abroad in a foreign language
English works registered for ad in-
3. Lectures sermons etc
4. Dramatic or dramatico-musical composi-
5 Musical compositions
7. Works of art; models or designs
8. Reproductions of works of art
8a. Chromos and lithographs
9. Drawings or plastic works of a scientific
or technical character
ii. Prints and pictorial illustrations
12. Motion-picture photoplays
13. Motion pictures not photoplays
14. Miscellaneous (unclassified articles)
15. Foreign books received under act of Mar.
NOTB. For detailed statement of articles deposited during fiscal years 1897-8 to 19x2
13 see Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15.
Addendum to the Report of the Register of Copyrights, 1915-16
Copyright bills and reports, Sixty-fourth Congress, first session:
H. R. act No. 8356; passed the House of Representatives April 3,
and referred to Senate Committee on Patents April 4, 1916;
H. R. Report No. 265, to accompany H. R. 8356; February 26,
1916; page 204.
H. R. Report No. 640, to accompany H. R. 13981; May 5, 1916;
H. R. bill No. 14226; introduced by Hon. William D. Stephens
April 5, 1916; page 209.
[64th Cong., ist sess. H. R. 8356. In the Senate of the United States. g ^ R - Act No -
March 30 (calendar day, April 4), 1916. Read twice and referred to
the Committee on Patents.]
AN ACT To amend sections twenty-eight and thirty of an Act entitled "An act to
amend and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved March fourth, nine-
teen hundred and nine.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That sections twenty-eight and
thirty of the act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts
respecting copyright," approved March fourth, nineteen hundred and
nine, be amended to read as follows:
"SEC. 28. That any person who willfully and for profit shall infringe
any copyright in any -work protected under the copyright laws of the
United States, or who shall knowingly and willfully aid or abet such
infringement, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con-
viction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not exceeding
one year or by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or
both, in the discretion of the court: Provided, however, That nothing in
this act shall be so construed as to prevent the performance of religious"
or secular works, such as oratorios, cantatas, masses, or octavo choruses
by public schools, church choirs or vocal societies, rented, borrowed,
or obtained from some public library, public school, church choir,
school choir, or vocal society, provided the performance is given for
charitable or educational purposes and not for profit.
" SEC. 30. That the importation into the United States of any arti-
cle bearing a false notice of copyright when there is no existing copy-
204 Report of the Librarian of Congress
right thereon in the United States, or of any infringing copies, matter,
or material of any work copyrighted in the United States, is pro-
Passed the House of Representatives April 3, 1916.
Ret>ori [64th Cong., istsess. House of Representatives. Report No. 265.]
AMENDMENT OF LAWS RELATING TO COPYRIGHTS
FEBRUARY 26, 1916. Referred to the House Calendar and ordered to
Mr. MORRISON, from the Committee on Patents, submitted the follow-
ing report (to accompany H. R. 8356).
The Committee on Patents, to whom was referred House bill 8356,
respectfully report that they have had the same under consideration
and recommend that the bill be amended and that the bill as amended
In line 3 of page 2 of the printed bill the word "oratorios," as found
in the existing statute, is spelled "oratories." It was not the purpose
of the author of the bill or of the committee to make any change in
the present statute other than the ones included in the printed bill
as hereinafter set forth. The change in the spelling of the word re-
ferred to is the result of inadvertence either by the author or at the
Government Printing Office. The committee, therefore, recommend
that the word "oratories" in the printed bill be stricken out and the
word "oratorios" be inserted in lieu thereof.
The bill proposes to amend sections 28 and 30 of the existing copy-
The bill proposes to amend section 28 to read as follows:
SEC. 28. That any person who willfully and for profit shall infringe any copyright in
any work protected under the copyright laws of the L'nited Stales, or who shall knowingly
and willfully aid or at>et such infringement, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not exceeding one
year or by a fine of not less than $100 nor more than $1,000, or both, in the discretion of
the court: Provided, however, That nothing in this act shall be so construed as to prevent
the performance of religious or secular works, such as oratorios, cantatas, masses, or
octavo choruses by public schools, church choirs, or vocal societies, rented, borrowed,
or obtained from some public library, public school, church choir, school choir, or vocal
society, provided the performance is given for charitable or educational purposes and
not for profit.
The section as proposed is in the identical language of the corre-
sponding section of the present law, except the typographical error
Register of Copyrights 205
above referred to and except the language italicized as hereinabove
printed. The effect of the proposed amendment to section 28 will be
to strike out of the existing statute the words "secured by this act,"
and inserting in lieu thereof the words " in any work protected under
the copyright laws of the United States."
When the present copyright statute was reported to this House by
Hon. Frank Currier, the then chairman of the Committee on Pat. nis,
on February 22, 1909, Mr. Currier submitted to the House a most
elaborate and valuable statement of the purpose of the committee as
to each section and subdivision of the act as submitted. It was the
manifest intention of the committee that the words proposed to be
stricken out, "secured by this act," should have the effect to bring
under section 28 all copyrights thereafter protected by the copyright
laws of the United States, whether such protection had been procured
prior to the enactment of the new statute or would be procured there-
after and thereunder. On page 16 of the report of the committee the
following language was used in assigning the reason why, in the opinion
ef the committee", the language as then proposed in section 28 should
be adopted by the Congress.
As far as the report relates to the language of the statute affected by
the proposed amendment, it was in the following language:
Section 28 provides that a willful infringement for profit of a copyright shall be a mis-
demeanor. Such an infringement when affecting a dramatic work or musical com-
position is a misdemeanor under existing law and punishable by imprisonment for a
term not exceeding one year, with no alternative sentence. This section, as we have
it in the bill, applies to all copyrights, but materially modifies the sentence which may
be imposed by adding an alternative sentence, as follows: " Or by a fine of not less than
$100 nor more than $1,000, or both, in the discretion of the court."
It is evident that the Committee on Patents used the words " secured
by this act" in the same sense in which in section 25 they used the
words "protected under the copyright laws of the United States"
upon the assumption that after the enactment of the present statute
all rights protected under the copyright laws of the United States would
be " secured by this act. " At a later time the courts were called upon
to construe the words "secured by this act." The fact that the com-
mittee had used substantially different phraseology in the opening
sentence of section 25 relating to civil remedies and the opening
sentence of section 28 relating to criminal proceedings doubtless led
the court to infe- that the Congress intended section 28 to be given
a more limited scope than section 25. In the opening sentence of
section 23 the words " secured by this act" are used in contradistinction
to the words " subsisting in any work at the time when this act goes into
effect. " This fact may also have influenced the decision of the court.
At any rate, the courts have held that the words "secured by this act, "
as used in section 28, apply to rights originally procured under this
act and do not include rights subsisting in any work at the time when
this act went into effect.
As a result the penalty provided in section 28, as so construed,
applies only to infringements of copyrights originally procured under
206 Report of the Librarian of Congress
the present act. The courts have held that the penalty for infringe-
ments of rights subsisting at the time when the present statute went
into effect, and continued under and protected by the present law,
is the penalty provided in the statute that was in force at the time of
the enactment of the present law, and which had been for the most
part superseded by the present law. This construction of section 28
adds greatly to the difficulty of preparing indictments based upon
infringements of copyrights. The proposed amendment is intended
to accomplish what the Committee on Patents manifestly intended
to accomplish by the language in section 28. It will simplify the work
of the Department of Justice in its enforcement of the copyright laws.
The pending bill proposes to amend section 30 to read as follows:
SEC. 30. That the importation into the United States of any article bearing a false
notice of copyright when there is no existing copyright thereon in the United States,
or of any infringing copies, matter, or material of any work copyrighted in the United
States, is prohibited.
The proposed section is in the identical language of the correspond-
ing section of the present law, except as to the words printed in italic*.
The effect of the proposed amendment is to strike out of the present
statute the words "piratical copies" and to insert in lieu thereof the
words "infringing copies, matter, or material."
Section 30 is intended to give to the holders of rights protected
under the copyright laws of the United States additional protection by
prohibiting the importation of articles bearing false notice of copy-
right or infringing publications of copyrighted works. Prior sections
of the act refer to copyrighted works and also to the materials of such
works whether translated into other languages, recast into other ver-
sions, or otherwise modified, as in the dramatizing of a nondramatic
work or the novelizing of a dramatic work or the recasting of it into
some other literary form. The practical importance of section 30 is to
authorize the officers of the customhouse to retain possession of works
alleged to be infringing, until the rights of the parties can be deter-
mined. It has been held, however, that the language of the section,
"piratical copies," includes only textual reproductions, and does not
include infringing matter or material or the original work in any form
other than that of a textual reproduction. This construction, of which
the committee make no criticism, makes section 30 ineffectual to pro-
tect the rights of the parties in a large proportion of the cases that arise.
It is the opinion of the committee that the protection afforded by sec-
tion 30 should be as large as the rights granted and the protection af-
forded by the remaining sections of the bill.
Register of Copyrights 207
[64th Cong., istsess. House of Representatives. Report No. 640.] I/. K. Report
MAY 5, 1916. Referred to the House Calendar ?.nd ordered to be
Mr. OGLESBY, from the Committee on Patents, submitted the following
report (to accompany H. R. 13981).
The Committee on Patents, to whom was referred House bill 13981,
respectfully report that they had the same under consideration, and
recommend that the bill be amended and that the bill as amended
Amendment No. i: In line 4 of page 2 of the printed bill change
"numbered" to "number."
Amendment No. 2 : In line 6 of page 2 insert the word "hundred" in
the date, so that this last shall read "August twenty-fourth, nineteen
hundred and twelve."
Amendment No. 3: In line 8 on page 2, in the phrase reading "such
deposit and registration shall hereafter be held to be sufficient for all
purposes, " strike out the words "for all purposes, " so that the phrase
shall read, "such deposit and registration shall hereafter be held to be
It is the intention in the bill to make such deposit and registration
as it provides for a sufficient compliance with the requirements of the
law as to deposit and registration, but not to go beyond that to validate
an otherwise possibly defective claim.
The bill proposes to amend section 12 of the copyright act of March
4, 1909, by adding thereto the following:
Provided, however, That in the case of any work referred to in this section wherein
copyright has been secured by publication of the work with notice of copyright, which
by reason of its character, bulk, fragility, or because of dangerous ingredients can not be
expediently filed, the register of copyrights may determine that there shall be deposited,
in lieu of two complete copies of such work, such identifying photographs or prints,
together with such written or printed descriptions of the work as he shall find sufficient
to identify it: And provided further, That in the case of motion-picture photoplays and
motion pictures other than photoplays, whenever deposit has been made as required
by the provisions of the act of Congress (Public, Number Three hundred and three)
approved August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and twelve, and registration has
been secured thereunder, such deposit and registration shall hereafter be held to be suffi-
cient, and shall exempt the copyright proprietor from the deposit of two complete copies
of such photoplay or motion picture if it is later reproduced in copies for sale, and the
provisions of the amendatory act of August twenty-fourth, nineteen hundred and
twelve, are hereby made to apply to motion-picture photoplays and motion pictures
other than photoplays that have been reproduced in copies for sale or otherwise pub-
Among the classes of works enumerated in section 5 of the copyright
act which may have secured copyright by publication of the work with
the prescribed notice of copyright, as provided in section 9 of the act,
there are a few works which are of such character that they are not de-
208 Report of the Librarian of Congress
sired by the Library of Congress, or of which because of their bulk, or
because they are fragile or contain dangerous (inflammatory) ingre-
dients, it is not expedient that actual copies should be filed. It is
proposed that in lieu of two copies of such works the register of copy-
rights shall determine that there shall be deposited such identifying
photographs or prints, together with such written or printed descrip-
tions of the work, as he shall find sufficient in each case to identify it.
Examples of the classes of works which will be affected by the proposed
act are commercial, theatrical, circus, or other large pictorial posters;
casts of busts, statuettes, or other similar articles; relief maps; motion
In the case of motion pictures the act provides that deposit and
registration under the provisions of the act of Congress (Public, No.
303) shall be sufficient whether such motion pictures may have been
reproduced in copies for sale or otherwise published, and that the
copyright proprietor of the motion picture shall be exempt from the
deposit of two complete copies (i.e., two complete reels) of such motion
picture if it has been reproduced in copies for sale.
Motion pictures were declared subject matter of copyright by the
act of August 24, 1912. Registration of copyright motion pictures was
provided for in section n of the copyright act as amended, upon the
deposit of title and description, and of the specified prints taken from
the different sections or from each scene or act. respectively, depending
upon whether the motion picture is a photo play or otherwise. The
registration under section 1 1 , however, was for works not reproduced
for sale, and the concluding sentence of that section further provided
that "the privilege of registration of copyright secured hereunder
shall not exempt the copyright proprietor from the deposit of copies,
under sections 12 and 13 of this act, where the work is later reproduced
in copies for sale." Section 12 requires that after copyright has been
secured by publication of the work (i. e., sale or public distribution)
two complete copies of the best edition of the work must be promptly
deposited after such publication. In view of the proviso in section n
and the requirement of the deposit of two complete copies in section 12,
motion -picture proprietors have felt obliged to make deposit of two
complete reels in the case of all motion pictures which have been re-
produced in copies for sale (i. e., published). This has imposed a
burdensome obligation upon such proprietors which was not intended.
The complete reels are expensive, sometimes very expensive, and they
are practically of no greater value for the identification of the motion
picture in which copyright is claimed than the selected prints together
with the title and description required by section n to be deposited
in the case of a motion picture. The deposit of the complete reels is of
no service to the Copyright Office, and these articles are of no value to
the Library of Congress, and by reason of their inflammable character
are dangerous. Such deposit also imposes an added burden upon the
Copyright Office to no purpose. Motion-picture manufacturers have
expressed approval of the purpose and the language of the bill. It is
the opinion of the committee that it should become law.
Register of Copyrights 209
[64th Cong., ist sess. H. R. 14226. In the House of Representatives. Hill 11
April 5, 1916.]
Mr. STEPHENS, of California (by request), introduced the following bill;
which was referred to the Committee on Patents and ordered to be
A BIL,!, to amend section one, subdivision (b), of the act entitled "An act to amend
and consolidate the acts respecting copyright," approved March fourth, nineteen
hundred and nine.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled, That paragraph (b), section one,
of the act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting
copyright," approved March fourth, nineteen hundred and nine, be
amended to read as follows:
" (b) To translate the copyrighted work into other languages or dia-
lects, or make any abridgment, amplification, augmentation, adapta-
tion, or arrangement, or any other version thereof, if it be a literary
work; to dramatize it if it be a nondramatic work; to convert it into a
novel or other nondramatic work if it be a drama; to arrange or adapt
it if it be a musical work; to complete, execute, and finish it if it be a
model or design for a work of art. "
MANUSCRIPTS AND BROADSIDES
I. GIFTS, 1915-16
From the American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. :
Abraham Weatherwise 's Town and Country Almanac for 1782
with ms. diary of Jacob Cushing on interleaved pages, i v. 8.
From Frank J. Barteman, Washington, D. C.:
Scrap book of Albert Fierbaum while serving with the Eighteenth
United States Infantry at Fort Assinniboine, Mont., 186-. i v.
From Montgomery Blair, Washington, D. C.:
Decorated Civil War envelopes, unused, (n pieces.)
From Franchot H. Boyd, Washington, D. C.:
Campaign badge of the Young Men's Whig national convention
at Baltimore, 1844. On white satin.
From Harry E. Browne, Greenwich, Conn.:
Promissory note of Eleazer Williams, 1822, Aug.
From Charles M. Bruce, administrator of estate of Mrs. Charles Bruce,
Washington, D. C.:
Executive pardon to Charles Bruce for participating in the
Rebellion, 1865, July.
From the Comite du Secours national, Paris:
" Collection de 4 affiches vendues 20 francs au profit de L'Oeuvre. "
From John D. Crimmins, New York City:
Letter from Speaker James L. Orr to Joseph Hamlin, 1858, Jan.,
and typewritten copy of letter from Robert R. Livingston to
Governor William Greene, 1783, Jan.
From Mrs. J. C. Bancroft Davis, Washington, D. C.:
J. C. Bancroft Davis 's journal of the Treaty of Washington nego-
tiations, 1871 , Jan.-May . 3 v. ; Record of the Geneva Arbitration,
being 4 volumes of the diary of Judge Davis, copies of corre-
spondence, newspaper clippings, etc., 1871-72; Letterpress copy
books of the Geneva Arbitration, 3 v.; Geneva Arbitration, Let-
ters received, 1871-72, 4 v. (14 volumes in all)
From Miss Harriet F. Donaldson, West River, P. O. Anne Arundel
county, Maryland :
Admiral David D. Farragut's general order, 1862, Apr., thanking
the officers and men of the fleet for their conduct in running
the Mississippi forts below New Orleans. D. S. i p.
From Mrs. Helen Fox Engle, Washington, D. C.:
Playbill of the performance of "Our American Cousin " at Ford's
Theater, Apr. 14, 1865.
From Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, Great Barrington, Mass.:
Miscellaneous personal papers of Alexander Hamilton. (About 50
212 Report of the Librarian of Congress
From Clarence L. Hay, Washington, D. C., for Mrs. Helen Hay Whit-
ney,. Mrs. Alice Hay Wadsworth, of New York City, and for himself:
The first and second drafts of Lincoln 's Gettysburg Address and
the original of the Second Inaugural Address. (3 pieces, all in
Lincoln 's handwriting. )
From Charles Fred. Heartman, New York City:
Facsimiles of six broadside poems and one manuscript of Phillis
Wheatley, 1767-78. i v.
From Josiah Hedden, Spring Lake Beach, N. J., representing the
grandchildren of George Ashmun:
Abraham Lincoln's last writing, being a penciled card of admission
to the White House, to George Ashmun, 1865, Apr. 14. (De-
From William A. Hildebrand, Jersey City Heights, N. J.:
Facsimile miniature of theatrical program of "Our American
Cousin "at Ford's Theatre, 1865, Apr. 14, with mourning border.
From Hon. Robert Todd Lincoln, Chicago:
Reprint of John G. Nicolay's article in the Century Magazine,
Feb., 1894, " Lincoln 's Gettysburg Address. "
From Robert J. Lowry, Atlanta, Ga.:
Miscellaneous bank notes and script of State and private banks
and loan associations in Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee,
1861-64 (186 pieces); also 26 envelopes of the same period, with
Confederate post-office stamps affixed.
From Hon. George B. McClellan, Princeton, N. J.:
Additions to the McClellan papers.
From Charles F. Mclntosh, Norfolk, Va.:
Letters to George Mclntosh from Andrew Jackson, 1833, July;
from James Monroe, 1828, May, and from William Wirt, 1828,
From George C. Mann, Milton, Mass.:
Letters from Ethan Allen Hitchcock to Mrs. Horace Mann, 1862-
65 (22 pieces); Letters to Maria R. .Mann from the Freedmen's
Camp, Helena, Ark., 1863, Feb.-Apr.; Letters to Mrs. Horace
Mann from various Spanish individuals in South America, New
York, and Washington, 1865-76 (63 pieces).
From the Maryland Society of Colonial Dames for the National Society
of Colonial Dames, through Mrs. Alice Garrett, Baltimore, Md.:
Photographic prints of miscellaneous historical documents relating
to Maryland and typewritten copies of similar material. (De-
From Mrs. Robert M. Mixson, Williston, S. C.:
The Thomas Flournoy papers orderly book of Wilkinson and
Flournoy, 1812-14, orderly book of Flournoy, 1813, and mis-
cellaneous letters and documents. (About 70 pieces.)
From Charles H. Morss, West Medford, Mass. :
George Y. Bradley 's diary of the first Powell expedition through
the Grand Canyon of the Colorado, 1869, May-Aug.
Manuscripts Gijts 213
From Edward Lind Morse, Stockbridge, Mass.:
The Samuel F. B. Morse papers.
From Duane Mowry, Milwaukee, Wis.:
Miscellaneous letters to James R. Doolittle from Lord Napier, C.
M. Clay, Winfield S. Hancock, Edgar T. Welles, and others,
1858-66. (15 pieces.)
From J. Bentley Mulford, Washington, D. C.:
A card from Abraham Lincoln, 1864, Dec., introducing S. F. Head-
ley to Asst. Secy, of War Dana.
From Mrs. Fred Myers, Savannah, Ga.:
Memoirs of a Hungarian Lady (Phila., 1850), with an autograph
signed letter from the author, Theresa Pulszky.
From the Newark, N. J., Committee of One Hundred:
Poster, in colors, and poster stamps of same, of the 25oth Anni-
versary celebration of the settlement of Newark.
From Miss Helen Nicolay, Washington, D. C.:
Lincoln's autograph memorandum of Aug. 23, 1864, indorsed by
the entire Cabinet.
From Henry Olerich, Omaha, Nebr. :
Moral substitute for war Proposed cosmopolitan constitution.
From the Parliamentary recruiting committee, London:
A collection of recruiting war posters and leaflets, in color, 1915.
From P. Lee Phillips, Washington, D. C. :
Additions to the Phillips papers; account book of pew rents of the
Unitarian Church in Washington, D. C., 1839-46; Confederate
and Mexican currency, 1864 and 1914.
From Theodore J. Pickett, Washington, D. C.:
Motion made in the House of Representatives of the Confederate
States of America [n. d.]; Letter from Edmund J. Forstoll to
C. G. Memminger, 1862, Jan.; Letters to John T. Pickett from
Ben E. Green, 1876, July, and R. P. Trabue [n. d.], and from
W. J. Pickett, 1872, Sep.
From John Gilbert Reid, Shanghai, China:
One volume (Chiian, 14,131) of the Chinese Encyclopedia Yung
Loh Ta Tien. (A loan.)
From Dr. James A. Robertson, Washington, D. C. :
Apolinario Mabini's Manifesto [1904?]. Typewritten copy from
Mabini's English translation.
From George Sinclair, Oxford, Maryland:
Journal of a cruise in the U. S. S. Vincennes, 1834-42 (The Wilkes
expedition), i v. (Deposit.)
From Ramon Soler, Toa Baja, Porto Rico:
lottery tickets of the Porto Rico Lottery of 1830. (2 pieces.)
From Mrs. Charles S. Sperry, through her son, Charles S. Sperry,
Boulder, Colo. :
Papers of William Learned Marcy, 1806-57. (Deposit.)
214 Report of the Librarian of Congress
From Mrs. Alice Hay Wadsworth, New York City:
Joint donor with Mr. Clarence L. Hay and Mrs. Helen Hay Whit-
ney of Lincoln's Gettysburg and Second Inaugural Addresses.
From the War College Division of the War Department:
Orderly books of the Second Massachusetts Regiment, 1777-83.
From Mrs. Max West, Washington, D. C.:
[Max West's] Law notes on the Inheritance tax, 19 . 2 v.
From Mrs. Helen Hay Whitney, New York City:
Joint donor with Mr. Clarence L. Hay and Mrs. Alice Hay Wads-
worth of Lincoln's Gettysburg and Second Inaugural Addresses.
From Albert T. Witbeck, Brookhaven, Miss.:
Portions of 4 bills issued as money in 1862 by St. Tammany's
From Dr. Caldwell Woodruff, Hyattsville, Md.:
Letters from Thomas Tudor Tucker to John Page, 1791-1808.
From Mrs. John Russell Young, Washington, D. C.:
Autograph album of Mrs. James G. Dow (nee Vance), 1832-40,
i v., and scrap book of newspaper clippings.
II. GENERAL LIST OF ACCESSIONS, 1915-16
Confederate States of America:
Report of the sick and wounded near Pensacola, west Florida,
1861, Oct.: Motion made in the House of Representatives
[n. d.]; Bank notes and script of State and private banks and
loan associations in Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee, 1861-
1874 (186 pieces); Miscellaneous Confederate currency and en-
Orders of the Board of war, 1777, Dec.; Letter from Richard Peters
to Robert Morris, 1779, May.
Journal of J. C. Bancroft Davis of the Treaty of Washington, 1871,
Jan. -May, 3 v.; Records of the Geneva Arbitration, 1871-72
diary of J. C. Bancroft Davis, 4 v., letter press-copy books, 3 v.,
letters received, 4 v. (14 vols. in all.)
Letter from the Speaker of the House of Representatives, James L.
Orr, to Joseph Hamlin, 1858, Jan.; Additions to the House of
Representatives collection, from the office of the Clerk of the
House, from the First to the Thirty-sixth Congress.
Manuscripts A ccessions 2 1 5
Receipt for bread from Thaddeus Fitch, 1776, July; Lottery ticket
for the Continental lottery of 1776; Account book of the Commis-
sary general of prisoners of accounts of American officers, pris-
oners to the British, 1777-78. i v.; Ration account of William
Annin, 1778, Sep.; Ration account of John Chaloner, 1779, Feb.;
Letter from James Searle to John Adams and Francis Dana,
1780?; Edward Carrington's estimate of quartermaster stores to
be supplied by the state of Delaware for the southern campaign,
District of Columbia:
Minutes of the proceedings of the Commissioners of Georgetown,
1751-89; Beatty and Hawkins' addition to George town, 1758?;
Record of Bye-Laws and Ordinances, 1791-1816; Robert King's
survey note-book of Washington streets, 1793-95 ; Plats of squares
with numerous ms. statistics by John Sessford; A volume of city
statistics by John Sessford, 1801-57; Petition to Congress, 1811,
Jan. 4; Minutes of the Levy court, 1835-47; Assessment and
condemnation record of land on the Chesapeake and Ohio canal,
1865-67; Canal and sewerage scrap book, record of transactions
with Robert Peter and miscellaneous papers; Surveys and note
books of sundry surveys in the western part of the District of
Columbia, Rock Creek, Georgetown, and Prince George county,
Maryland, 4 v.
New Orleans tax receipt, 1840, Apr.; Portions of 4 bills issued by
the Parish of St. Tammany as money, 1862.
Jeremiah Page's receipt for rum, 1763, Feb.; Commissary's receipt
for provisions furnished by the town of Westford, 1787, Jan.
John Oakley's resurvey of Pleasant Plains, 1791; Scrap-book of
newspaper clippings relating to Maryland history; Photographic
and typewritten copies of historical documents relating to the
history of Maryland.
Stiles, Hezekiah and Ebenezer Blackley, jr. Bill of complaint,
by their attorney against Samuel Lewis, 1790; Tickets of the
Paterson lottery of the Society for establishing useful manufac-
tures, 1796 (3 pieces); Clinton manufacturing company, Inden-
ture of land transfer, 1838, May.
Indictment of John Davis for passing counterfeit bills of credit of
the colony of New Jersey, 1766, Apr.; Narrative of John Law-
rence, as attorney, in case in trespass before the Mayor's court,
New York City, Waldron vs. Horsen, 1784; United States Citi-
zenship certificate granted by the New York Supreme court,
64394 16 15
216 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Indictment by the grand jury of Chester county, 1775, Nov.;
License certificate for a Philadelphia merchant, 1778, Nov.
South Carolina and Georgia:
Miscellaneous papers, land grants, indentures, Confederate bonds,
fire insurance policies, etc.
Cruikshank, R. Letter-book and Day-book, 1827-31.
Fairfax estate. Executor's account with the estate of Thomas,
Ix>rd Fairfax, 1781-98.
Falls Bridge and Turnpike company and Georgetown & Leesburg
Turnpike company, Day-book, 1816-36 and Day-book of the
Falls Bridge Turnpike company, 1836-52.
Gray, Samuel. Memorandum -account book, 1746-54.
Nicholas, Robert Carter. Miscellaneous papers, accounts, receipts,
etc., of the settlement of the estate of Lord Botetourt, 1768-71.
Smith, Huie, Alexander & company. Ledger and Day-book,
Abraham Weatherwise 's Town and Country almanack for 1782,
with ms. diary of Jacob Cushing on interleaved pages.
America, British Colonies in :
Transcripts of correspondence between the British and Spanish
authorities relative to controversies and other matters regarding
the colonies in America and the West Indies. Contemporary
official copies, 1722-1739. 6 v.
Spanish Colonies in :
Additions to the Schuller collection on the native languages
of South America, bibliographical lists, notes, annotations, etc.,
cartographical lists, and sundry copies of maps.
Autograph album :
Mrs. James G. Dow (nee Vance). 1832-40.
One volume (Chuan, 14,131) of the Chinese Encyclopedia Yung
Loh Ta Tien. (Loan.)
Miscellaneous log books of various vessels of the British Navy,
1808-1840, 6 1 vessels, 360 volumes; Record of the Court of Sal-
ford, various briefs, 1865-1867.
Journals and Diaries:
Beauregard, Pierre G. T. 1847, Jan.-Sept.
Bradley, George Y. First Powell expedition through the Grand
Canyon of the Colorado, 1869, May- Aug.
Fierbaum, Albert. Memorandum and scrap-book while serving
with the Eighteenth United States Infantry at Fort Assinni-
boine, Mont., 186-.
Lever, Charles. Voyage to rescue Dr. Kane's Arctic expedition,
Manuscripts .4 ccessions 217
Journals and Diaries Continued.
Malsburg, Friedrich Wilhelm von der. Diary in America, 1776.
Nisqually House. Journal of occurrences, 1833-59. (Photostat
Rush, Richard. Diary, 1821, Jan. -June.
Wilkes expedition. Journal of a cruise in the U. S. S. Vincennes,
Mexico and Central America:
Miscellaneous material on Indian languages, chronicles, etc.:
Francisco de Alvarado. Vocabulario en lengua Misteca, 1593,
recent copy. Guatemala. Calendario de los Indios, 1685
(Barendt copy and photo, reproduction). Avedano chronicle;
deals with Itzas-Cehaches of Yucatan and has a map of the
Peten-Itza region, 1695-6 (Photo, reproduction). Pedro Bel-
tran. Declaracion de la doctrina Christiana en el idioma Yuca-
teco, 1746 (Photo, reproduction of Yucatan imprint). Arte
Divocionario and vocabulary of the Cholti language, 1689-95
(Photo, reproduction of ms.). Juan Coronel. Discursos predi-
cables con otras diversas materias espirituales con la doctrina
cristiana, etc. 1620 (Photo, reproduction of ms.). Thomas Coto.
Vocabulario de la lengua Cakchiquel y Guatemateca, etc. (Photo,
reproduction). Doctrina y Confessionario en lengua Ixil, 1824
(Photo, reproduction of ms.). Notes and extracts of Maya chro-
nology from the Brinton collection (Photo, reproduction).
Maya language, Algunes apuntes sobre la historia antigua de
Yucatan (Photo, reproduction). Maya language, Collection de
Platicas doctrinales y sermones, 1868 (Photo, reproduction of
ms. ) . Vocabulario Maya y Espanol (The Maya-Motul dictionary)
(Photo, reproduction of the original in the American Philosoph-
ical Society). Libro de Judio. Collection of folk-lore, medicine,
and sooth-sayings of Yucatan Indians (Photo, reproduction of
ms. of 1797-1802). Noticias de la Provincia de Oaxaca .
Francisco Moran. Arte en lengua Cholti, 1645 (Photo, reproduc-
tion of ms.). Vocabulario en lengua Cholti (Photo, reproduc-
tion. Nakuk-Pech Chronica, in Maya language (Photo, reproduc-
tion). Antonio de Remesal. Indice biografico por orden alfa-
betica dt los nombres, etc. [1850?]. In ms. of Jose Fernandez
Ramirez. Joaquin Ruz. Gramatica Yucateca (Photo, repro-
duction of Yucatan imprint of 1844). Jose Antonio Sanchez de
Luque. Arte Novissima de Lengua Mexicana dispuesto, 1779.
Paul Wilkinson. Material for a bibliography of the Maya
Indians of Yucatan. Francisco Ximenez. Empiezan la his-
toria del origen de los Indios de esta provincia de Guatemala
(Photo, reproduction). Arte de las tres lenguas Kakchiquel,
Quiche y Tzutuhil (Photo, reproduction). Xiu Family record,
xvi-xix centuries (Photo, reproduction).
Tlaxcala Province: Miscellaneous orders, correspondence, etc.,
relating to Tlaxcala, 1788-94. (In Spanish, i v.)
One peso notes of the state of Chihuahua, 1914. (2 pieces.)
2 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress
1777-83, Second Massachusetts Regiment, 24 v.
1812-14, James Wilkinson and Thomas Flournoy.
1813, May-No v., Thomas Flournoy.
1814-15, Northern Army of the United States at Plattsburg and
Apolinario Mabini. Manifesto [1904?]. Typewritten copy from
Mabini's English translation.
Account book of pew rents in the Unitarian Church at Washington,
D. C., 1839-46.
Book of mathematical exercises.
Letters from John W. Pittman to John B. Williams relating to the
purchase and marketing of slaves, 1835-37. ( 6 pieces.)
Lottery tickets of the Porto Rico lottery of 1830 (2 pieces); Letter
book of James Redpath, general agent of emigration to Hayti,
Argenteau papers. Additions.
Beauregard, Pierre G. T. Letter, order, despatch books, etc., 1844-83.
5 1 v.
Benton, Thomas H. Letter to ?, 1844, Mar.
Bruce, Charles. Executive pardon for participation in the Rebellion,
Buchanan, James. Letter to Henry A. Wise, 1852, Apr.
Butler, Pierce. Letter to Elbridge Gerry, 1788, Mar.
Calhoun, John C. Letter to Prof. Henry Vethake, 1838, Oct.
Carroll, Daniel "of Duddington." Letter book and miscellaneous
Clay, Henry. Letter to Edmund W. Rootes, 1818, Nov.; letter to
Nicholas Biddle, 1823, Feb.; letter to E. C. Wines, 1835, Feb.
Dickinson, John. Letters to Thomas Jefferson, 1801-3. (8 pieces.)
Duane, William. Letters to Joel Barlow and Fulwar Skipwith, 1801,
Jan., and to Joseph Reed, 1827, Aug.
Farragut, David G. General order thanking officers and men of the
fleet under him, 1862, Apr.
Flournoy, Thomas. Miscellaneous papers, 1812-20. (About 70 pieces.)
Forstoll, Edmund J. Letter to C. G. Memminger, 1862, Jan.
Gaines, Edmund Pendleton. Letter to Governor Andrew B. Roman,
Granger, Gideon. Letter to Erastus Granger, 1814, Dec.
Green, Ben E. Letter to John T. Pickett, 1876, July.
Grosvenor, Thomas P. Letter to his uncle, 1813, Feb.
Hamilton, Alexander. Legal papers and account books and miscella-
neous personal papers. (About 1,250 pieces*)
Manuscripts A ccessions 219
Hardie, James A. Papers, 1844-86. (About 345 pieces.)
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen. Letters to Mrs. Horace Mann, 1862-65. (22
Jackson, Andrew. Letter to George Mclntosh, 1833, July; letter to
?, 1817, Dec.
Jesup, Thomas S. Letter to Governor W. C. C. Claiborne, 1816, Aug.
Jones, Roger. Letter to Col. Duncan L. Clinch?, 1829, Mar.
Julian, George W. Letter to E. A. Stansbury, 1855, Sep.
Kendall, Amos. Letters to Thomas M. Clark, 1846-47. (.13 pieces.)
Key, Philip Barton. Letter to Ephraim K. Wilson, 1800, Oct.
L'Enfant, Pierre Charles. Miscellaneous, memoranda relating to, col-
lected by Hugh Taggart.
Lincoln, Abraham. First and second autograph drafts of the Gettys-
burg Address; autograph draft of the Second Inaugural address; card
of introduction to S. F. Headley, 1864, Dec. ; card of admission to the
White House to George Ashmun, 1865, Apr. 14, the last writing of
Abraham Lincoln; Reprint of John G. Nicolay's article in "The
Century magazine" "Lincoln's Gettysburg Address."
Livingston, Robert R. Letter to Governor William Greene, 1783, Jan.
McClellan, George B. Additions to the McClellan papers.
Macomb, Alexander. Letter to Nathan Morse, 1831, Oct.
Madison, James. Preface to Memoir of Thomas Jefferson [n. d.].
Mann, Maria R. Letters to her from the Freedman's Camp at Helena,
Arkansas, 1863, Feb. -Apr.
Mann, Mary (Mrs. JHorace Mann). Letters from various Spanish indi-
viduals in South America, New York, and Washington, 1865-76.
Marcy, William Learned. Papers, 1806-57. (About 5,000 pieces.)
Marshall, John. Letters to Bushrod Washington, 1819-27. (9 pieces.)
Mazzie, Philip. Letter to John Page, 1776, June.
Monroe, James. Letter to George Mclntosh, 1828, May.
Morse, Samuel F. B. Papers.
Peale, Rembrandt. Letter to Bushrod Washington, 1824, Jan.
Phillips, Philip and William Hallett. Letter books, 1858-97 (26 v.);
Additions to the Phillips papers; miscellaneous letters, 1862-64 ( JI
Pickett, W. J. Letter to John T. Pickett, 1872, Sep.
Pulszky, Theresa. Memoirs of an Hungarian Lady (Phila., 1850) with
an autograph signed letter enclosed therein.
Quigley, Thomas. Bill of sale of one eighth portion of a prize brigan-
tine, 1782, Sep.
Rush, Richard. Opinion on transfer of Cuba to England, 1823.
Schuyler, Philip. Memorandum book, 1776-79, i v.; Miscellaneous
letters, 1783-98 (12 pieces).
Scott, Gustavus. Letters to John Nicholason, 1797, Apr.
Shippen, William. Account against Edward Shippen for medicine and
medical attention, 1752-65.
Stoddert, Benjamin. Letter to John Templeman, 1799, July-
22O Report of the Librarian of Congress
Stoughton, Edwin H. Letter to Schuyler Colfax, 1876, Nov.
Sumter, Thomas. Papers, 1761-1832 (2 v.).
Swan, Robert. Sale catalogue of books.
Taggart, Hugh T. Miscellaneous papers.
Ten Eyck, Jacob S. Indenture of land transfer, 1793, Aug.
Trabue, R. P. Letter to John T. Pickett [n. d.]. -
Tucker, Thomas Tudor. Letters to John Page, 1791-1808 (38 pieces).
Washington, Henry. Indenture of royal land grant for the benefit of
the four daughters of Col. Henry Washington, 1674, May.
West, Max. Law notes on the inheritance tax [19-?].
Wilkinson, James. Letters and miscellaneous papers, 1796-1806 (i v.).
Williams, Eleazer. Promissory note, 1822, Aug.
Winder, William H. Letter to Henry B. Dawson, 1860, Mar.
Wirt, William. Letter to George Mclntosh, 1828, Nov.; Letters to
Lawrence Washington, 1845, Aug.-Nov. (5 pieces).
Wise, Henry A. Letters to George W. Mumford, 1855, Aug.-Dec. (3
W'olcott, Roger. Photostat prints of Wolcott letters in the Massachu-
setts historical society, 1750-54.
Youle, Amelia and others. Indenture of land transfer, 1822, Feb.
Youle, John and others. Indenture of land transfer, 1825, Feb.
Ik-aurcgard, Pierre G. T. Announcement of his assumption of
command of the military division of the West, 1864, Oct.
Resolve of the General Assembly, 1773, Oct.; Address of the Gen-
eral Assembly, 1789, Oct.
Confederate States of America :
Address of President Davis to the People of the free States, 1863,
" Collection de 4 Affiches vendues 20 francs au profit de L'Oeuvre. "
Address of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in
the Confederate states, held at Augusta, Ga., 1861, Dec.
London imprint of 1782 of the Magna Carta; Recruiting posters,
leaflets, etc., in color, issued by the Parliamentary recruiting com-
Chicago Prices current, 1855, Dec.
Gower's Land agency advertisement, 1855.
John de Neufville & Sons, circular letter to the merchants of the
United States with list of prices current in Amsterdam, 1783,
Feb.; Particulars of affairs at New Orleans, 1862, Apr.
Manuscripts A ccessio ns 221
Meeting of conservative Republicans at Augusta, 1841, Jan.
The Closet Companion or an help to serious persons in the impor-
tantdutyof self-examination ; To all the- di-rtnrsof Massa-
chusetts of whatsoever political party they may be, Boston,
1808, Mar.; Boston and Albany merchandise transportation
rates, 1844, Apr. ; Miscellaneous photostat prints of Colonial and
Revolutionary broadsides from the collections of the Massachu-
setts historical society.
Gen. Earl Van Dorn's plan for organizing a Confederate regiment
or brigade, [1862, May]; Braxton Bragg's Address to the Army
of the Mississippi, 1862, May; Gen. Richard Taylor's general
orders announcing his surrender to Gen. Canby, 1865, May.
Henry Olerich's Moral substitute for war Proposed cosmopolitan
New Hampshire :
Blodget, Samuel. Advertisement of the sale of his farm at Derry-
field, 1806, Dec.
To the electors of Middlesex County, 1793, Feb.; Address to the
Young Men of Essex county, 1827, Dec.; Poster and poster-
stamps, in color, of the 25oth anniversary celebration of the
founding of Newark, 1916.
Abolition meeting, 1837; Anti-Slavery society convention,Dutchess
County, 1837; Lecture by Thomas Austin at Po'keepsie, 1840;
Andrew Jackson Allen, Invitation to birthday celebration of
the birth of William Shakespeare, 1843, Apr.; Subscription
blank for the "New York Reveille," 184-?; Cornelius Vander-
bilt's Memorial to Congress for award of contract to carry the
mails to San Francisco, 1852, Jan.; Masons, Lafayette Lodge,
Annual ball, 1852, Nov.; Mass meeting .to be held in Union
Square Loyal National League [1864, Apr.]; Miscellaneous
broadsides issued in Herkimer county respecting the draft and
filling the county's quota of troops, 1864-65 (9 pieces).
Appeal of Gen. Beauregard to obstruct the roads to impede the
advance of the enemy, 1865, Feb.
Legislative act to incorporate the Castalia Manufacturing Company,
1847, Feb.; Eighth annual report of the Medina County Mutual
Fire Insurance Co. and notice of an assessment, 1849, with a list
of losses; Castalia Manufacturing Co., Blank coupon bond for
$500, 1850; Hahnemannian Life Insurance Co., advertisement,
Cleveland, 1854; National Union Association. To the Citizens
of Ohio .
12 1 Report of the Librarian of Congress
Council of Safety To the Freemen of the City and Liberties of
Philadelphia, 1776, Nov.; Articles of Privateer agreement, 177-;
Meteorological observations for the month of January, 1787;
Mathew Carey, Prospectus of Family Bible, 1801, Nov.; Reso-
lutions of synodical meeting of German Lutheran ministers,
1805, June 12; William Tilghman's opinion in case of Charles
Lockington, 1813, Nov.; Epitaph on the Constitution, 1832,
Feb.; The Election of McClellan ; "Three specimens of
the same thing" .
Charleston mulattoes to Thomas J. Gantt, Esq. ; Hatch,
L. M. To the officers and men of the Coast Rangers [1862?];
Trowbridge, C. T. Farewell orders to the 33d U. S. Colored
troops, 1866, Feb.
"Cornwallis's Surrender" [1783?]; "The Sailor Boy" [1783?];
Miscellaneous broadside songs issued during the period of the
Civil War (23 pieces).
Southern Convention, 1850, Nov.
Ford's Theatre, April 14, 1865, "Our American Cousin"; also a
facsimile miniature of similar bill, with a mourning border;
Ohio playbill, an allegory and tableau, "The Great Rebellion,"
186-; Miscellaneous playbills of theatres in Baltimore, Nash-
ville, Washington, D. C., and elsewhere, 1861-71. (About 135
Campaign badge of Young Men's Whig National Convention at
Baltimore, 1844 (On white satin); "White Slavery" [1856?]; "To
the Legislators" [n. d.].
Resolves of the House of Delegates, 1796, Dec.; Thomas H. Boyles.
To the Governors and executive councils of Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, etc., etc., and the President of the
Confederate States of America, 1861, Oct.; "To the Citizens of
Richmond: By command of the Secretary of War and by order
of the Governor of Virginia," 1863, June.
Washington, D. C.:
Congressional Union Committee "A Traitor's Peace," 1863, Oct.
Facsimiles of six broadside poems and one manuscript of Phillis
Wheatley, 1767-78; Photostat prints of miscellaneous broadsides
of various States fron the originals in the Massachusetts Historical
Society, 1689-1823 (60 pieces).
Manuscripts List of Transcripts
III. LIST OF TRANSCRIPTS FROM MANUSCRIPTS
IN THE BRITISH MUSEUM; THE PUBLIC RECORD
OFFICE AND THE FULHAM AND LAMBETH
Selections from the following volumes
Newcastle Papers: Official correspondence of Thomas Pelham
Holies, Duke of Newcastle.
32744 Vol. LIX. 24 July-Dec. 1725.
32745 Vol. LX. Jan..
[32746 contains no papers relating to the colonies.]
32747 Vol. LXII. 14 July-Sept. 1726.
32748 Vol. LXIII. Oct.-Dec. 1726.
32749 Vol. LXIV. Jan.-Mar., 1727.
Vol. LXVII. 15 Sept.-g Nov., 1727.
Vol. LXVIII. ii Nov.-Dec., 1727.
Vol. LXIX. Jan.-i5 Mar., 1728.
Vol. LXX. 15 Mar .-14 May, 1728.
3 2 754
Vol. LXXI. 16 May-June, 1728.
Vol. LXXII. July-August, 1728.
32943 Vol. CCLVIII. 1-23 Oct., 1762.
32944 Vol. CCLIX. 24 Oct.-i2 Nov., 1762.
32945 Vol. CCLX. 14 Nov.-Dec., 1762.
32946 Vol. CCLXI. Jan.-H Feb., 1763.
32947 Vol. CCLXII. 15 Feb.-March, 1763.
32948 Vol. CCLXIII. Apr.-May, 1763.
32949 Vol. CCLXIV. June-July, 1763.
32950 Vol. CCLXV. Aug.-io Sept., 1763.
32951 Vol. CCLXVI. ii Sept.-i5 Oct., 1763.
[32952 and 32953, no American material found.]
32954 Vol. CCLXIX. 16-31 Dec., 1763.
32955 Vol. CCLXX. Jan.-is Feb., 1764.
32956 Vol. CCLXXI. 16 Feb. -i 2 March, 1764.
32957 Vol. CCLXXI I. 13 March-4 April, 1764.
32958 Vol. CCLXXIII. 5 April-2o May, 1764.
32959 Vol. CCLXXI V. 2iMay-2oJune, 1764.
32960 Vol. CCLXXV. 21 June-July, 1764.
32961 Vol. CCLXXVI. August, 1764.
32962 Vol. CCLXXVII. Sept.- 20 Oct., 1764.
32963 Vol. CCLXXVIII. 21 Oct.-is Nov., 1764.
[32964 no American material.]
32966 Vol. CCLXXXI. March-May, 1765.
32967 Vol. CCLXXXI I. June-is July, 1765.
32968 Vol. CCLXXXIII. 16 July- 9 August,
224 Report of the Librarian of Congresj
BRITISH MUSEUM Continued
Additional manuscripts Continued
32969 Vol. CCLXXXIV. 10 August-2o Sept., 1765.
32970 Vol. CCLXXXV. 21 Sept.-2oOct., 1765.
32971 Vol. CCLXXXVI. 21 Oct.-i 9 Nov., 1765.
32972 Vol. CCLXXXVI I. 2oNov.-Dec., 1765.
32973 Vol. CCLXXXVIII. Jan.-i 4 Feb., 1766.
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE:
Colonial Office, Class 5
Vol. 761, [old A. W. I. 173]
pp. 459-466. [1772, October 23, cov. let.]
State of the claim of Massachusetts Bay to the
country between the Rivers Kennebeck and St.
Vol. 1330, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 27]
Contains correspondence, etc., dated from 1760 to
Vol. 1331, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 27]
Volume marked: Virginia, Bundle 2. Feb. i3th,
1765, to Oct. 5, 1767. (Actually begins \vith a
letter dated Dec. 24, 1764.)
Vol. 1332, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 29]
Correspondence, etc., 1767-1770.
Vol. 1333, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 30]
Correspondence, etc., 1770-1772.
Vol. 1334, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 31]
Correspondence, etc., 1769-1781. (Marked as being
from 1772 to 1781.)
Vol. j 3 45, [old A. W. I. 205]
Volume lettered: Virginia, from 1762 to 1767.
Vol. 1346, [old A. W. I. 206]
Volume lettered: Virginia, 1768. (Begins \vith letter
dated Nov. 24, 1767.)
Vol. 1347, [old A. W. I. 207]
Volume lettered: Virginia, 1769. (First letter dated
November 5, 1768.)
Vol. 1348, [old A. W. I. 208]
Volume lettered: Virginia, 1770. (First letter dated
November 15, 1769.)
Vol. 1349, [old A. W. I. 209]
Volume lettered: Virginia, 1771.
Vol. 1350, [old A. W. I. 210]
Volume lettered : Virginia, 1772.
Vol. 1351, [old A. W. I. 211]
Volume lettered: Virginia, 1773. (First letter dated
November 16, 1772.)
Vol. 1352, [old A. W. I. 212]
Volume lettered : Virginia, 1774.
Manuscripts List of Transcripts 225
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued
Audit Office: Declared Accounts
Customs (Receivers General and Cashiers, Various).
Bundle 821, Roll 1071, to Bundle 829, Roll 1086.
4th instalment and end; January 5, 1766, to January
Selected items relating to the Plantations.
War Office: Class i. (Correspondence with Officers in America.)
Vol. i, [old Volume n]
Volume lettered: North America Various, 175610 1763.
Vol. 2, [old Volume 12]
1773-1776. Gage. Howe, etc.
Vol. 4, [old Volume 14]
1756-1757. Selected folios: 65, 181, 289-291, 381-500,
507. (Mainly correspondence of William Shirley,
including some bearing on his controversy w r ith
Loudoun. Most of the Shirley letters in the volume
duplicate with those in C. O. 5, 46 and 47. Only
those not already copied are given here.)
Vol. $, Volume lettered: North American Correspondence,
1758 to 1764. (Chiefly correspondence of Sir
Vol. 7, [old Volume 17]
1766. Correspondence of General Gage.
Vol. 8, [old Volume 18]
Jan., i767~June, 1769. Correspondence of General
Vol. 9, [old Volume 19].
July, 1769, to Dec.. 1774 [includes some earlier
papers]. Correspondence of General Gage.
Vol. 10, [old Volume 20].
Aug., 1776, to Oct., 1780. Correspondence of Gen-
erals Howe and Clinton.
Vol. n, [old Volume 21].
Volume lettered: Quebec and Canada, Carleton,
Haldimand, etc. From 1776 to 1780. (Chiefly
correspondence of Generals Sir Guy Carleton and
Frederick Haldimand, but includes letters and
memorials of a number of others. )
Vol. 12, [old volume 23].
Volume lettered: Sr. Hen? Clinton & Sr. Guy Carle-
ton & other Miscellany. From Jan., 1781 to 1782.
Vol. 13, [old Volume 24].
Volume lettered: Sr. G. Carleton. No. 5 to No. 66.
Sept., 1782, to Nov., 1783.
State Papers Domestic, Elizabeth:
226 Report of the Librarian of Congress
PUBLIC RECORD OFFICE Continued
War Office: Class i Continued
Vol. 118, No. 12. 1577, November 6.
Discourses (2) how his Majestic may annoy the King
of Spayne. [Supposed by Sir Humphrey Gilbert.]
State Papers Domestic, George III: Correspondence
Vol. i, 1760-1761.
Vol. 2, 1763.
Vol. 3, 1764-1765.
Vol. 4, 1765-
Vol. 5, 1766.
Vol. 6, 1767.
Vol. 7, 1769-1770.
Vol. 8, 1771.
Vol. 9, 1772.
Vol. 10, 1773-1774.
Vol. ii, 1775-1776. (Most of these were, at one time, in
bundles 2, 83, 88, or 89.)
Vol. 12, 1777-1778. (Some of these were, at one time, in
bundles No. 2 and No. 90.)
Vol. 13, 1779.
Vol. 14, 1779-1780.
Vol. 15, 1781-1782. (Some of these were, at one time, in
bundles numbered 18, 96, 97, and 98.)
Home Office, Class 42 Original correspondence, George III.
(Continuation of State Papers Domestic, Geo. Ill)
Vol. i, 1782. (This bundle includes papers at one time clas-
sified as State Papers, Dom. Geo. Ill, 98 arid 99.)
Vol. 2, 1783 first part. (Includes papers formerly in State
Papers Dom. Geo. Ill, 99 and 100.)
Vol. 3, 1783 second part. (Includes papers formerly in
State Papers Dom. Geo. Ill, 99 and 100.)
FULHAM PALACE MANUSCRIPTS :
Archives of the Bishop of London
[Chiefly letters to the Bishop of London, from clergymen and
leading members of the Church of England in the colo-
nies, together with memorials, petitions, and miscel-
laneous papers, treating of religious affairs. The docu-
ments in each box are numbered, but not in chronological
order. The dates for each colony range from 1710 to 1770
(about); except that in the Connecticut box there is
nothing of consequence earlier than 1724, and in Mary-
land, Virginia, and South Carolina there are a few docu-
ments of earlier date than 1710.]
Partially listed in Andrews and Davenport's Guide, pp.
Massachusetts. Box II.
Connecticut. One box.
Maryland. One box.
Manuscripts List of Transcripts 227
FULHAM PALACE MANUSCRIPTS Continued
Archives of the Bishop of London Continued
Virginia. Box III. '
South Carolina. One box.
North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. One box.
Leeward Islands. One box. [Ther,e is a list of the docunu nts
at the beginning of this volume 173 items in all nearly
all being dated in the i8th century; but there are two docu-
ments of the i yth century, and several of the lyth.J
LAMBETH PALACE MANUSCRIPTS:
The Library of the London residence of the Archbishop of Can-
250. Voyages and discoveries, 1595-1613. Selected folios.
494. folios 470-479. Richard Whitbourne to Lord Carew.
Material points relating to Newfoundland.
645. No. 45: Duke of York to Charles II; Portsmouth, 15
711. No. 16: Account of Porto Rico.
No. 17: Letter from several Indians, Boston, July 21, 1710,
to Archbishop Tenison, thanking him and the
Society for kindness to them when in Britain.
No. 18: Bishop of London's Paper about a Suffragan for
America; December, 1707 (or 1747?).
930. No. 24: Lord Somers to Archbishop Tenison, May 30,
933. Volume lettered: Gibson papers, Vol. 5.
No. 91: Proposition for obtaining some acquisition from
the Spaniards in the West Indies and the Isth-
mus of Darien, "there being a war declared
against France and Spain." n. d.
No. 92: Method proposed for execution of the aforesaid
design, n. d.
937. Volume lettered: Gibson papers, Vol. 9.
No. 20: An abstract of Mr. Cordiner's Journal.
941. No. 4: Minutes of the Society for the Propagation of the
Gospel in Foreign Parts. June 19, 1704.
No. 9: Letter to Archbishop Tenison from James Blair,
Williamsburgh, Virginia, Sept. 2, 1706.
No. 16: Address to the Bishop of London from Episco-
palians in Connecticut, complaining of ill-
treatment from Dissenters; April i, 1707. [As
this is printed in Hawks and Perry, only the
variations from the printed copy are noted
No. 24: Letter from Col. Francis Nicholson to Archbishop
Tenison, May 22, 1710.
No. 39: Queen Anne to Archbishop Tenison, asking for a
collection in the City of London and elsewhere
for the Society for Propagating the Gospel in
Foreign Parts, May 18, 1714.
228 Report of the Librarian of Congress
LAMBETH PALACE MANUSCRIPTS Continued
The Library of the London residence of the Archbishop of Can-
terbury Contin ue d
941. No. 71: "The Memorial of Thomas Bray, D. D., Relating
to the Libraries sent into America. " 1704.
No. 72: "ADraught of a Bill for converting the Negros,
etc., in the Plantations."
No. 73: Missionaries' library, etc., Approved by the So-
ciety, 15 March, 1705.
942. No. 45: "Extract from the Journalls of Virginia and
Maryland, showing how acceptable Coll: Fran-
cis Nicholson hath been and is to those Govern-
No. 48: Manuscript copy of the Charter of William and
Mary College, with some remarks on it. Dated
8 Feb. 4 Win. and Mary. [The Charter is not
here transcribed. For the remarks see No. 49.]
No. 49: Remarks from [on] the charter of William and
Mary College in Virginia.
No. 50: Paper beginning "Sr. E. Andr. [os] is an enemy
to the College of W. & M. in Virga., as appears
by" [12 reasons enumerated], n. d.
No. 82: Memorial of Geo. Everett, Shipwright, on the
Navy Board's report; addressed to the Lords
of the Counsell, Feb. 25, 1694/5.
No. 98: Letter to Archbishop Tenison from the Maryland
Assembly, May 22.
No. 149: Letter to Archbishop Tenison from church war-
dens and vestry of Trinity Church, New York,
May 22, 1699, concerning the enmity of the
then governor to the church . [This document
is printed in O'Callaghan's Documents re-
lating to the Colonial History of New York,
and is not transcribed here, only the varia-
tions from the printed copy being" noted.]
952. No. 24: Address in behalf of Mr. Honeyman, of Rhode
Island, n. d. [Probably between 1706 and
953. No. 24: Council and Burgesses of Maryland to the Bishop
of Lincoln, Oct. 18, 1694. [This document is
printed in Perry's Collections, Maryland, p. i,
and is not here transcribed, only the variations
from the printed copy being noted.]
No. 65: William Blathwayt to Archbishop Tenison, con-
cerning Dr. Bray, Sept. i/n, 1699.
No. 103: John Chamberlayne to Archbishop Tenison,
August i, 1713.
Accessions, 1915-16 19-21
Documents, statistics 5 2 ~53
Law library, statistics 56
Manuscripts, list of 2 14-222
Maps and charts, statistics .- 61-62
Music, statistics 70
Periodicals, statistics 80
Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 19-20
Prints, statistics 85
American antiquarian society, gift 211
American newspapers, noteworthy accessions 81-84
Americana, noteworthy accessions 36-38
Appropriation acts, 1916-17 171-175
Appropriations, 1915-1917 11-13
Appropriations and expenditures, 191516 (tables) 167169
Appropriations and expenditures, 1915-1917 (tables) 158
Art and architecture, noteworthy accessions 86-88
Barteman, Frank J., gift. 211
Beauregard, Pierre G. T., papers - 46-47
Bequests to the Library of Congress, form 4
Bibliography, Division of, report of 119-123
Publications 112-113, 123
Typewritten lists 120-123
Biglow & Main co., gift * 75~76
Bill drafting 141
Blair, Montgomery, gift 211
Blind, Reading room for the 126-129
Books, purchases 2 3~39
Borchard, Edwin M 10
Botanic Garden, appropriations and expenditures 158
Boyd, Franchot H. , gift 211
Broadsides, accessions 220-222
Browne, Harry E., gift 211
Bruce, Charles M., gift 211
Bruncken, Ernest 9
Building and grounds, report of the Superintendent 153-164
Cadman, Charles W., gift 74
Card Division, report of 105-1 10
Cards, sale of , 105
Card Division, Cards, stock of 105-106, 108-109
Stack, expenditures 157
Catalogue Division, report of 96-99
Collective cataloguing 97
Publications 98, 111-112
Catalogue of the John Boyd Thacher collection of Incunabula . 1 1 5-1 19
Cataloguing, statistics 96
Chelminski, Jan V., gift 21
Chinese literature, purchases 24-31
Classifying and cataloguing 94~95
Church, John, co. , gift 75
Classification 99~ I0 5
Printed schedules 101
Comite du Secours national, Paris, gift 211
Commendations of publications 1 13-1 19
Contents of the library, statistics 19-20
Contingent expenses (table) 169
Copyright legislation, 1915-16 185-195, 203-209
Copyright legislation and international copyright relations. . . . 185-196
Copyright Office, report of 177-209
Articles deposited, 1915-16 16, 179
Articles deposited, 1913-1916 (tables) 202
Branch office, Panama- Pacific exposition 18-19, 184-185
Bulletins and circulars 181
Business (monthly comparison), 1915-16 (tables) 197-200
Business prior to July i, 1897 18, 184
Catalogue of copyright dramas, 1870-1915 182
Catalogue of copyright entries 181
Circulars f. '. 182
Copyright bills and reports 203-209
Correspondence, statistics 16, 183
Current business 17-18
Current work 183-184
Deposits, return of 180
Value of 178
Elimination of copyright deposits 18, 180
Expenditures 16, 178
Fees, etc . 16, 177, 178
Fees, 1915-16 (tables) . 198-199
Index cards 181
Receipts 16, 177, 178
Receipts, 1915-16 (tables) i97> 200
Registrations, 1910-1916 (tables) 201
Salaries 17, 178
Statistics, 1915-16 16, 197-202
Statistics, 1897-1916 (tables) 197-202
Summary of business 182-183
Transfer of copyright deposits 18, 40-41, 179-180
Crimmins, John D., gift 211
Crisfield, Arthur 10, 185
Barley, Mrs. F. O. C., gift 86
Davis, Mrs. John Chandler Bancroft, gift 44~45, 211
Davis, John Chandler Bancroft, papers 44~45, 211
Documents, Division of, report of 52-56
Accessions, statistics 52-53
Documents, foreign 54~55
Want lists! 53
International exchange 55
Latin-American documents 54~55
Noteworthy accessions 35~36
State documents, monthly list 55
Donaldson, Miss Harriet F. , gift 211
East Asiatic collection 2 3~35
Engle, Mrs. Helen -Fox, gift 211
Prints. ..." 89-91
Expenditures, appropriations and, 1915-16 (tables) 167-169
Expenditures, appropriations and, 1915-1917 (tables) '. 158
Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc I 55~ I 57
Federal Statutes; index 139-140
Fine arts, noteworthy accessions 86-87
Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4
Foster catalogue of first editions 119
French transcripts 51
Fuel, lights, etc., expenditures I 55~ I 57
Fung, Dr. King Kwai 31, 94, 95
Funk and Wagnalls company, gift 23
Furniture, screens, etc 157
Garrison, Dr. Fielding H., gift 74
Gift or bequest to the Library of Congress, form 4
Gifts . 21-23
Chinese books 34~35
Hindi books 22-23
64394 16 1C
Gifts, Japanese books 35
Manuscripts 42-5 1
Manuscripts, 1915-16, list of 211-214
Gregory, Miss Julia 9, 98-99
Guide to the law of Spain 60-61, 113-115
Guides to foreign law 61
Guptee, Shiva Prasad, gift 22-23
Hamilton, Alexander, papers 42-43, 211
Hamilton, Dr. Allan McLane, gift 42-43, 74, 211
Harvard university fellowship 61
Hay, Clarence L., gift 47, 48, 212
Hayes, Col. Webb C., gift 86
Heartman, Charles Fred., gift 212
Hebraica collection 9 I- 93
Hedden, Josiah, deposit 49-5 1 * 212
Hermaiinsson , Prof 101
Hildebrand, William A., gift 212
Hindi books, gift 22-23
Humiston, W. H., gift 74
Illustrated books, noteworthy accessions 38, 88-89
Increase of salaries I 3~ I 5
Increase of the Library , 19-41
Incunabula, Thacher collection of, catalogue 115-119
Index analysis of Federal statutes 139-140
International copyright relations 195-196
Japanese literature, purchases .'. 26, 31-34, 95
Kiang Kang-hu, Professor 95
Koch, Theodore Wesley 10
Ladino literature 93
Land laws, U. S. public, compilation of 145-151
Lane, John, company, New York, gift. 23
Law library, report of 56-61
Accessions, statistics 56
Foreign law 58
Guide to Spanish law 60-61
Latin-American laws 58-60
Noteworthy accessions, list of 56-57
Recataloguing of collections 57-58
Session laws and State reports 57
Supreme Court records and briefs 58
Legislative Reference Division, report of 7, 129-151
Bill drafting 141
Constitutional amendments 134
Constitutional law 133-134
Digests and compilations of state laws 1 35~ I 36
United States laws 131-132
Foreign law, translations and digests 137-138
International law 138
Investigations under direction of legislative assistant 142-144
President's speeches, Index to 144
Statutory construction 133
Statutory precedents and forms 132
Subjects treated 141-144
United States public land laws, compilation of 145-151
Librarians, 1802-1916 5
Libraries using L. C. classification 104-105
Library staff, list 5-6
Lighting system, improvement in 163
Lincoln, Abraham, Gettysburg address, MS. 47~49
Last writing of 49-5 1
Second inaugural address, MS 47~49
Lincoln, Hon. Robert Todd, gift 212
List of subject headings 98
Lorenz publishing co., gift 74
Lowry, Robert J., gift 212
McClellan, Hon. George B., gift 212
McClellan papers 212
Mclntosh, Charles F., gift 212
Main, Hubert P., gift v 74, 75, 76
Mann, George C., gift -^ 212
Manuscripts, Division of, report of 41-52
Accessions, general list of, 1915-16 214-222
Gifts and deposits 42-51
Gifts, 1915-16, list of 211-214
Transcripts, list of 223-228
Use of collections 5 1-52
Maps and Charts, Division of, report of 61-69
Accessions, statistics 61-62
Atlases, noteworthy accessions 62-64
California, list of maps 65
Copyright maps 64-65
County maps 65
European war maps 66
Noteworthy accessions 62-64, 66-69
Publications 65-66, 112
Reproductions, noteworthy accessions 67-69
Sanborn insurance maps 62
Washington, list of maps 66
Marcy, William Learned, papers 43~44
Maryland society of colonial dames, deposit 212
Miersch, Paul Th. , gift 74
Miscellaneous receipts 159
Mitchell, George D., gift - 4
Mixson, Mrs. Robert M., gift 212
Morse, Edward Lind, gift 45, 213
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, papers 45> 213
Morss, Charles H., gift 212
Mowry, Duane, gift / 213
Mulford, J. Bentley, gift 213
Munson, Mrs. A. M 8
Music, Division of, report of 70-79
Accessions, statistics 70
Classification 78, 79
Contents, statistics 70-71
Manuscript scores 74
Noteworthy accessions 7 I- 73
Public service 79
Publications 76, 113, 119
Myers, Mrs. Fred, gift 213
National Guard, employees serving in 9
Newark, N. J., Committee of One hundred, gift 213
Newspapers, American, noteworthy accessions 81-84
Nicolay, Miss Helen, gift 47, 48, 213
Noteworthy accessions 2 3~39
Officers, list of 5-6
Ogden, Miss Lucy 8
Ohsol, J. G 8
Olerich, Henry, gift 213
Palmer, Thomas W. , jr 61
Palmieri, A 10
Panama- Pacific International exposition, Branch Copyright
office jS-ig, 184-185
Parliamentary recruiting committee, London, gift 213
Periodicals, Division of, report of 80-84
Accessions, statistics 80
Binding of newspapers 80-81
Newspaper statistics 80
Noteworthy accessions 81-84
Phillips, P. Lee, gift 23, 213
Pickett, Theodore J. , gift 213
Prints, Division of, report of 85-91
Accessions, statistics 85
Publications Section, report of i IQ-I 19
Publications, commendations 1 13-1 iy
Publications, list of 111-113
Publications, statistics no
Purchases, noteworthy accessions 23-39
Reading room for the blind 126-129
Reference division, Legislative ;, 129-151
Reid, John Gilbert, gift 34~35
Reid, Mrs. Whitelaw, gift 21
Repairs to buildings '. 161-164
Rice, Prof. Richard A 9
Robertson, Dr. James A., gift 213
Salaries, Increases of I 3~ I 5
Semitic and Oriental Division, report of 9 r ~95
Sheldon fellowship 61
Sinclair, George, gift 213
Smithsonian Deposit 123-125
Soler, Ramon, gift 2 13
Spanish transcripts 51
Speek, P. A 8
Sperry, Charles S., deposit 43~44, 213
Sperry, Mrs. Charles S., deposit 43~44, 213
Stevens, Mrs. Alice F 9, 99
Stoeckel, Carl, gift 74
Stokes, Frederick A., company, gift 23
Stuyvesant, Mrs. Rutherfurd, gift 21
Sumter, Thomas, papers 43
Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds, Report. 153-164
Swingle, Dr. Walter T 23-24, 26-34
Taggart, Hugh T. , papers 46
Thacher, J. B., Collection of Incunabula, catalogue 115-119
Thompson, James David 8, 10
Transcripts from foreign archives 51
Transcripts of English records, list of 223-228
Tregina, Arthur, gift 74
Unexpended balances 159-160
United States public land laws, compilation of . 145-151
Visitors to the Library, statistics 160
Wadsworth, Mrs. Alice Hay, gift . 47. 48; 214
War College division, War Department, deposit 214
West, Mrs. Max, gift 214
Whitney, Mrs. Helen Hay, gift 47, 48, 214
Witbeck, Albert T., gift 214
Woodruff, Dr. Caldwell, gift 214
Yamawaki, H., gift 21
Yiddish literature 9 2 ~93
Young, Mrs. John Russell, gift 214
U.S. Library of Congress
733 Report of the Librarian
U57A2 of Congress
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UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY